Satyarth Prakash

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Satyarth Prakash's text carved on Copper Plates, kept in the museum at Gurukul Jhajjar

Satyarth Prakash (सत्यार्थ प्रकाश), – The Light of Truth is a book written originally in Hindi by Maharishi Dayanand, the renowned religious and social reformer and the founder of Arya Samaj. It is considered one of his major scholarly works. The book was subsequently revised by Swami Dayanand in 1882 and has now been translated into more than 20 languages including, Sanskrit and several foreign languages like English, French, German, Swahili, Arabic and Chinese. The major portion of the book is dedicated to laying down the reformist advocacy of Swami Dayanand with the last three chapters making a case for comparative study of different religious faiths.

Contents of Satyarth Prakash

The book contains fourteen chapters, the contents of which are detailed below[1]:

Chapter Content
1 The first chapter is an exposition of “Om” and other names of God.
2 The second chapter provides guidance on the upbringing of children.
3 The third chapter explains the life of Brahmacharya (bachelor), the duties and qualifications of scholars and teachers, good and bad books and the scheme of studies.
4 Chapter 4 is about marriage and married life.
5 Chapter 5 is about giving up materialism and starting to carry out community service.
6 Chapter 6 is about Science of Government.
7 Chapter 7 is about Veda and God.
8 Chapter 8 deals with Creation, Sustenance and Dissolution of the Universe.
9 Chapter 9 deals with knowledge and ignorance, and emancipation and bondage.
10 Chapter 10 deals with desirable and undesirable conduct and permissible and forbidden diet.
11 Chapter 11 contains criticism of the various religions and sects prevailing in India.
12 Chapter 12 deals with the Charvaka ideology, Buddhism and Jainism.
13 Chapter 13 has his views on Christianity (the Bible).
14 Chapter 14 has his views on Muhammadism or Islam (Quran).

Jat History in Satyarth Prakash

Ram Sarup Joon[2] writes that .... Swami Dayanand Saraswati has, in his book Satyarth Prakash, quoted from the famous book Chadrika Pushtika that from Yudhishtra to Harsh Vardhan, 124 rulers ruled for 4257 years 9 months and 14 Days. Six dynasties ruled during this period. The first three dynasties had their capitals in Hastinapur, Indraprastha and Kausambi. During the reign of the fourth generation, the capital was changed to Magadh. It is also mentioned that during the reign of the fourth


History of the Jats, End of Page-44


generation of Yudhisthra, Hastinapur was destroyed due to changes in the course of the River Ganga. The Dhillon Dynasty founded Delhi and ruled there from 800 BC to 283 BC.

Genealogy of Jat rulers in Satyarth Prakash

The names of various rulers of first three dynasties and the duration of their rule from about 3000 BC is reproduced below:

Name of ruler Yrs Months Days
Yudhisthra 36 8 25
Prechhat 60 - -
Janmejai 84 7 23
Asmedh 82 8 22
Chhattarmal 81 11 27
Divteyeram 88 2 8
Chitrath 75 3 28
Dust Shail 75 10 24
Ugarsain 77 7 21
Shursain 78 7 21
Bhuman Pati 69 5 5
Ranjit 65 10 4
Rakshak 64 7 4
Sukhdev 62 - -
Narharu Dev 51 10 2
Schurath 42 11 2
Suransain II 58 10 8
Parwatsain 56 8 10
Medhavi 52 10 10
Sonchir 50 8 21
Bhum Dev 47 9 20
Narhari Dev 45 11 23
Kardvi 44 10 8
Alanmik 50 11 8
Udaupal 38 9
Biwannal 40 10 26
Damat 32 - -
Bhumpal 58 6 8
Akchemak 48 11 21

Akchhemak was assassinated by Pradhan Bisrwae who became the ruler. In this line 14 rulers ruled for 600 years three months and 17 days.

Name of ruler Yrs Months Days
Biserwa 17 3 26
Pursaini 42 8 21
Birsaini 52 10 7
Anankshai 47 8 23
Hari Jatu 35 - 17
Parmasaini 44 2 23
Sik patal 30 2 21
Kadrut 42 9 24
Sajij 32 2 14
Amarchur 27 2 16
Amin Pal 22 11 25
Dashrath 25 4 12
Biral 31 8 11
Virsal Sain 47 - 14

Vir Maha, the prime minister assassinated Virsal Sain and seized the throne. His dynasty known as the famous [Dhillon|Dhillon dynasty]], ruled, for 445 years 5 months and 3 days.

16 rulers ruled in this period.

Name of ruler Yrs Months Days
Birmaha 35 10 8
Ajit Singh 27 7 19
Sarvadat 28 3 10
Bhuvannati 15 5 10
Vir Sain 21 2 13
Mahipal 40 8 17
Shatruaal 26 4 3
Singh Raj 27 2 10
Dejpal 28 11 10
Manik Chand 37 7 21
Kam Saini 42 5 10
Shatru Mardan 8 11 13
Iiwan lok 28 9 17
Hari Rau 26 10 29
Vir Sain 35 2 20
Aditya Ketu 23 11 13

Aditya Ketu was killed by Dharan Dhar who then became the ruler and shifted his capital to Magadh. It may be noticed as a matter of interest from the above account that after Mahabharat, life span gradually and continuously declined, the average ruling period being 60 years for the first dynasty, 30 years for the second and 27 years for the third. No details are available of the history of the Jats upto 800 B.C.

However, from the establishment of Dhillon rule in 800 BC to the rule of Harsh Vardhan, the historical events can be traced in chronological order and in fair detail. The Majmal-ut-Twarikh Waqiate Panj Hazar Sala, is a book in Persian, which was translated into Urdu in 1898 by Shri Banke Lal? This book describes the Dhillon Jat rule from 800 B.C. To 350 BC. Dhillon is a big Jat gotra and is not found in any other community. A major part of this gotra adopted the Sikh faith.

Also see

External links