Jat Gotras from Bhauma
Birth of Bhauma
Once when Lord Shiva was engrossed in 'deep meditation' ( upon his abode Mount Kailash, three drops of perspiration originated from his forehead and fell down on the earth. From those drops manifested a very beautiful infant, who was of reddish complexion and who had four arms.
The child was handed over to the earth goddess, Bhumi for upbringing by Lord Shiva. The child was named Bhauma as he was nurtured and brought up by 'Bhumi' (earth).
When Bhauma grew up, he went to Kashi and did a tremendous penance to please lord Shiva. Lord Shiva blessed him by granting him 'Mangala-loka (the Abode of Mangala), which was superior even to the 'Shukra-loka' (the Abode of the god of Venus - Shukra). The same 'Bhauma' is established in the solar system by the name of Mangala (the planet Mars).
In Śrīmad Bhāgavatam
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam tells about Bhaumasura in various shlokas as under:
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.10.29
- pramathya caidya-pramukhān hi śuṣmiṇaḥ
- pradyumna-sāmbāmba-sutādayo 'parā
- yāś cāhṛtā bhauma-vadhe sahasraśaḥ
Translation - The children of these ladies are Pradyumna, Sāmba, Amba, etc: Ladies like Rukmiṇī, Satyabhāmā and Jāmbavatī were forcibly taken away by Him from their svayaḿvara ceremonies after He defeated many powerful kings, headed by Śiśupāla. And other ladies were also forcibly taken away by Him after He killed Bhaumāsura and thousands of his assistants. All of these ladies are glorious.
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.2.1-2
- anyaiś cāsura-bhūpālair
- bāṇa-bhaumādibhir yutaḥ
- yadūnāḿ kadanaḿ cakre
- balī māgadha-saḿśrayaḥ
Translation - Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Under the protection of Magadharāja, Jarāsandha, the powerful Kaḿsa began persecuting the kings of the Yadu dynasty. In this he had the cooperation of demons like Pralamba, Baka, Cāṇūra, Tṛṇāvarta, Aghāsura, Muṣṭika, Ariṣṭa, Dvivida, Pūtanā, Keśī, Dhenuka, Bāṇāsura, Narakāsura and many other demoniac kings on the surface of the earth.
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.2-3
mura-pāśāyutair ghorairdṛḍhaiḥ sarvata āvṛtam
Translation - Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: After Bhauma had stolen the earrings belonging to Indra's mother, along with Varuṇa's umbrella and the demigods' playground at the peak of Mandara mountain, Indra went to Lord Kṛṣṇa and informed Him of these misdeeds. The Lord, taking His wife Satyabhāmā with Him, then rode on Garuḍa to Prāgyotiṣa-pura, which was surrounded on all sides by fortifications consisting of hills, unmanned weapons, water, fire and wind, and by obstructions of mura-pāśa wire.
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.12
vasur nabhasvān aruṇaś ca saptamaḥ
pīṭhaḿ puraskṛtya camū-patiḿ mṛdhebhauma-prayuktā niragan dhṛtāyudhāḥ
Translation - Ordered by Bhaumāsura, Mura's seven sons — Tāmra, Antarikṣa, Śravaṇa, Vibhāvasu, Vasu, Nabhasvān and Aruṇa — followed their general, Pīṭha, onto the battlefield bearing their weapons.
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.16
tad bhauma-sainyaḿ bhagavān gadāgrajo
vicitra-vājair niśitaiḥ śilīmukhaiḥ
nikṛtta-bāhūru-śirodhra-vigrahaḿcakāra tarhy eva hatāśva-kuñjaram
Translation - At that moment Lord Gadāgraja shot His sharp arrows at Bhaumāsura's army. These arrows, displaying variegated feathers, soon reduced that army to a mass of bodies with severed arms, thighs and necks. The Lord similarly killed the opposing horses and elephants.
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.32
iti bhūmy-arthito vāgbhir
Translation - Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Thus entreated by Goddess Bhūmi in words of humble devotion, the Supreme Lord bestowed fearlessness upon her grandson and then entered Bhaumāsura's palace, which was filled with all manner of riches.
Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.33
bhaumāhṛtānāḿ vikramyarājabhyo dadṛśe hariḥ
Translation - There Lord Kṛṣṇa saw sixteen thousand royal maidens, whom Bhauma had taken by force from various kings.
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