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Genealogy of Suryavansha

Raghu (रघु) was a Suryavanshi king of the Ikshvaku dynasty. Raghu is best known today as the great-grandfather of Rama.

Jat Gotras from Raghu

Raghuvanshi (रघुवंशी) - Raghuvansi gotra Jats live in Muzaffarnagar, Meerut districts in Uttar Pradesh and Jaipur district in Rajasthan. They are descendants of Maharaja Raghu (रघु).[1]

The lineage

Khatvanga Ancestry in Bhagavata Purana

A number of Puranas, which include the Vishnu Purana, the Vayu Purana, the Linga Purana, mention Dirghabahu as the son of Dilipa and Raghu as the son of Dirghabahu. But the Harivamsha, the Brahma Purana and the Shiva Purana mention Raghu as son of Dilipa and Dirghavahu as his epithet.[2] The lineage described in the Raghuvamsha mention Dilipa as the father of Raghu. According to the Raghuvamsha, he was born to king Dilipa-2 and his queen Sudakshina. The lineage described in the Raghuvamsha mention Dilipa as the father of Raghu. According to most of the Puaranas, as well as Kalidasa, Raghu was succeeded by his son Aja, who was the father of Dasharatha, the father of Rama, Lakshmana, Bharata and Shatrughna.

According to Bhagavata Purana The ancestry of Raghu is as under:

Khatvanga (खट्वांग) → DirghabahuRaghuAjaDasharathaRama + Lakshmana + Bharata + Satrughna

Dasharatha Ancestry in Bhagavata Purana

Life of Raghu

The warrior Raghu Gopal leads a military expedition to Transoxiana. He defeats and subjugates local peoples along the way (presumably on his march through Central Asia) until he reaches the Vankshu or Caksu, the Vedic/Puranic names of the Oxus River. There, Raghu's army battles the Hepthalites, or White Huns, whom the Indians called Hunas and Mlecchas (barbarians). The Hepthalites are defeated, and the Raghuvamsha boasts of "The exploits of Raghu, whose valor expressed itself amongst the husbands of the Huna women, became manifest in the scarlet color of their cheeks."

Raghu was a great donor. It is said that no one returns from his palace empty-handed.

After crossing the Oxus, Raghu and his army encountered the Kambojas, an ancient Iranian people often mentioned in Indian texts. The Kambojas submitted to Raghu and offered him gifts and treasures. Evidently, the Kambojas dwelt in the vicinity of the Pamirs. Kalidasa describes the preponderance of walnut trees in the Oxus country and indeed, this particular region is still known for the cultivation of walnuts.

Raghu's father Dilipa was a very pious king, and performed as many as 100 yajnas or sacrificial rituals. Until he did so, only Indra, king of the Gods, had earned that distinction. In a bid to prevent Dilipa from equalling his record, Indra placed many hurdles in the path of the successful completion of the 100th sacrifice, but Raghu was able to prevail over the forces of Indra himself, and the sacrifice was completed successfully.

Raghu is best known today as the great-grandfather of Rama. There are indications that in the classical period, Raghu was a heroic personality of far greater importance that what one would imagine today. The mahakavya (epic) composed by the classical poet Kalidasa on the lives of the ancestors of Rama is entitled Raghuvamsha or the "Dynasty of Raghu". Indeed, Rama himself is known by many appellations (such as Raghava, Raghunandan and Raghukula Nayaka), indicative of his belonging to the family of Raghu, which again serves to underscore the great prestige enjoyed by Raghu in the puranic era.


  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihasa (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 279
  2. Misra, V.S. (2007). Ancient Indian Dynasties, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-413-8, pp.239-40

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