Shikhandin

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Shikhandin (शिखंडिन्) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Suvastvadi (सुवास्त्वादि) (4.2.77) group. [1] Shikhandin (शिखण्डिन) is a character in the Mahabharata. List of Shiva's thousand names includes Shikhandi (शिखण्डी).

Origin

Variants of name

Jat clan

Mention by Panini

Shikhandin (शिखंडिन्) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Suvastvadi (सुवास्त्वादि) (4.2.77) group. [2]

History

In Mahabharata

Shikhandin (शिखण्डिन) is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.61.87), (VI.112.58), (IX.44.90),


Shikhandi (Sanskrit: शिखण्डी, Śikhaṇḍī, lit. lock on the crown of the head) is a character in the Mahabharata. He was born as a girl child named 'Shikhandini' to Drupada (the king of Panchala) after much penance to Lord Shiva who promised that his child will attain sex change at a later stage. Shikhandi fought in the Kurukshetra war on the side of the Pandavas, along with his father Drupada and brother Dhristadyumna.


Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 61 provides Genealogy of the Danavas, Asuras, Kauravas, Pandavas, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Rakshasas. Shikhandin is mentioned in verse (I.61.87) as incarnation of) a Rakshasa. ...."Know also, O monarch, that the mighty car-warrior Dhrishtadyumna was a portion of Agni. And know also that Sikhandin, who was at first a female, was (the incarnation of) a Rakshasa." [3]


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 112 mentions Shikhandin in verse (VI.112.58) ....The son of Kunti, meanwhile, urged Shikhandin, saying,--Proceed, proceed, towards Bhishma, and slay him!.. [4]


Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo (सेनागणाध्यक्ष), the diverse gods, various clans who joined it. It mentions Shikhandin in verse (IX.44.90). [5]

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.508
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.508
  3. अग्नेर अंशं तु विद्धि तवं धृष्टद्युम्नं महारथम, शिखण्डिनम अथॊ राजन सत्रीपुंसं विद्धि राक्षसम (I.61.87)
  4. शिखण्डिनं च कौन्तेयॊ याहि याहीत्य अचॊथयत, भीष्मं परति महाराज जह्य एनम इति चाब्रवीत (VI.112.58)
  5. त्रिशिखा द्विशिखाश चैव तदा सप्त शिखाः परे, शिखण्डिनॊ मुकुटिनॊ मुण्डाश च जटिलास तदा (IX.44.90)

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