|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Mention by Panini
Kardama (कर्दम) was created as a Sādhaka (aspirant) by Brahmā out of his shadow (chāyā), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.16:—“[...] I [viz., Brahmā] created many other things as well, but O sage, I was not satisfied. Then O sage, I meditated on Śiva and his consort Ambā and created aspirants (sādhakas). [...] I created the sage Kardama from my shadow (chāyā), [...] O foremost among sages, creating thus, thanks to the favour of Mahādeva, these excellent Sādhakas (eg., Kardama) I became contented. Then, O dear one, Dharma, born out of my conception assumed the form of Manu at my bidding and was engaged in activity by the aspirants”.
Kardama was married to Devahūti: one of the three daughters of Svāyambhuvamanu and Śatarūpā:—“[...] He (Svāyambhuva Manu) begot of her (Śatarūpā) two sons Priyavrata and Uttānapāda and three daughters Ākūti, Devahūti and Prasūti, all of them very famous. He gave Ākūti in marriage to Ruci and the middle one [viz., Devahūti] to Kardama. He gave Prasūti the younger sister of Uttānapāda in marriage to Dakṣa. Their sons and progeny are spread over the world both mobile and immobile. [...] O sage, Kardama begot of Devahūti many daughters. [...] Thus according to their own actions and at the bidding of Śiva innumerable famous brahmins were born out of the various living beings”. Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
1) Kardama (कर्दम).—A Prajāpati. Pulaha, son of Brahmā, begot of his wife Kṣamā three sons named Kardama, Urvarīyān and Sahiṣṇu. (Chapter 10, Aṃśa 1, Viṣṇu Purāṇa). Of these three Kardama married Devahūti. Devahūti was the daughter of Svāyambhuva Manu and sister of Ākūti and Prasūti. (8th Skandha, Devī Bhāgavata).
Devahūti was an ideal wife and served her husband with great devotion. Kardama was pleased with his wife and presented her with an aeroplane. Kardama and Devahūti conducted then a tour of the worlds in that plane. Devahūti delivered nine daughters and a son. The daughters were married to Marīci and other sages and the son grew into the celebrated Sage Kapilācārya. Kardama then entered into Samādhi. (Sitting in yoga and courting death of one’s own accord). (3rd Skandha, Bhāgavata).
2) Kardama (कर्दम).—A virtuous serpent. (Chapter 35, Ādi Parva).
3) Kardama (कर्दम).—This Sage sits in the court of Brahmā and worships him. (Śloka 19, Chapter 11, Sabhā Parva, Mahābhārata).
4) Kardama (कर्दम).—A celebrated sage who was the grandson of Viraja. He had a son named Anaṅga. (Śloka 90, Chapter 59, Śānti Parva). Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1a) Kardama (कर्दम).—Father of Kapīla. Married Devahūti.1 A son of Brahmā born of his shadow. A progenitor and a yogi;2 performed in kṛtayuga austerities on the banks of Sarasvatī for 10,000 years; when Hari appeared before him, he praised Him and asked for a suitable wife. Devahūti was suggested and the Lord disappeared. Manu came with his wife and daughter to his hermitage, and was suitably received. Kardama agreed to marry his daughter and lead a householder's life until the birth of children. After wedding, Manu and his wife returned home. Pleased at his wife's devotion, created an aerial car artistically built and furnished. Took his wife after her bath and dress round the earth for a hundred years. Nine daughters were born when according to original contract he was anxious to leave her for woods to practise yoga. Noticing her anxiety at his departure, he consoled her that she would give birth to Hari who would bring solace to her. On the birth of Kapila, Brahmā and other seers called on him; gave his daughters in marriage, took leave of his son and retired to a life of penance.
1b) A son of Pulaha and Kṣamā; married Sruti; son Śaṅkhapada and daughter Kāmyā; a Prajāpati; a sage by tapas and a devaṛṣi;1 a pravara.2
1c) A Prajāpati: wife of Sinīvalī; had two daughters Samrāṭ and Kukṣi, besides ten sons.1 His wife left him for Soma. His world that of ājya pitṛs.2
1d) Also Śamkhapa; a Lokapāla.*
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Kardamas (Greek: Καρδαμάς) is a village and a community in the municipal unit of Amaliada, in Elis, Greece. It is located in the plains near the Ionian Sea, 3 km north of Douneika, 3 km southwest of Amaliada and 14 km northwest of Pyrgos. The community includes the small village Petroules. 
बाह्ली = बाह्लीक = बल्ख
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है .....बाह्ली = बाह्लीक = बल्ख (AS, p.627): वाल्मीकि रामायण उत्तर कांड 83,3 में प्रजापति कर्दम के पुत्र को बाह्ली का राजा कहा है--'श्रूयते ही पुरा सौम्य कर्दमस्य प्रजापते:, पुत्रो बाह्लीश्वर: श्रीमानिलोनाम सुधार्मिक:' महाभारत 51, 26 में बाह्ली का चीन के साथ उल्लेख है-- 'प्रमाणरागस्पर्शाढ्यं बाह्लीचीन समुद्भवान्'--
कर्दम ऋषि की उत्पत्ति सृष्टि की रचना के समय ब्रह्मा जी की छाया से हुई थी। ब्रह्मा जी ने उन्हें प्रजा में वृद्धि करने की आज्ञा दी। उनके आदेश का पालन करने के लिये कर्दम ऋषि ने स्वयंभुव मनु के द्वितीय कन्या देवहूति से विवाह कर नौ कन्याओं तथा एक पुत्र की उत्पत्ति की। कन्याओं के नाम कला, अनुसुइया, श्रद्धा, हविर्भू, गति, क्रिया, ख्याति, अरुन्धती और शान्ति थे तथा पुत्र का नाम कपिल था। कपिल के रूप में देवहूति के गर्भ से स्वयं भगवान विष्णु अवतरित हुये थे।
Aranya Kanda/Aranya Kanda Sarga 14 of Ramayana mentions that when Rama and the other two on their way to Panchavati come into contact with Jatayu, the mighty eagle. When Rama questions about its identity, Jatayu narrates the creation of animal species along with humans.
"Of them Kardama was there at first, and afterwards Sesha, and later Samshraya was there with many children and a vigorous one he was. Then Sthaanu, Mariichi, Atri, the great mighty one Kratu, Pulastya, Angira, Pracheta and Pulah were there. And oh, Raghava, Daksha, Vivaswan were while the other name of Vivasvan is Arishtanemi, and lastly the great resplendent Kashyapa, was there as Prajapati. [3-14-9] [3-14-7]"
- कर्दमः प्रथमः तेषाम् विकृतः तद् अनन्तरम् । शेषः च संश्रयः चैव बहु पुत्रः च वीर्यवान् ॥३-१४-७॥
- स्थाणुर् मरीचिर् अत्रिः च क्रतुः चैव महाबलः । पुलस्त्यः च अंगिराः चैव प्रचेताः पुलहः तथा ॥३-१४-८॥