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Kaktiya (काकतीय)[1] is a gotra of Jats. [2]


This Gotra started after Kakustha. They are known as Kak or Kaktiya in Telang in south India. [3]


II. The Kakatiya Inscriptions in Bastar

Source – Epigraphia Indica Vol. IX (1907-08): A S I, Edited by E. Hultzsoh, Ph.D. & Sten Konow, Ph.D., p.164-65

[p.164]: All these are modern ones, the oldest being those of the Dantesvari temple at Dantewara written by the rājaguru of the present family, who was a Maithila Pandit. One of these is in Sanskrit and the other is a Maithili rendering of the same with some additions. Col. Glasfurd has given a very defective transcript of both in Ms report. They are dated in the Vikrama Samvat 1760, or 1703 A.D. on the 3rd day of Baisakh, dark fortnight. They record the pilgrimage of Raja Dikpaladeva to the Dantesvari shrine when ' so many thousands of buffaloes and goats were sacrificed that the waters of the Sankhini river became red like kusuma flowers and remained so for five days.' The Kakatiyas are stated to be Somavamsis, 4 born of the

4. In the Ekāmranatha inscription of Ganapati (Ind, Ant. Vol. XXI, p. 200) they are stated to belong to the solar race to which ' Sagara, Bhagiratha, Baghu. and Rama ' belonged. This apparent contradiction is, however, capable of being explained. The Kakatiya king Ganapati had no male issue. He had a daughter named Rudrāmbā,

who succeeded him on the throne. Apparently she also had no male issue and had therefore to adopt her daughter's

[p.165]: Pandava Arjuna. The genealogy begins with Kākati Prataparudra, who was king of Warangal. His brother Annamraja was the first to come to Bastar, and the genealogy is continued to Dikpaladeva, nine successors being mentioned. The present Bastar family is the representative of the old Warangal family, who, having been defeated by Musalmans, fled to Bastar. Combining the information hitherto available, the following list of Kakatiya kings may be made up.

l.- Predecessors of Annamdeva, from Professor Kielhorn's Southern list, above, Vol. VIII, Appendix, p. 18.

1. Durjaya.

2. Beta (Betmaraia) Tribhuvanamalla, son of 1.

3. Prola (Proleraja, Proḍaraja) Jagatikesarin, son of 2 ; made the Western Chalukya Tailapadeva prisoner; defeated Gavindaraja and Gunda of Mantrakuta; conquered but reinstated Chododaya ; put to flight Jagaddeva. .

4. The Mandaleshvara Rudradeva, son of 3; subdued Ḍomma; conquered Mailigideva, burnt the city of Chododaya. A.D. 1163 -[and 1186].

5. Mahadeva (Madhava), brother of 4

6. Ganapati (Ganap) Chhalamatiganda, son of 5; defeated Devagiri Yadava Singhana , the king of Chola etc. A. D. [1199-1200 to 1260-61].

7. Mahamandalachakravartin Prataparudra of Ekashilanagari i.e. Warangal. His general Muppidi entered Kanchi and installed Manayira as governor. A.D. 1316.

2. Succesors of Annamdeva down to Dikpaladeva according to the Dantewara inscriptions.

1. Annamraja, brother of Prataparudra.

2. Hamiradeva. -

3. Bhairava (Bhai Raj) deva.

4. Purashottamadva.

5. Jayadirayadeva.

6. Narasimhadeva; his queen Lachhami-dei dug many tanks and planted gardens.

7. JagadiSarayadeva.

8. Viranarayanadeva.

9 Virasimhadeva, married Vadanakumari, a Chandella princess.

10. Dikpaladeva, married Aiabakumari, of the Chandellas, visited the Danteshvari temple in Samvat 1760, A.D. 1703.

and Prataparudra. It is possible that Parataparudra's father may have belonged to the lunar race, and while Prataparudra became by adoption a Kakatiya of the solar race, his brother Annamadeva, the founder of the Bastar family, must have refined what his father was, that is, of the lunar race. Strictly speaking Prataparudra himself does not seem to have a very strong claim to be a solar Kakatiya. He was adopted by his grandmother, whereby he became member of her grandmother's husband's) race, but it can be urged in his favour that he succeeded to the Kakatiya throne, and that adoption by females was valid in ancient times (See Dattakamomansa VII § 30-38 as quoted by Mayne, Hindu Law and Usage, vith edition, p.130), whereas Ganapati's daughter, whom her father had called son and had given a male name 'Rudra' (on which account she was called Rudramba, see Ind. Ant. XXI, p.199) became incorporated with thw parental race of Solar Kakatiyas. It is in this sense alone that Bastar family could be called as Kakatiya. This would not affect their true lineage ,viz., the lunar race. All this however would apply if Annamadeva was a brother of the Prataparudra of our list I. But list II with 10 kings for a period of about 400 years postulates the existence of another Prataparudra, who probably ruled a hundred years later and 'lost his kingdom and his life in the battle with Ahmad Shah Bahmani' in 1424 AD. This Prataparudra was also probably engrafted from another family like his predecessor, in all likelyhood from the lunar race to which his brother Annamdeva as a matter of natural course continued to belong.

[p.166]: 3. Successors of Dikpaladeva down to the present ruling chief, according to records kept in the Raja's family.

1 Rajpaldeva,

2 Dalpatdeva.

3 Daryaodeva ; his brother Ajmer Singh rebelled against him in Samvat 1836, A,D. 1779.

4 Mahipaladeva.

5 Bhupaladeva.

6 Bhairamadeva.

7 Rudrapratapadeva, the present chief .

The family records place another Prataparajadeva between Narasimhadeva and Jagadisarayadeva, Nos. 6 and 7 of List 2. Prataparudradeva, the brother of Annamraja, is stated to have had three eyes; his army was composed of nine lac archers,1 and during his time golden rain fell. Prataparudra I. was a great patron of learning, and Vidyanatha wrote a work on Alankara, which he called after him Prataparudrayashobhushana or Prataparudriya.2

The other three inscriptions are at Dongar ; they are written in Hindi. Two of them are dated in Samvat 1836, or A.D. 1783, and refer to a visit of Raja Daryaodeva in order to quell a local rebellion. The third is dated in Samvat 1928, or A.D. 1871, and records the pattabhisheka ceremony of Bhairamadeva, the father of the present ruler.

Notable persons


External links


  1. Dr Ompal Singh Tugania: Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.31,sn-305.
  2. डॉ पेमाराम:राजस्थान के जाटों का इतिहास, 2010, पृ.296
  3. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 231

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