Hala

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Hala (हाला)[1][2][3] Hela (हेला)[4][5] Hele (हेले) is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan.[6]. Muslim Jats of the Hala (हाला) gotra are found in Sindh, while Hindu and Sikh Jats belonging to this gotra are found in Uttar Pradesh and the Punjab[7]. Marhel/Hela/Helo/Hel clan is found in Afghanistan. [8]

Origin

They are said to be descendants of Maharaja Haleya (हालेय)[9], a Chandravanshi King in the line of Krishna in 8th generation of Krishna.

Sub divisions of Chauhan

Bhim Singh Dahiya[10] provides us list of Jat clans who were supporters of the Chauhan when they gained political ascendancy. The Hela clan supported the ascendant clan Chauhan and become part of a political confederacy.[11]

History

V. S. Agrawala[12] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Sālva (शाल्व) (IV.2.135). It was confined to limited geographical horizon in the central and north eastern Punjab. Shalva may coincide with the territory extending from Alwar to north Bikaner. Salvas were ancient people who migrated from west through Baluchistan and Sindh where they left traces in the form of Śālvakāgiri, the present Hala mountain, and then advancing towards north Sauvira and along the Saraswati and finally settled in north Rajasthan.


Ram Swarup Joon[13] writes that...According to the Bards of the Hala gotra, king Shalvahan, son of Gaj founded his capital at Sorath in Gujarat, where the descendants of king Krishna, brother of king Shalbahan ruled for several generations. In the tenth generation there was a powerful King named Hala. For 22 generations thereafter this country upto Nasik was ruled by this dynasty and was called Halar. The empire included Bengal, Karnataka, Gujrat, Sindh and Kashmir. This kingdom lasted from 187 Vikram to 227 Vikram. Muslim Jats of the Hala gotra are found in Sindh, while Hindu and Sikh Jats belonging to this gotra are found in Uttar Pradesh and the Punjab.


Bhim Singh Dahiya[14] writes: Varahamihira mentions Mana/Hala together in his Brihat Samhila the name of a people.[15] But these are two different clan names. The Mana and the Hala/Hala. The Mana are separately mentioned as a people in Mark. Purana and so are the Hala and their country in the North. [16]Mana was also supposed to be the name of Agastya's father; and consequently his family is called Mana.[17] But it is doubtful, to say the least. Rig Veda mentions a Mana, and also Sons of Mana. [18] (सूनवे मानेन मानस्य सुनवः )


Hela in Rajatarangini[19] is mentioned as the selfish Hela, who had appropriated the money, entrusted to him for distribution to others, became afraid, and tried to induce the king to some evil action. He advised him, in conjunction with the people of Lohara, to capture the fort of Dhata in order to subjugate the province of Darad. ...Hela, other-wise called Mahattama, saw their weakness and excited the king Harsha of Kashmir against them, and the king prepared himself for the march.


Rajatarangini[20] mentions ....Twelve thousand works on the history of kings were compiled by the great ascetic Helaraja (हेलाराज).

Another View

According to Thakur Deshraj there was a great king in Andhra-vansh named Hala around 69 AD. The descendants of Maharaja Hala came from south to north and settled in Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. The group of Jats among these Kshatriyas began to be known as Hala. [21]

Bhim Singh Dahiya[22] gives details of coins of a king named Ripu Salya found which have fire altar on them. V S Agarwal says, "they migrated from west through Baluchistan and sindh, where they left the traces of their name in Salvka-giri, (mentioned by Panini) the present Hala mountains; and then advancing towards north Sauvira and along the Saraswati, finally settled in north Rajasthan. Satyavan was a Salva (Hala) prince and Savitri was a Madra or Maderna princess. Madras were descendants of Sibi's son Madraka. Their infantry is mentioned as Salva Padati on the basis of Modern name of mountain Hala. It is probable that the modern Hala Jats were called Salvas by ancients, but Sal/Syal is a separate Jat clan also. Elliot mentions a king, Hala, contemporary of Alexander. "Hāla syat sālvahana" says Amarkosha commentry by Kshira. (हाल स्यात् सालवाहतः) "Śālo Hāla nripe" says Vishva Prakash Kosha. Madhyamadhikara, in Siddhaānta Sārvabhauma, mentions Salivahana, author of Prakrat Saptaśati and adds, "Tadiya Śakah", तदीय शकः. The Hala-Hūṇān of Brihat Samhitā are the Halas. Sālva is an incarnation of Asura Ajaka proving their non-Indian origin, perhaps. [23] Kāsikā says Salva was a Kshatriya, whose descendants are called Salva/Syal.[24]


Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) [25] states that The Ephthalites (White Hunas), who came to India, comprised the Xun, (Jun) Hala, Halan, Jouan/Jouen, Jaria and Jauval or Johl tribes of Scythic origin. 116 one. Strenuous efforts were made by Virkas, Aulikaras and Dharanas (Jat tribes) to turn out and exterminatet the Huns from India, and yet some of the Huna tribes seem have been absorbed in the Jats. The existence of Joon, Hala, Hoon, Halani, Juria, Johl and Johi among the Jats leads us to surmise that the above mentioned Ephthalmite tribes, who must have managed to stay in North-Western India merged with the Jats and retained their ethnonyms.


