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Ghuman (घुमन) (घुमण)[1] Ghuman (घूमन)[2] Ghumman (घुम्मन)/(घुम्मण)[3] Ghamman (घम्मान) Gumar (गुमर)/(गूमर) [4][5] Gumar (गुमड़)[6] Guman (गुमान) is a Gotra of Jats found in Punjab, India and Pakistan. They are ancient Gumer or Gimir, the Cimmerians of ancient Greek. Gumar and Ghuman are the same.


Goman (गोमान्) or Gomanta (गोमन्त) was name of Raivataka Mountan where 18 tribes of Yadavas settled after they fled from Mathura out of fear of Jarasandha, the king of Magadha.[7]

Jat Gotras Namesake

Jat Gotras Namesake

Jat Gotras Namesake

Mention by Pliny

Pliny [10] mentions Nations situated around the Hyrcanian Sea.... Below the district inhabited by them, we find the nations of the Orciani, the Commori, the Berdrigæ, the Harmatotropi,11 the Citomaræ, the Comani, the Marucæi, and the Mandruani.

11 This appears to mean the nations of "Chariot horse-breeders."

Gumuria village


B S Dahiya[11] writes: A people named Kuman are mentioned in the Matsya Purana. But they are shown in the south perhaps erroneously. A person named Gomana, an architect is mentioned in a Kushana inscription [12] Ptolemy mentions a people called Khomar, and their country called Khomaroi. [13] They are ancient Gumer or Gimri, the Cimmerians of ancient Greek. It seems, the Gumar and Ghuman are the same.

Bhim Singh Dahiya writes about an important inscription of a scion of Ghuman clan, which requires special mention. This is the Manikiala silver plate inscription of Gomana Karavaka. Here the person named Karavaka is definitely from the Gomana or Ghumana clan. [14] Pargiter compares the name Gomana with Godhara and Gonanda. Both these are clan names, nowadays called Godara and Gondal, respectively. Similarly Goman is also a clan name. The fact that the clan name comes before the personal name is not of any significance because this was the practice in those days. The Gusur Simhabala and Saka Moda of the inscription have the clan name or the tribal name before the personal name. [15]

H.A. Rose writes that Ghumman (घुम्मन ), Ghamman (घम्मान), a tribe of Jats, found in Sialkot. It claims descent from Malkir, second in descent from the Lunar Race, Raja Dalip of Delhi. Fifth in descent from him, Jodha had three sons, Harpal, Ranpal and Sanpal. The descendants of the two former are the Hajauli jats, while Sanpal had 22 sons, from whom are descended as many clans, including Ghumman, the youngest. Sanpal's wives were of various castes and so his children sank to Jat status. Their Brahmans are Bharwakirs, whom Muhammadans also consult. Ghumman came from Mukiala or Malhiana in the time of Firoz Shah, took service in Jammu, and founded the present tribe. At weddings they worship an idol made of grass and set within a square drawn in the corner of the house, and cut the goat's ear and the jand†† twig like the Sāhi Jats. They also propitiate their ancestors by pouring water over a goat's head so that he shakes it off. They are chiefly found in Sialkot, though they have spread somewhat, especially eastwards, and in that District they have a Sidh called Dulchi. In Jind their Sidh is called Dadu or Kala, and his samadh is at Nagra in Patiala. Beestings are offered to him on the 11th badi every month : offerings are also made at weddings. [16]

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Hapur District


Villages in Noida District


Villages in Meerut District

Bahadurpur Meerut

Villages in Hapur District

Guman (गुमान) Jats live in villages: Rasoolpur Bahlolpur,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Shinbhatti in Gurdaspur and Ghuman, Ghuman Kalan, Ghuman Khurd named Villages are in Batala tahsil and Ghuman in Dera Baba Nanak tahsil in Gurdaspur district in Punjab.

Villages in Patiala district

Ghumana is village in Rajpura tahsil in Patiala district in Punjab. Ghummans have population of 15,600 in Patiala district. This clan owns 11 villages around Bhawanigarh and Ghumana in the Rajpura sub-district and one village in the Patiala sub-district.[17]

Villages in Amritsar district

Talwandi Ghuman, Lalu Ghuman, Ghummans are there in 372 number in Amritsar district also.[18]

Villages in Bhatinda district

Ghuman Kalan, Ghuman Khurd,

Villages in Ludhiana district

Villages in Nawanshahr district

Villages in Sangrur district


Distribution in Pakistan

The Ghuman are of both Rajput and Jat status in Pakistan. The Ghuman claim descent from the Janjua. They are found primarily in Sialkot and Gujranwala districts. Ghumman's tribe eventually primarily settled in Sialkot and remained as Jagirdars of Punjab and a powerful tribe in the area. In Sialkot, they live in village Punj Graheen, village Raja Ghumman tehsil Daska, Village Muhadipur tehsil Sailkot. Sambrial is known to be their main area. As they were the Jagirdars of Punjab, so when Sambrial's land was not enough for them, they moved to their Chiragahs like Ghuainkiii (Ghuman ke) Dugri Ghuman, Paki kotli (Kotli Sura Singh Ghuman), etc. After 1947, most of the Ghuman jat sikh migrated from Sialkot & other parts of Pakistan to various part of India such as Gurdaspur, Jalandhar, amritsar and other areas.

According to 1911 census, the Ghummans were one of the principal Muslim Jat clans. Their population wasas under:

Notable persons

  • Dr. Khalil Ur Ghumman - Secretary General Jutt Federation Pakistan, Punjab Pakistan : Phone: 0092-3313112111, 0092-3443112111 , 03042320720 , Email:


External Links


  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.घ-7
  2. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.238, s.n.76
  3. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.36, sn-685.
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ग-66
  5. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.36, sn-622.
  6. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.238, s.n.83
  7. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.303
  8. Phillips, E. D. (1972). "The Scythian Domination in Western Asia: Its Record in History, Scripture and Archaeology". World Archaeology. 4 (2): 129–138. doi:10.1080/00438243.1972.9979527. JSTOR 123971.
  9. Barnett, R. D. (1975). "Phrygia and the Peoples of Anatolia in the Iron Age". In Edwards, I. E. S.; Gadd, C. J.; Hammond, N. G. L.; Sollberger, E. (eds.). History of the Middle East and the Aegean Region c. 1380-1000 B.C. The Cambridge Ancient History. Vol. 2. Cambridge, United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. pp. 417–442. ISBN 978-0-521-08691-2.
  10. Natural History by Pliny Book VI/Chapter 18
  11. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 282
  12. CII, Vol, II, pt. I. p. 151
  13. Ptolemy, Outline of Geography, pp. II. 6-9 See also Ancient India as described by Ptolemy, pp. 268-69
  14. EI, Vol. XII, p. 301,
  15. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 336-337
  16. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/G, p.298
  17. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon. p. 126
  18. History and study of the Jats. B.S Dhillon.p.124

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