Meerut (मेरठ), (Urdu: میرٹھ) is a city, district headquarters and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh.
- 1 Variants of name
- 2 Location
- 3 Tahsils in Meerut district
- 4 Jat Gotras in Meerut district
- 5 Villages in Meerut Tahsil
- 6 Name Etymology
- 7 History
- 8 खांडववन
- 9 इतिहास
- 10 जाट जागृति में योगदान
- 11 Geography
- 12 Demographics
- 13 Industry
- 14 Jat Education Institutions
- 15 Notable Jats from Meerut district
- 16 External Links
- 17 References
Variants of name
It is an ancient city located 72 km (44 miles) north-east of New Delhi. Meerut also has one of the major Indian army garrisons/ cantonments in this part of the country.
Tahsils in Meerut district
Jat Gotras in Meerut district
Bamel, Bana, Barach, Dhaka, Dhankhar, Dharan, Gared, Galiyan, Ghanghas, Gulia, Jakhar, Jatain, Johiya, Kakran, Kaler, Kaliraman, Kalkal, Kashnay, Khare, Khatras, Ohlan, Punia, Panghal, Poras, Raghuvansi, Rathi, Saharan, Sangwan, Sehrawat, Siwach, Taliyan, Tomar, Vehan,
Villages in Meerut Tahsil
Aad, Afzalpur Pawati, Ahara, Ajnauli, Ajrara, Alamgir Pur, Alampur Buzurg, Allipur Jijmana, Amanullapur, Amehra Adipur, Aminagar urf Bhurbaral (CT), Amipur Nagola, Arnawali, Ataula, Atrara, Azampur, Badhala Kaithwara, Badholi, Badnoli, Bafar, Bahadarpur, Bahchaula, Bahrampur Khas, Bahrampur Morna, Bajaut, Banwaripur, Baram, Barhanpur, Basatikri, Bhadaura, Bhagwanpur, Bhagwanpur Chittawan, Bhagwanpur Khalsa, Bhavi, Bhawanpur, Bhurpur, Bijoli, Bohla, Chak Morna, Chandora, Chandsara, Chhajmalpur Urf Chhajupur, Chhattri, Chindori Khas, Chindori Patti Dalu, Chobla, Dadri, Dalampur, Damgarhi, Dastoi, Datavali Gesupur, Daulatpur Fakhrabad Urf Kayast, Dhadra, Dhanota, Dhilaura, Dhindala, Dhir Khera, Dilwara, Dimoli, डूंगर, Durjanpur, Faizabad Pachgaon, Fakharpur Kabatta, Fatehpur, Fatehpur Ambkhera, Gagaul, Gangheri, Gejha, Ghat, Govindpur, Govindpur Urf Ghasauli, Gyanpur, Hajipur, Hasanpur Qadim, Hasanpur Razapur, Idris Pur, Ikla, Incholi, Islamabad Chhilora, Itayira, Jalalpur, Jalaluddinpur Masoodpur Gawri, Jamalpur Majra, Jangethi, Jani Buzurg, Jani Khurd, Janjokhar, Jasora, Jasori, Jataula, Jatpura Meerut, Jithauli, Jogipura, Johra, Jurranpur, Kaili, Kaithwari, Kalanjari, Kalina, Kalyan Pur, Kamalpur, Kanauni, Kastala Shamshernagar, Kaul, Kazamabadgoon, Khajuri, Khandawali, Khanpur, Khanpur, Khardoni Shekhupur, Kharkhari, Kharkhauda, Kharkhoda (NP), Khaspur, Khawajahanpur, Khera Balrampur, Kheri Nizd Kalina, Kherki Muzakkipur, Khwajampur Majra, Kinannagar, Kishori, Kitholi, Kudhla, Kunkura, Kurali, Kuri, Ladpura, Laharra, Lahaurgarh, Mahroli, Mamipur, Mansabgarh, Masoori, Mau Khas, Medpur, Meerut (CB), Meerut (M Corp.), Mehpa, Mirpur, Mirpur Jakhera, Mirzapur, Mirzapur, Mohd.Pur Gumi, Mohdpur Dhumi, Mohiuddinpur (CT), Mohiuddinpur Lalsana, Morna, Mundali, Murlipur Phool, Muzaffarnagar Saini, Muzakkipur, Nagla Kaboolpur, Nagla Kumbha, Nagla Mal, Nagla Patu, Nagla Shekhu, Nangla Tashi, Nagli Azamabad, Nalpur, Nanu Fatahpur, Narahara, Narangpur, Nek, Pabla, Pachgaon Patti Amar Singh, Pachgaon Patti Sanwal, Pachpera, Panchi, Panchli Khurd, Pastra, Patti Kherki, Peepli Khera, Pepla, Puth Khas, Puthri, Raghunathpur, Rajpura, Rajpura, Rali Chauhan, Rampur Moti, Rasna Mohammadpur Akbarpur, Rasulpur Aurangabad, Rasulpur Dhantala, Rasulpur Dhaulri, Rasulpur Marhi, Rasulpur Rohta, Rasulpur Zahid, Rawa, Rukanpur, Ruknuddinpur Misri Urf Phaphun, Sadharanpur, Sadullapur Urf Chandpura, Salahpur, Salarpur Jalalpur, Saleh Nagar, Salempur, Sameypur, Sarawa, Satwai, Set Kuan, Sewalkhas(NP), Shafiabad Loti, Shahpur Jainpur, Shakarpur, Shaulana, Shekhpuri, Shipura, Sial, Sikhera, Sikri, Sindhawali, Sisola Buzurg, Sisola Khurd, Sisoli, Siwal Khas, Soharka, Tatina Sani, Thirot, Tikri, Timakia, Ukasia, Ukhleena, Uldeypur, Uldhan, Uplehra,
