Halar

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

District map of Jamnagar

Halar (हालार) is a historical region of western India, located by the Gulf of Kutch coast on the northwestern area of Nawanagar, now Jamnagar, in Gujarat State, on Saurashtra peninsula, roughly corresponding to the present Jamnagar District, Devbhumi Dwarka district, Morbi District and Rajkot District.


Origin

Variants

History

Thakur Deshraj[1] writes that Raja Hala (69 AD) was Hala clan Jat Ruler of Sindh in Pakistan. The descendants of Maharaja Hala came from south to north and settled in Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. The group of Jats among these Kshatriyas began to be known as Hala.


According to the Bards of the Hala gotra, king Shalivahan, son of Gaj founded his capital at Sorath in Gujarat, where the descendants of king Krishna, brother of king Shalbahan ruled for several generations.[2]

In the tenth generation there was a powerful King named Hala. For 22 generations thereafter this country up to Nasik was ruled by this dynasty and was called Halar. The empire included Bengal, Karnataka, Gujrat, Sindh and Kashmir. This kingdom lasted from 187 Vikram to 227 Vikram. [3]

Bhim Singh Dahiya[4] writes:Varahamihira mentions Mana/Hala together in his Brihat Samhila the name of a people.[5] But these are two different clan names. The Mana and the Hala/Hala. The Mana are separately mentioned as a people in Mark. Purana and so are the Hala and their country in the North. [6]Mana was also supposed to be the name of Agastya's father; and consequently his family is called Mana.[7] But it is doubtful, to say the least. Rig Veda mentions a Mana, and also Sons of Mana. [8] (सूनवे मानेन मानस्य सुनवः )

Elliot mentions a king, Hala, contemporary of Alexander. "Hāla syat sālvahana" says Amarkosha commentry by Kshira. (हाल स्यात् सालवाहतः) "Śālo Hāla nripe" says Vishva Prakash Kosha. Madhyamadhikara, in Siddhaānta Sārvabhauma, mentions Salivahana, author of Prakrat Saptaśati and adds, "Tadiya Śakah", तदीय शकः. The Hala-Hūṇān of Brihat Samhitā are the Halas. Sālva is an incarnation of Asura Ajaka proving their non-Indian origin, perhaps. [9] Kāsikā says Salva was a Kshatriya, whose descendants are called Salva/Syal.[10]

हालार

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[11] ने लेख किया है ...हालार (AS, p.1019) एक ऐतिहासिक स्थान, जो सौराष्ट्र (वर्तमान काठियावाड़), गुजरात का उत्तर-पश्चिमी भाग था।


सौराष्ट्र के कई भागों के नाम हमें इतिहास में मिलते हैं, जैसे- हालार (उत्तर-पश्चिमी भाग), सोरठ (पश्चिमी भाग), गोहिलवाड़ (दक्षिण-पूर्वी भाग) आदि. आज का जामनगर ही हालार क्षेत्र है। यह मुख्यतः नवानगर और ढोल देवानी की भूतपूर्व रियासतों को मिलाकर बना है।[12]

External links

References

  1. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, p. 559
  2. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats, Rohtak, India (1938, 1967
  3. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats, Rohtak, India (1938, 1967
  4. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p.286
  5. SED, p. 806
  6. ibid., p. 809 and p. 1293.
  7. ibid.
  8. Rig Veda, 1/117/11.
  9. Political and Social Movements of Ancient India (H C Ray Chowdhary), p. 109
  10. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats, the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study),
  11. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.1019
  12. भारतकोश-हालार