In the seventh century the Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang witnessed their (Jats) settlement along the flat marshy lowlands which streches to some thousand li.  Ibn Hauqual mentions the area of their abode in between Mansura and Makran.  By the end of seventh century, Jats were thickly populated in Deybal region.  In the early eighth century, when the Arab commander Muhammad bin Qasim came to Sind, the Jats were living along both sides of the river Indus. Their main population was settled in the lower Sind, especially in the region of Brahmanabad (Mansura); Lohana (round the Brahmanabad) with their two territories Lakha, to the west of Lohana and Samma, to the south of Lohana; Nerun (modern Hyderabad); Dahlilah; Roar and Deybal.
In the Chachnama we find frequent mention of a chief Agham Lohana who was ruler of Brahmanabad with their two territories Lakha to the west of Lohana and Samma to the south of Lohana (Nerron) Narayankot Hyderabad, Sindh in the time of Chach 636 AD.
Rajatarangini tells us....After Kularaja murdered Sujji, there were further disturbances and murders.....The soldiers who were sent by the king of Kashmir, in their fury, killed Sujji's servants, great and small, who displayed befitting valor. Lakshaka, the younger brother of Sujji, was taken, bound, and some cruel men, on seeing the king angry, killed him in the court-yard of the palace. Sankata, son of Lakshaka's father's brother, and a worthy man, limped like an actor in the king's court-yard and yielded his life as he should have done. His mad brother Mummuni, as he entered the house, was, by some wicked men of the line of Vāṇa, killed in his own house. Chitriya, Sujji's wife's brother, born of noble family, was killed by red lead ( poison ). The wounded door-keeper named Sangika was slowly killed and the other dependants of Sujji were killed in different places. (p.193-194) (Lakshaka→Lakha)
Rajatarangini tells us....The king wished to imprison the haughty Lakshaka the charioteer, son of Prayaga's sister, but he escaped and went to Sussala. Then after killing many men, the king entered the capital and gave audience to the citizens who became vexed with him without cause. Even when the king spoke reasonably, the evil-minded citizens silenced him. There is no medicine for those who are bent on rebellion. (p.78)
Eran Posthumous Stone Pillar Inscription of Goparaja GE 191 (510-511 CE)
- Ôm! In a century of years, increased by ninety-one; on the seventh lunar day of the dark fortnight of (the month) Srâvana; (or in figures) the year 100 (and) 90 (and) 1; (the month) Srâvana; the dark fortnight; the day 7: —
- (Line 2.)—(There was) a king, renowned under the name of . . . . râja, sprung from the . . laksha (?) lineage; and his son (was) that very valorous king (who was known) by the name (of) Mâdhava.
- (L. 3.)— His son was the illustrious Gôparâja, renowned for manliness; the daughter's son of the Sarabha king; who is (even) now (?) the ornament of (his) lineage.
- (L. 5.) — (There is) the glorious Bhanugupta, the bravest man on the earth, a mighty king, equal to Pârtha, exceedingly heroic; and, along with him, Gôparâja followed . . . . . . . . . . (his) friends (and came) here. [And] having fought a very famous battle, he, [who was but little short of being equal to] the celestial [king (Indra)], (died and) went to heaven; and (his) devoted, attached, beloved, and beauteous wife, in close companionship, accompanied (him) onto the funeral pyre.
- From: Fleet, John F. Corpus Inscriptionum Indicarum: Inscriptions of the Early Guptas. Vol. III. Calcutta: Government of India, Central Publications Branch, 1888, 93.
Notes by Wiki editor -
- Lakha/Lakhi - Here the name of grandfather of Goparaja is missing but his lineage is from Laksha indicates he is probably of Lakha/Lakhi/Lakhanwal clan which is a Jat Clan. Lakhlan (लाखलान) Lakhilan (लाखीलान) Lakhi (लाखी) is gotra of Jats found in Distt Sikar and Hanumangarh in Rajasthan. Also found in Haryana. This gotra has originated from place called Lakhi Jungle (लाखी जंगल). They were branch of Chauhans.
- Śarbharāja - He was the maternal grandfather of Goparaja, the feudatory chief of king Bhanugupta. Sarabha is the name of a people and also refers to a fabulous animal supposed to have eight legs and to inhabit the snowy mountains; it is represented as stronger than the lion and the elephant. The name may literally mean 'a king of the Sarabha people'. It may also be treated as a name based on an animal.  In freedom movement of India we find name of Kartar Singh Sarabha, who led Ghadr Party along with Sardar Ajit Singh.
- O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.58,s.n. 2212
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ल-70
- Beal, op. cif., II, p. 273; Walters, op. cit., II, p. 252.
- Ibn Hauqal, Ed. Vol.I, p.40
- Encyclopedia of Islam, vol.II, p.488
- Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII (i), pp. 193-194
- Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII, p.78
- Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 279
- Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Names of Feudatory Kings and High Officers, p.44
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