Bilvan

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Bilvan (बीलवान)[1] Bilwan (बीलवान)[2] is gotra of Jats found in Uttar Pradesh.

Origin

  • This gotra is said to be started from their ancestral mahapurusha named Bilva (बिल्व) of Nagavansh. [3] Bilva is a tree which has scientific name (Eagle marmelos).
  • It may get name from republic known to Panini called Bailvavana (बैल्ववन) (IV.2.53).[4] Bailvavana = Bilva + Vana, a forest of Bilva trees.

Jat Gotras Namesake

  • Bilvan (Jat clan) = Bilvapani (Name of Shiva]]). Ratanpur Stone Inscription of Prithvideva II (Vikrama) year 1207 (=1150 AD) mentions in verses 23-24......The temple of Shiva under the name of Bilvapani (बिल्वपाणि) was erected at Sâmbâ (सांंबा) by one Devagana (देवगण). [5]

Mention by Panini

Bilva (बिल्व) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Arihanadi (अरीहणादि) (4.2.80.1) group. [6]


Vilva (विल्व) is name of a place mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Nadadi (नडादि) (4.2.91) group. [7]


Bilva (बिल्व) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [8]

History

V. S. Agrawala[9] mentions Vishayas known to Panini which includes - Bailvavana (बैल्ववन), under Rajanyadi (राजन्यादि) (IV.2.53).


V. K. Mathur[10] writes that Mahabharata Anusasana Parva (XIII.25.13) mentions tirtha named Bilvaka near Haridwar and Kankhal.[11]


The legend goes that when Lord Shiva founded Ujjain at the behest of Parvati on the banks of Shipra, four gates were established to guard the city from all four directions. Four guardian deities Pingaleshwar (East), Kayavarohaneshwar (South), Dardureshwar (North) and Bilveshwar (West) were appointed with Mahakaleshwar at centre of the town.

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 35 gives the names of principal Naga chiefs which includes Bilva (बिल्व) in verse (I.31.12).[12]


Mahabharata Anusasana Parva (XIII.25.13) mentions tirtha named Bilvaka (बिल्वक) in verse (XIII.25.13).[13]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Bulandshahr district

Bilwan Gotra Jats live in villages: Sega Jagatpur,

Notable persons

See also

Bilvaka

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ब-53
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.52, s.n. 17807
  3. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998 p. 269
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.499
  5. Corpus Inscriptionium Indicarium Vol IV Part 2 Inscriptions of the Kalachuri-Chedi Era, Vasudev Vishnu Mirashi, 1955, p. 483-490
  6. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.501
  7. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.504
  8. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.211
  9. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.499
  10. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur,p.632
  11. गंगाद्वारे कुशावर्ते बिल्वके नीलपर्वते, तथा कनखले स्नात्वा धूतपाप्पा दिवं व्रजेत (XIII.25.13)
  12. करवीरः पुष्पदंष्ट्र एॢकॊ बिल्वपाण्डुकः । मूषकादः शङ्खशिराः पूर्णदंष्ट्रॊ हरिद्रकः Mahabharata (I.31.12)
  13. गंगाद्वारे कुशावर्ते बिल्वके नीलपर्वते, तथा कनखले स्नात्वा धूतपाप्पा दिवं व्रजेत (XIII.25.13)

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