Dhoon

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Dhoon (धून) or Dhun (धूण) is a Jat Gotra found in Nagaur district in Rajasthan.

Origin

Dhun Gotra originated from Dhunaji Bhatti, ancestor of Ranabai.

Genealogy of Dhunaji

Harji Ram Bhatti (founded Harnawa) → Dhunaji (founded Dhunasar, Dhoon gotra) → Jalam Singh → Ram Singh → Ram Gopal (w. Gangadevi Garhwal) → Ranabai (1504 -1570 AD)

Villages founded by Dhoon clan

History

Ranabai (रानाबाई) (1504-1570) was a Hindu Jat warrior girl and mystical poetess whose compositions are popular throughout Marwar region of Rajasthan, India. She is known as 'Second Mira of Rajasthan". She was a disciple of sant Chatur Das also known as Khojiji. Ranabai composed many poems (padas) in Rajasthani Language. [1]

Jalam Singh, grandfather of Ranabai, had two sons namely, Ramoji (elder) and Ram Gopal (younger). Ram Gopal was married to Gangabai of Garhwal Jat Gotra. He had one son - Buwanji and three daughters namely Dhaanibai, Ranabai and Dhapubai. Thus Ranabai was the daughter of Ram Gopal and his wife Gangabai. [2]

Jalam Singh was grandfather of Ranabai and was a powerful sardar of about twenty villages around Harnawa. He was under Bidiyasar Chaudhary of Khinyala. Jalam Sing used to collect tax (lagan) from farmers and deposited with Chaudhary of Khinyala, who in turn used to send the taxes to Delhi Badshah.[3]

Ranabai's father Ram Gopal, being younger, was not that popular. He was not educated and so was Ranabai.

Villages founded by Dhoon clan

Birth of Ranabai

Ranabai was born in the family of Chaudhari Jalam Singh of village Harnawa in Parbatsar pargana of Marwar. [4] Jalam Singh was a Hindu Jat chieftain of Ghana gotra. [5] Sagar Mal Sharma in his book 'Rajasthan Ke Sant' has mentioned that her father was Jalam Jat. [6] But as per Dr Pema Ram she was of Dhoon gotra Jat vansha. [7] According to Dr Pema Ram[8] Ranabai was born on vaishakh shukla tritiya somwar samvat 1561 (1504 AD). This is also clear from a doha by Birdhichand, which reads as under in Rajasthani Language:

पन्द्रह सौ इकसठ प्रकट, आखा तीज त्यौहार
जहि दिन राना जन्म हो, घर-घर मंगलाचार

According to Dr Pema Ram [9] Ranabai's father was Ram Gopal and Jalam Singh was his grandfather. This is also clear from a doha by Birdhi Chand, which reads as under in Rajasthani Language:

जाट उजागर धून जंग, नामी जालम जाट ।
बस्ती रचक ओ दौ विगत, गण हरनावो ग्राम ।।
जालम सुत रामो सुजन, जा का राम गोपाल ।
उनका पुत्र भुवन ओरू, बाई बुद्धि विशाल ।। [10]

According to Karnisharan Charan of village Indokli also, as mentioned in 'Bā Rānā Jas Bāīsī' (बा राना जस बाईसी), Ram Gopal was father of Ranabai:

पन्द्रह सौ इकसठ प्रत्यक्ष, तीज अक्षय त्यौहार ।
पिता राम गोपाल घर, राना को अवतार ।।[11]

Chandra Prakash Dudi in his book 'Shri Ranabai Itihas' writes that Ranabai's father was Ram Gopal. [12]

भाटी और धुणा

हरजीराम भाटी के दो बेटे थे । बड़ा कानाजी, छोटा धुणा जी। कानाजी एक संत बन गए,जबकि धुणा जी ने धुणासर गाँव बसाया जो कि आज भी है रामदेवरा से 8 कि. मी. दूर है क्योंकि हरजीराम भाटी हरनावा गाँव बसाया था जो की परबतसर में है । वो जैसलमेर से आये थे पोकरण के पास से जब वहा पर पर अकाल पड़ गया तब उनके गाँव ने मालवा (मंदसोर) जाने जाने की सोची क्योंकी हरजीराम भाटी सरदार थे जब उन्होंने यहाँ पर पानी देखा तो हरनावा गाँव बसाया धुणाजी को अपने पूर्वजो के गाँव देखने की इच्छा हुई तो वो जैसलमेर आये यहा उन्होंने (धुणाजी ने) धुणासर गाँव बसाया । लेकिन कुछ समय बाद हरनावा गाँव आ गये उनका बेटे का जालम सिंह था जालम सिंह के बेटे का नाम रामसिंह था रामसिंह के बेटे का नाम रामगोपाल था उनकी शादी गंगा देवी (गढ़वाल गोत्री ) से हुई उनकी बेटी रानाबाई का जन्म सम्वत 1561 (10 अप्रेल 1504) आखा तीज को हुआ इस तरह भाटी और धूण एक ही गोत्र है । [13]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Nagaur district

Dhoon gotra Jats are found in villages of Nagaur district:

Bherwas, Harnawa (50), Kiroda, Mamdoli (18), Sirsala,

Notable persons

See also

Ranabai

References

  1. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 40-41
  2. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 34
  3. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 34
  4. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 1992 (pp – 610)
  5. Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934, 1992 (pp – 610)
  6. Sagar Mal Sharma: 'Rajasthan Ke Sant', Part-1, Chirawa, 1997, p. 193
  7. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 39
  8. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 33
  9. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 34
  10. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 34
  11. Dr Pema Ram & Dr Vikramaditya Chaudhary, Jaton ki Gauravgatha (जाटों की गौरवगाथा), First Edition 2004, Publisher - Rajasthani Granthagar, Jodhpur, Ph 0291-2623933, p. 34
  12. Chandra Prakash Dudi: 'Shri Ranabai Itihas', Jaipur, 1999, p. 3
  13. Ranabai Ka Itihas Jat Samaj-July 2000, as told by Ramaram Dhun Pujjari of Ranabai Mandir Harnawa. JEETUTOMARJAT (talk) 12:59, 16 November 2012 (EST)

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