According to Sir H.M. Elliot[26] The ruins of old Hála, or Hála-kandi, on the Indus, thirty miles above Haidarábád, lie to the south-east of the present site. Had its name appeared in the Chach-náma, we might have ascribed its foundation to the Rájá Hál, mentioned in p. 106. Tod names a later prince of the Samma family as the founder.

It is probable that the designation of the Hála range of mountains has a similar origin, for we nowhere find them mentioned in any early work; but such a very modern attribution would scarcely satisfy a late writer, who sees in them the cradle of the great Hellenic race:-

"The land of Hellas, a name so dear to civilization and the arts, was so called from the magnificent range of heights situated in Beloochistan, styled the 'Hela' mountains. * * * The chiefs of this country were called 'Helaines,' or the 'chiefs of the Hela.'"[27]

He gives as a motto to this fanciful chapter on the Hellenes, the following lines from the fragments of Hesiod:-

Chiefs of the war-car, guards of holy Right,
Dorus and Æolus, and Zuthus' might
From HELLEN sprang.

As he conceives Æolus to represent the Haiya tribe of Rájpúts, it is surprising that he disregards the more obvious resemblance of Dorus and Zuthus to the mighty Dors and the energetic Zats;-the former now nearly extinct, the latter now better known as the wide-spread Jats.

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं

ठाकुर देशराज लिखते हैं[28] - आन्ध्र-वंश में महाराज हाल (सातवाहन हाल) एक प्रसिद्ध नरेश हो गये हैं। वे बड़े विद्या-प्रेमी थे। उनके समय में एक ग्रन्थ तैयार हुआ था जिसका नाम गाथा सप्तशती था। इसमें सात सौ कथाएं थीं। यह प्रतिष्ठानपुर में राज्य करते थे। प्रतिष्ठानपुर को कुछ लोग निजाम राज्य का पैठन और कुछ लोग इलाहाबाद के पास का बिठूर बतलाते हैं।2 इनके ग्रन्थ गाथा सप्तशती में राजा विक्रमादित्य की दानशीलता का इस प्रकार वर्णन है-

“संवाहन सुखरस तोषि तेन ददता तव करे लाक्षाम्।
चरणेन विक्रमादित्य चरित मनु शिक्षितं तस्याः।”

राजा हाल का समय ई. सन् 69 के इधर-उधर का है।3

कुछ क्षत्रिय-जातियों का पथ दक्षिण से उत्तर को है। हाल के वंशज तथा समुदाय के लोग भी इसी तरह दक्षिण-भारत से उत्तर भारत में आ गये और यू.पी. तथा राजस्थान में फेल गये। जाटों के दल में वे हाला के नाम से पुकारे जाते हैं।


दलीपसिंह अहलावत लिखते हैं

इस वंश की वीरता के कार्य और उज्जैन जीतने के वर्णन बड़े प्रभावोत्पादक हैं। इस हाला वंश का एक समय बंगाल, कर्नाटक, गुजरात, कश्मीर और सिंध पर भी राज्य था। बरार में भी वि० 187 से 277 (सन् 130 से 220) तक इस वंश का

राज्य रहा। इनमें श्री पुलमई के प्रभाव और प्रताप का सभी इतिहासकारों ने गुणगान किया है। सिंध में चन्दराम हाला नामक नरेश की परम्परा का राज्य 7वीं शताब्दी में मुहम्मद-बिन-कासिम ने समाप्त कर दिया। वहां सिंध को बलोचिस्तान से पृथक् करने वाला हाला पर्वत इसी हाला वंश के नाम पर है जो आजकल सोमगिरी कहलाता है। यहां पर इनके राज्य क्षेत्र का नाम हाला खण्डी था। काठियावाड़ में हाला नामक जिला इन्हीं हाला जाटों का स्मारक है। सिंध में हाला जाट मुस्लिम धर्मी हैं और राजस्थान, पंजाब तथा यू० पी० (बदायूं) में बसने वाले सभी हाला जाट हिन्दू हैं जो डीलडौल और गठन में आदर्श क्षत्रिय हैं। (जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ- 1026-1027)


यदुवंश के शाखागोत्र - : 1. वृष्णि 2. अन्धक 3. हाला 4. शिवस्कन्दे-सौकन्दे 5. डागुर-डीगराणा 6. खिरवार-खरे 7. बलहारा 8. सारन 9. सिनसिनवाल 10. छोंकर 11. सोगरवार 12. हांगा 13. घनिहार 14. भोज[29]

Distribution

Muslim Jats of the Hala gotra are found in Sindh, while Hindu and Sikh Jats belonging to this gotra are found in Uttar Pradesh and the Punjab.

Natable persons of this gotra

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.239, s.n.87
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-17
  3. O.S. Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.64,s.n. 2580
  4. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-15
  5. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.64, s.n. 2596
  6. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  7. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter XI, p-1027
  8. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.115,136,185,186
  9. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 286
  10. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316-17
  11. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.375-76
  12. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.55
  13. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 87
  14. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p.286
  15. SED, p. 806
  16. ibid., p. 809 and p. 1293.
  17. ibid.
  18. Rig Veda, 1/117/11.
  19. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book VII (p.257, 258)
  20. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book I (p.2)
  21. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas, p. 559
  22. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India,p. 256
  23. Political and Social Movements of Ancient India (H C Ray Chowdhary), p. 109
  24. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats, the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study),
  25. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, p.136
  26. The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians,p.376
  27. E. Pococke, India in Greece,p.48.
  28. जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-558
  29. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.187

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