Sarnau

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For another village of the same name see Sarnau Jalor
Author of this article is Laxman Burdak लक्ष्मण बुरड़क
Location of village Sarnau near Kochhor in Sikar district

Sarnau (सरणाऊ) or Sandau (संडाऊ) Sarnau Kot (सरणाऊकोट) is the site of an abandoned village in Danta Ramgarh tahsil in Sikar district of Rajasthan.

Founders

The site is associated with the history of Burdak clan. As per records of the bards of Burdak clan the village Sarnau and Sarnau-Fort were founded by Burdak Jats. They ruled here from samvat 1032 to samvat 1315 (975 AD - 1258 AD) with Sarnau as their capital. They had 84 villages under them.[1]

Location

Nearby villages of the site are Khandelsar (5.1 km NW), Raipura and Gowati (3.5 km SW), Kochhor (5 km NW) [2].

Sarnau Fort is situated 3.5 km from Govati in northwest direction. Its geographical Coordinates are: 27°27'39"N 75°18'48"E. Author obtained the records about History of Burdak Gotra from their Badwa Rao Bhawani Singh on 2 December 2010. Author along with Bhanwar Lal Bijarnia of Sikar visited the site on 12 December 2010. It was a matter great curiosity to see the site. We first visited Sikar Museum. It has large number of statues and other ancient items brought from Harshanath and other sites.

The village Sarnau is now an abandoned village. When we go by road from village Ranoli situated on NH-11 to Kochhor we find a village Khandelsar near Kochhor. In the rohi (Agricultural land) of Khandelsar village there is a site with some ancient ruins of habitation. This site is about 7 kms from Jeenmata and is closer to village Raipura. This place has been identified as the old Sarnau village where the Burdaks first settled.[3] The village Raipura is situated between Khandelsar and Gowati. [4].

History

Sarnau was made Jagirdari of Burdaks under Raja Mahi Pal Tanwar of Delhi in samvat 1032. Burdaks ruled at Sarnau Fort from samvat 1032 to samvat 1315 (975 AD - 1258 AD).

In samvat 1315 (1258 AD) Sarnau falls to Delhi Badashah Nasir-ud-din Mahmud (1246–1266) son of Iltutmish (1211–1236) of Slave dynasty. At that time Chaudhary Kalu Ram, Kunwar Padam Singh and Kunwar Jag Singh were Jagirdars from Burdak clan. There were 84 villages in this Jagir.

As per bards' record in the village Sarnau there were fought six wars between Burdaks and Dhakas. Momraj Dhaka of village Ganora Sikar was appointed mansabdar by Nasir-ud-din Mahmud. He attacked six times on Sarnau with the help of slave dynasty ruler. Dhakas could not defeat Burdaks in Sarnau. They conspired and attacked Burdaks were they were unarmed and performing shradha at Halani Baori. Rambha Kharra wife of Padam Singh Burdak was at that time away in her her pihar at 'Kharra Ka Gothara' village. She was pregnant at that time. She gave birth to a child in nanihal at 'Kharra Ka Gothara' village. All Burdaks in Rajasthan are descendant of this sole child. The sole survivor woman was a devotee of god Gusainji. Burdaks consider Gusainji as their kuladevata and pay homage to the deity at place called Junjala near Nagaur city. For detail history see - History of Burdaks from Ajmer to Sarnau

Present condition

Bhomiaji Deoli at Sarnau
Pot Sherds at Sarnau
Ruins of Sarnau
Ruins of Sarnau

It was a curiosity to see the present condition of Sarnau, the old capital of Burdak clan. The initial information about Sarnau had been gathered by Bhanwar Lal Bijarnia of Sikar. Author requested him to accompany on tour to old places connected with the Burdak history. On 12 December 2010 we visited the places Harsh Parvat, Jeenmata Dham, Jeenwas, Gothra Tagalan, the abandoned Sarnau Kot and Sarnau village.

When we go on road from village Ranoli, situated south of Sikar town on NH-11, to Kochhor we find a village Khandelsar near Kochhor. In the rohi (Agricultural land) of Khandelsar village there is a site with some ancient ruins of habitation. This site is about 7 kms from Jeenmata in the east and is closer to village Raipura. We have to take a kachcha road from Raipura in east to south direction to approach Sarnau. The village Raipura is situated between Khandelsar and Gowati. Local people pronounce Sarnau as Sandau. Here are the sites connected with Sarnau:

Sandau Ki Johdi - The local people remember the history of war of Burdaks and Dhakas and call this site as ‘Sandau Ki Johdi’ or ‘Sandau Ki Rohi’. From Raipur village at a distance of 1 km we first reach ‘Sandau Ki Johdi’. As per records of the bards there were three temples of Shiva, Hanuman and Ashapuri Mata respectively. We could see the Shiva temple which is being expanded at present. Second temple was probably Ashapuri Mata which bears some Inscription at the top. There was third temple of Hanuman which we could not see due to lack of time.

Sandau Fort – In the east of ‘Sandau Ki Johdi’ is situated ‘Sandau Fort’. It has old ruins. When we climb from west direction we can see the traces of deep ditch and the sand wall protection system. One old well and Baori can be easily identified. The hills surround the place from three directions except east. It was in east where a wall and double gates were constructed as per records of bards. There are old Bargad trees on the site. Bargad is recorded in the records of bards as one of the five symbols of Chauhan rulers. There are more ancient trees which indicate development of garden. There is one hillock in the middle of the Fort site from where one can see view in the east direction. From this hillock we can see in east open side on left a village called ‘Garhwalon Ki Dhani’ and on right village ‘Bajiyon Ki Dhani’. We can also see from here the site of Ladhana Fort of Bijarnias who ruled in east of Sarnau at that time.

Sandau village – The abandoned Sandau village has no direct approach. This is a very productive land. We took the help of old person Shri Ugam Singh Shekhawat of Raipura village who led us to the site passing through cultivated fields. Shri Ugam Singh Shekhawat’s farm is in east of the site of Sandau. While moving on foot through field he narrated the story of war of Burdaks and Dhakas. We reached the place Sandau at last at bout the time of Sunset.

On the site of Sandau village there is a small temple of Bhaumiaji. It is called ‘Bhaumiaji ka Deora’. Local people worship him as deity. He is considered by the local people as the protector deity.

The land on which ‘Bhaumiaji ka Deora’ is situated at present is in the possession of one person of Meena community. A piece of land measuring 2 bighas was earlier earmarked for ‘Bhaumiaji ka Deora’ but at present it is under cultivation.

The traces of ancient habitation can be seen all around. In the process of cultivation villagers find stones, boulders, pot sherds etc. People in the past have dug some places in search of gold and silver also.

There is a need to protect and develop the place being of historical importance. Genealogy of Burdaks

See also

Gallery

References

  1. Bahi of Badwa Bhawani Singh Rao of village Maheswas, tahsil Phulera, district Jaipur, Rajasthan, Mob:09785459386
  2. Location of Khandelsar, Raipura & Gowati
  3. Identified by Bhanwar Lal Bijarnia of Sikar
  4. Location of Raipura

External links

See also

References


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