Ogra

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Ogra (ओगरा) Ogara (ओगरा) Oghara (ओघरा) Ogar (ओगर) Ugra (उग्रा) is a gotra of Jats in Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Origin

They are probably originated from Rishi Ugraka (उग्रक). [1]

History

Rajatarangini[2] tells us that in the history of Kashmir King Gokarna was succeeded by his son Narendriditya otherwise called Khingkhila. He set up a god named Bhutesvara, and a goddess Akshayini. His religious instructor was Ugra, who set up another god Ugresha, and ten goddesses who were called Matri Chakra.

In Mahabharata

Aswamedha Parva, Mahabharata/Book 14 Chapter 8 mentions Ugra as protectors of gold mines of Kuvera as under:

"Samvarta said, "There is a peak named Munjaban on the summits of the Himalaya mountains, where the adorable Lord of Uma (Mahadeva) is constantly engaged in austere devotional exercises. ...And, O foremost of conquerors, on all sides of that mountain, there exist mines of gold, resplendent as the rays of the sun. And O king, the attendants of Kuvera, desirous of doing good to him, protect these mines of gold from intruders, with uplifted arms. Hie thee thither, and appease that adorable god who is known by the names of ....Ugra, Sthanu, Siva, Rudra etc. This is made clear in shloka 18 and 28:
वराय सौम्य वक्त्राय पशुहस्ताय वर्षिणे
हिरण्यबाहवे राजन्न उग्राय पतये थिशाम (MBT:XIV.8.18)
विरूपाक्षं थश भुजं तिष्यगॊवृषभध्वजम
उग्रं सदाणुं शिवं घॊरं शर्वं गौरी शमीश्वरम (MBT:XIV.8.28)

Mahabharata mentions Ugra as one of the seven brothers of Duryodhana, slain by Bhima on Day 4 of Kurukshetra War .[3]

Bhim Singh Dahiya [4], the Jat historian, quotes Parashara Smriti which maintains that the people called Ugras were produced from Vaishya-Ambastha girls by royal males; and these Ugras were called Rajputs.[5] (अयं च भाषायां राजपूत इति प्रसिद्ध:) This theory however is as baseless as any other. Of course there were inter-marriages with the local Indian families but to suggest that the birth of a whole caste took place from such marriages is sheer impossibility. And on the other hand we have the Uighur or Ugrian people in Central Asia. How do we account for their origin?

Bhim Singh Dahiya relates the Ugra people with Uighur/Ugrian of Central Asian people.[6] He writes that Skanda Purana mentions that the two warriors called Ugra and Mayura attacked the capital of Indra. Here, as in the other Purana, the name of Mura is Sanskritised into Mayura. The second name Ugra, is again a tribal name, the Ugrians of Greek writers, and the present Uighur of Soviet Central Asia. [7]

Villages founded by Ogra

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Gurdaspur district

Ogra named village is in Gurdaspur tahsil of Gurdaspur district in Punjab, India.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Khatipura,

Villages in Jaipur district

Lopodiya (1), Bhooratiya (1), Mauzamabad, Meerapura,

Villages in Nagaur district

Kheri, Khardiya Makrana, Khunkhuna, Koliya, Mundakheri, Rohina,

Villages in Baran district

Ogar,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Ogar: Ratlam (10, Ogara: Jamthun (7), Oghara: Ratlam (1),

Villages in Indore district

Manpur, Durjanpura,

Notable persons

  • Ram Chandra Singh Ogra - Rajasthan Forest Service, ACF, Anupgarh, Mob-9414730456. From village Mundakheri, Nagaur
  • Ram Singh Ogra - Adhyaksh, Kshatriya Jat Mahasabha, Manpur, Indore, Mob:9993695553[8]

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, pp.223-224
  2. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book I]],pp.22-23
  3. Kurukshetra War Day-4
  4. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Relationship with the Aryans, p.109
  5. Y.P. Sastri, JKI, p, 51
  6. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix II, p. 330
  7. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Porus and the Mauryas, p.161-162
  8. Jat Vaibhav Smarika Khategaon, 2010, p. 66,107

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