Ravana's wife Mandodari (in Ramayana) hailed from Meerut. The town may have derived its name from "Maya Rashtra", the capital of the kingdom owned by Mandodari's father Mayasura. Maya (मया) gotra Jats are found in Madhya Pradesh.
Meerut is famously associated with the Indian Revolution of 1857 against the British East India Company, when chants of popular Hindi slogan "Dilli Chalo" ("Let's march to Delhi!") were first raised here. Meerut cantonment is the place where the rebellion started when Hindu and Muslim soldiers were given rifle cartridges with a coating made of animal fat. The bullet wrapping was to be opened by mouth before use, which affected religious sensibilities of both Muslims and Hindus as the animal coating was alleged to be composed of pork and beef. Meerut leapt into international prominence during the revolution of 1857, when on 24 April, 1857, eighty-five troopers out of ninety of the third cavalry refused to touch the cartridges and after court martial, were sentenced to ten years imprisonment. This marked the beginning of a general movement of freedom from the British yoke, with the support of the civilian populace. Meerut is also famous in Indian history as one of the famous controversial case happened in India which is known as Meerut Conspiracy Case in the year 1929.
Sir H. M. Elliot Edited by John Dowson writes quoting the Yamini which says that, in his Twelfth Expedition A.H. 409 (1018-1019 AD) after passing by the borders of Kashmir, that is, close under the sub-Himalayan range, and crossing the Jumna, Mahmud of Ghazni takes Baran, which is the ancient name of the present Bulandshahr for which more modern authors, not knowing what " Baran" was, substitute "Mirat" — then Kulchand's fort, which is the Mahaban of the other — then crossing the Jumna he takes Mathura — and then recrossing the Jumna, he proceeds to Kanauj, and takes that and its seven detached forts, of which the ruins of some may still be traced. He then goes to Munj, " a city of Brahmans."
The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of British East India Company's army on the 10th of May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon erupted into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. The rebellion posed a considerable threat to Company power in that region, and it was contained only with the fall of Gwalior on 20 June 1858. The rebellion is also known as India's First War of Independence, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Revolt of 1857, and the Sepoy Mutiny.
विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर ने लेख किया है कि....खांडवप्रस्थ के स्थान पर पांडवों की इंद्रप्रस्थ नामक नई राजधानी बनने के पश्चात अग्नि ने कृष्ण और अर्जुन की सहायता से खांडववन को भस्म कर दिया था. इसमें कुछ अनार्य जातियाँ जैसे नाग और दानव लोगों का निवास था जो पांडवों की नई राजधानी के लिए भय उपस्थित कर सकते थे. तक्षकनाग इसी वन में रहता था और यहीं मयदानव नामक महान यांत्रिक का निवास था जो बाद में पांडवों का मित्र बन गया और जिसने इंद्रप्रस्थ में युधिष्ठिर का अद्भुत सभा भवन बनाया. खांडववन-दाह का प्रसंग महाभारत आदि पर्व 221 से 226 में सविस्तर वर्णित है. कहा जाता है कि मयदानव का घर वर्तमान मेरठ (मयराष्ट्र) के निकट था और खांडववन का विस्तार मेरठ से दिल्ली तक, 45 मील के लगभग था. महाभारत में जलते हुए खांडववन का बड़ा ही रोमांचकारी वर्णन है. (आदि पर्व 224,35-36-37). खांडववन के जलते समय इंद्र ने उसकी रक्षा के लिए घोर वृष्टि की किन्तु अर्जुन और क़ृष्ण ने अपने शस्त्रास्त्रों की सहायता से उसे विफल कर दिया.
