Bhauma

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Bhauma (भौम) or Bhaumasura (भौमासुर) was a rich King of Mahabharata period. He was enemy of Krishna.

Jat Gotras from Bhauma

Bhaubhia (भौभिया) Bhaubia (भौबिया) Bhaubhiya (भौभिया) Bhobia (भोबिया) is gotra of Jats started from their ancestral person of the period of Mahabharata named Bhauma (भौम). [1]

Birth of Bhauma

Once when Lord Shiva was engrossed in 'deep meditation' ( upon his abode Mount Kailash, three drops of perspiration originated from his forehead and fell down on the earth. From those drops manifested a very beautiful infant, who was of reddish complexion and who had four arms.

The child was handed over to the earth goddess, Bhumi for upbringing by Lord Shiva. The child was named Bhauma as he was nurtured and brought up by 'Bhumi' (earth).

When Bhauma grew up, he went to Kashi and did a tremendous penance to please lord Shiva. Lord Shiva blessed him by granting him 'Mangala-loka (the Abode of Mangala), which was superior even to the 'Shukra-loka' (the Abode of the god of Venus - Shukra). The same 'Bhauma' is established in the solar system by the name of Mangala (the planet Mars).[2]

In Mahabharata

Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 mentions Bhauma along with Atavis, Shabaras, Maru, Bhaumas, Mairihas etc.

अपरन्ध्राश च शूद्राश च पह्लवाश चर्म खण्डिकाः
अटवी शबराश चैव मरु भौमाश च मारिष Mahabharata (6.10.46)

In Śrīmad Bhāgavatam

Śrīmad Bhāgavatam[3] tells about Bhaumasura in various shlokas as under:

Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.10.29

:yā vīrya-śulkena hṛtāḥ svayaḿvare
pramathya caidya-pramukhān hi śuṣmiṇaḥ
pradyumna-sāmbāmba-sutādayo 'parā
yāś cāhṛtā bhauma-vadhe sahasraśaḥ

Translation - The children of these ladies are Pradyumna, Sāmba, Amba, etc: Ladies like Rukmiṇī, Satyabhāmā and Jāmbavatī were forcibly taken away by Him from their svayaḿvara ceremonies after He defeated many powerful kings, headed by Śiśupāla. And other ladies were also forcibly taken away by Him after He killed Bhaumāsura and thousands of his assistants. All of these ladies are glorious.

Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.2.1-2

:śrī-śuka uvāca
pralamba-baka-cāṇūra-
tṛṇāvarta-mahāśanaiḥ
muṣṭikāriṣṭa-dvivida-
pūtanā-keśī-dhenukaiḥ
anyaiś cāsura-bhūpālair
bāṇa-bhaumādibhir yutaḥ
yadūnāḿ kadanaḿ cakre
balī māgadha-saḿśrayaḥ

Translation - Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Under the protection of Magadharāja, Jarāsandha, the powerful Kaḿsa began persecuting the kings of the Yadu dynasty. In this he had the cooperation of demons like Pralamba, Baka, Cāṇūra, Tṛṇāvarta, Aghāsura, Muṣṭika, Ariṣṭa, Dvivida, Pūtanā, Keśī, Dhenuka, Bāṇāsura, Narakāsura and many other demoniac kings on the surface of the earth.

Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.2-3

śrī-śuka uvāca

indreṇa hṛta-chatreṇa

hṛta-kuṇḍala-bandhunā

hṛtāmarādri-sthānena

jñāpito bhauma-ceṣṭitam

sa-bhāryo garuḍārūḍhaḥ

prāg-jyotiṣa-puraḿ yayau

giri-durgaiḥ śastra-durgair

jalāgny-anila-durgamam

mura-pāśāyutair ghorair

dṛḍhaiḥ sarvata āvṛtam

Translation - Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: After Bhauma had stolen the earrings belonging to Indra's mother, along with Varuṇa's umbrella and the demigods' playground at the peak of Mandara mountain, Indra went to Lord Kṛṣṇa and informed Him of these misdeeds. The Lord, taking His wife Satyabhāmā with Him, then rode on Garuḍa to Prāgyotiṣa-pura, which was surrounded on all sides by fortifications consisting of hills, unmanned weapons, water, fire and wind, and by obstructions of mura-pāśa wire.

Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.12

tāmro 'ntarikṣaḥ śravaṇo vibhāvasur

vasur nabhasvān aruṇaś ca saptamaḥ

pīṭhaḿ puraskṛtya camū-patiḿ mṛdhe

bhauma-prayuktā niragan dhṛtāyudhāḥ

Translation - Ordered by Bhaumāsura, Mura's seven sons — Tāmra, Antarikṣa, Śravaṇa, Vibhāvasu, Vasu, Nabhasvān and Aruṇa — followed their general, Pīṭha, onto the battlefield bearing their weapons.


Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.16

tad bhauma-sainyaḿ bhagavān gadāgrajo

vicitra-vājair niśitaiḥ śilīmukhaiḥ

nikṛtta-bāhūru-śirodhra-vigrahaḿ

cakāra tarhy eva hatāśva-kuñjaram

Translation - At that moment Lord Gadāgraja shot His sharp arrows at Bhaumāsura's army. These arrows, displaying variegated feathers, soon reduced that army to a mass of bodies with severed arms, thighs and necks. The Lord similarly killed the opposing horses and elephants.


Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.32

śrī-śuka uvāca

iti bhūmy-arthito vāgbhir

bhagavān bhakti-namrayā

dattvābhayaḿ bhauma-gṛham

prāviśat sakalarddhimat

Translation - Śukadeva Gosvāmī said: Thus entreated by Goddess Bhūmi in words of humble devotion, the Supreme Lord bestowed fearlessness upon her grandson and then entered Bhaumāsura's palace, which was filled with all manner of riches.


Śrīmad Bhāgavatam 10.59.33

tatra rājanya-kanyānāḿ

ṣaṭ-sahasrādhikāyutam

bhaumāhṛtānāḿ vikramya

rājabhyo dadṛśe hariḥ

Translation - There Lord Kṛṣṇa saw sixteen thousand royal maidens, whom Bhauma had taken by force from various kings.

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998 p. 273
  2. Shiva Purana - Chap 2.71
  3. Reference - http://vedabase.net/b/bhauma

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