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Vidang

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Vidang (विडंग) Bidang (बिडंग) is a gotra of Jats.[1] [2] They are classified in Pachhade Jatts.

Origin

Viḍḍasimha (विडसिंह) is a warrior mentioned in Rajatarangini.

History

Viddasimha in Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini[3] tells.... At one time Yashodhara, king of Darad, a place where good counsel did not prevail, was during Jayasimha's life time reduced to poverty. Though his kingdom was situated next to that of the king of Kashmira, yet he had become the favourite of the king of Kashmira by rendering great service in time of danger. His son was overpowered by the ministers and his condition was pitiable. For, his own minister Viḍḍasimha snatched the kingdom from him, violated his queen and gave the kingdom to his minor son. (p.219-220)


Rajatarangini[4] tells.... When Sujji was away from the country, the tree of his iniquities nourished by Sajjijāḍya was about to bear fruit. Viḍḍasimha remained indignant for two or three years. He took refuge with the warrior king [of Kashmira] and with his friends, he put down from a distance, the rising of the people by means of active trade and agriculture. He engaged himself in conspiracy with Alakarachakra and other Damaras who were related by marriage to the ministers of Darad. At the time when he first marched out with a view to obtain possession of the mountains and forts, a low


[p.223]: person named Janakabhadra had become his friend ; this man now expired by his side. In Karṇāṭa and in many other places through which he was seen to pass, some rose in rebellion and some became friendly. He planned to enter (the capital of Darad?). Though he made grand preparations yet he artfully made his progress slow, and the king of Darad, inactive through indolence, overlooked him. The king of the world [Kashmira] sent Udaya, lord of Dvara, with men. He brought riches to the peaceful and tumults to the turbulent. [VIII (ii),p.222-223]


Rajatarangini[5] tells...When Bhoja's messengers announced to Viddasimha, who was at a distance, of Bhoja's arrival, Viddasimha sent him umbrella and music and royal insignia befitting a king. In that kingdom, the lord of the fort (kotta) raised him to prosperity, but prevented the appropriation of the treasures belonging to the Rājavīji. (p.247)


Rajatarangini[6] tells... Help from the Mahomedans:... But Viddasimha learnt the accounts about Bhoja and sent many messengers to Uttarapatha in order to bring the mlechchha kings. Thence they came to the camp of lord of Darad. (This is first instance of Kashmirians sought help of Muhammadans from plains) The kings and their feudatory chiefs from various quarters came to Bhoja.... Sent by Rajavadana, Jayachandra and others, the Kiras and Kashmirians also arrived by the side of Rajaviji. The son of Salhana, who was possessed of immense riches, satisfied Balhara and other soldiers who were far


[p.252]: or near, with gold. Rajavadana, an irrepressible conspirator, fearlessly joined Bhoja because he was greatly injured. They two became friends with each other, and their previous distrust was soon forgotten. Bhoja did not wish to begin hostility without the lord of Darad ; but Rajavadana, out of pride, came to help him with a few soldiers and desired to engage in battle atonce. " If our enemies in the camp give, vent to their pride, it will be checked now, though we have borne it before, and a defeat will destroy their union. Therefore I wish for a battle with the whole of our strength, and after one day my victory or defeat will be known." Thus said Bhoja, but Rajavadana smiled in pride, disregarded the soldiers of Darad and led on the advancing army. After the followers of the Rajaviji had crossed over the Sankata, he heard that the lord of Darad had arrived in his neighbourhood. With a view to join him, he returned to Kotta. Balahara caused his soldiers to enter the village of Matṛigrāma.


Rajatarangini[7] tells...After this, the king and Viddasimha treated Bhoja - who was attended by his soldiers with courtesy, and allowed him to win a victory. Leaving Viddasimha and others in the rear, Bhoja led the army in which the Mlechchhas predominated. Followed by the army which disturbed the world, the son of Salhana thought that he had already conquered the whole earth. With this powerful and proud force consisting of cavalry and Mlechchha kings, he encamped at a place called Samudradhāra. With this powerful and invincible force the beaming Rajavadana thought that Shashthachandra was doomed to death within a short time. [VIII (ii),p.p.253]


Rajatarangini[8] tells... He [the lord of Darad] suppressed, the meeting of those who were determined to rebel and resolved against all persuasion to die at the bridge on the rood. When his soldiers saw him, with servants mostly youths, about to die, they were afraid and became distressed. An offshoot of the River Balaharī had destroyed the road, and seemed to speak in disparagement of the soldiers of Darad by the noise of its dashing waves.

Viddasimha was put to shame by the ladies of his household, by the jealous Mlechchha kings and by the undaunted soldiers, and he deserted the lord of Darad. Then the advanced guards broke the bridge and drove the enemy's soldiers to the other side of the river. Viddasimha arrived among the latter with the sound of trumpet which pierced all sides. [VIII (ii),p.264-265]

Population

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Firozpur district

Vidangkheda (विडंगखेड़ा) is a village in formerly Firozpur district in Punjab.

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Jyotiba Phule Nagar district

Kapasi, Nartho,

Villages in Moradabad district

Mehmoodpur Kunj,

Notable persons

Chaudhary Bahadur Singh Bhobia (1882 - 1924) was a social reformer from Rajasthan state in India. He was a retired subedar of village Bidangkhera or Vidangkheda in formerly Firozpur district in Punjab, who started ‘Jat Anglo Indian School’ in Sangariya with the purpose of spreading education in rural areas on 9 August 1917. [9]

References


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