भाड़ंग (चुरू) में इनके किले के खंडहर अभी भी मौजूद हैं। कहते है जब यह किला बनाया गया तब एक सारण गोत्र के जाट की बली दी गई थी। इस पर सारण और सहू लोगों में लड़ाई हुई जिसमें सारण विजई हुये। तब से सहू लोग गाँव छोडकर इधर-उधर चले गए। इनमे से कुछ बीबीपुर (जींद), मदनहेड़ी (हिसार) व रानीला (भिवानी) में बस गए। कुछ परिवार उत्तरप्रदेश के मेरठ जिले में आबाद हुये। कुछ मुसलमान बन गए जो अब शहीवाल पाकिस्तान में आबाद हैं। कुछ सिक्ख और बिश्नोई भी बन गए। 
जाट जागृति में योगदान
ठाकुर देशराज ने लिखा है....खंडेलावाटी इलाके को जगाने के लिए.... जुलाई सन् 1931 में बधाला की ढाणी में जोकि पलसाना से 2 मील के फासले पर अवस्थित है। एक विद्यालय खोला गया जिसके प्रथम अध्यापक पंडित ताड़केश्वर जी शर्मा बनाए गए। उनके विद्यालय में मास्टर लालसिंह और बलवंतसिंह जी मेरठ वालों ने काम किया।
Meerut is located at 28.98 N 77.7 E . It has an average elevation of 219 metres .
Meerut City is also the headquarters of Meerut district which consists of 1,025 villages with a population of around (3.44 million) according to the 1991 census. As of 2001 India census, Meerut had a population of 1,074,229. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Meerut has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 52%. In Meerut, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Meerut has one of the largest Muslim populations among the major cities of India(close to 45%). There is also a significant Christian population. Meerut was the site of one of India's worst communal riots during the 1980's.
Meerut City is famous for many types of industries. Meerut has seen a boom in the construction business as this city now has many buildings, shopping complexes and apartments. Meerut is the largest supplier of sports goods and also the largest manufacturer of musical instruments in India. It is also home to some prominent pharmaceuticals company of the region like Perk Pharmaceuticals Limited Perk Pharmaceuticals Limited, Mankind Pharma & Bestochem Pharma.
Jat Education Institutions
- Ch. Charan Singh University, Meerut [State University]
- Chhotu Ram Institute of Technology,CCS University Campus, Meerut
- Ch. Buddh Singh Memorial Kasimpur Kheri, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh,
- Jat College Mawana,
Notable Jats from Meerut district
- Dr Hari Singh Nalwa - The founder and Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. He is a Jat from Soop village of Meerut.
- Chitrangada Singh - Actress
- Raman Lamba (born on January 2, 1960 in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh) was an Indian cricket player.
- Hari Om Panwar - A famous poet from Meerut.
- Prithvi Singh Bedharak (चौधरी पृथ्वीसिंह बेधड़क) - A poet and folk-singer from village Shikopur (शिकोपुर) in Meerut district in Uttar Pradesh. He was born in Tanwar gotra Jat family.
- Praveen Kumar - Indian cricketer who has played One Day International cricket for his country and first-class cricket for Uttar Pradesh in India. He was born on 2 July 1986 in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh.
- Yuvika Chaudhary (Tomar) - is playing cameo in Shah Rukh Khan's latest movie Om Shanti Om where Deepika Padukone is playing lead actress role.
- Dhara Singh Sindhu(born:1896) (मास्टर धारासिंह सिंधु), from ----, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, was a social worker in Nagaur, Rajasthan.
- Mahendra Nath Shastri (born:1917) (चौधरी महेन्द्रनाथ शास्त्री), from ----, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, was a social worker in Nagaur, Rajasthan.
- Meerut at Wikipedia
- Official website of Meerut District
- Website of Choudhary Charan Singh University, Meetut
- AS (p.711)
- The history of India : as told by its own historians. Volume II/Note D. — Mahmud's Expeditions to India,p.458
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.256
- Dr. Jay Singh Sahu, Jat Samaj Agra, July 2015, p. 17
- Dr. Jay Singh Sahu, Jat Samaj Agra, July 2015, p. 17
- Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.444
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Meerut
- Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.189-190
- Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, 1949, p.199-200