Garhwal

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Garhwal (गढवाळ)[1] Garhwal (गढवाल)[2] Gadhwal (गढवाळ) Garhauwalia (गाढौलिया) Gharhwal (घढ़वाल)[3] Gharwal (घरवाल)[4] gotra Jats are found in Uttar Pradesh, Punjab and Rajasthan. They were supporters of Tomar Confederacy. [5]

Origin

They are branch of Tomars. It is possible that people who came from Garhwal adopted their gotra based on it. They were the rulers at Garhmukteshwar. Hence the gotra.[6]


History

It is believed that Garhwal gotra of the Jats was named after the fact that these 52 chieftains of the Jats had 52 Garhs [fortresses], each chief with his own independent fortress (garh). Nearly 500 years ago, one of these chiefs, Ajai Pal, reduced all the minor principalities under his own sway, and founded the Garhwal kingdom.

According to Thakur Deshraj[7], during the period of Anangpal they were the rulers of Garhmukteshwar. One ancestor of Rajpal was Jat chieftain named Mukta Singh, who constructed the Garhmukteshwar fort. When Prithvi Raj became the ruler of Delhi he attacked Garhmukteshwar. There was a severe war and Garhwals were able to repel the army of Prithvi Raj Chauhan but the circumstances of that time forced them to move out from there and migrated to Rajasthan.

At Talawdi when there was war between Muhammad Ghori and Prithvi Raj, Jats attacked the army of Mughals but they did not support Prithvi Raj because he had occupied their state. One Jat warrior Puran Singh became General of the Army of Malkhan. Malkhan had become popular due to support of Puran Singh.

When Garhwals lost Garhmukteshwar, they came to Rajasthan and occupied Ker, Bhatiwar, Chhawsari etc near Jhunjhunu in 13th century. As per their bards when these people came to this place, Johiya, Mohiya Jats were the rulers of this area. Bhats have mentioned them as Tomars. When Muslim influence increased in this area they had wars with them as a result they moved from here to there. One of these groups moved to ‘Kuloth’, which was ruled by Chauhans.[8] After a war they occupied Kuloth. Sardar Kurdaram who was a descendant of Garhwals of Kuloth had been tehsildar of Nawalgarh.

It is also said that due to war from inside of the fort they were called Garhwals. Those who fought war from out side the fort were called ‘Bahrola’ or ‘Barola’. Those who fought on the gate were called ‘Falsa’ (local name for gate). It shows that this gotra is title based. [9]

Another view is that possibly they were Panduvansi or Kuntals. Bhats have mentioned them as Tomars and Tomars were also Panduvansi. [10]

Garhmukteshwar has also been mentioned in the Bhagvat Purana and the Mahabharata. It is said that it was a part of the ancient city of Hastinapur (the capital of the Kauravas). There was an ancient fort here, which was repaired by a Maratha leader named Mir Bhawan. The name of the place is derived from the great temple of Mukteshwar Mahadeva, dedicated to the goddess Ganga who is worshipped here in four temples, two situated on a high cliff and two blow it.

Villages founded by Garhwal clan

गढ़वाल गोत्र का इतिहास

गढ़वाल (c.13 ई.): गढ़मुक्तेश्वर का राज्य जब इनके हाथ से निकल गया, तो झंझवन (झुंझनूं) के निकटवर्ती-प्रदेश मे आकर केड़, भाटीवाड़, छावसरी पर अपना अधिकार जमाया। यह घटना तेरहवीं सदी की है। भाट लोग कहते हैं जिस समय केड़ और छावसरी में इन्होंने अधिकार जमाया था, उस समय झुंझनूं में जोहिया, माहिया जाट राज्य करते थे। जिस समय मुसलमान नवाबों का दौर-दौरा इधर बढ़ने लगा, उस समय इनकी उनसे लड़ाई हुई, जिसके फलस्वरूप इनको इधर-उधर तितर-बितर होना पड़ा। इनमें से एक दल कुलोठ पहुंचा, जहां चौहानों का अधिकार था। लड़ाई के पश्चात कुलोठ पर इन्होंने अपरा अधिकार जमा लिया। सरदार कुरडराम जो कि कुलोठ के गढ़वाल वंश-संभूत हैं नवलगढ़ के तहसीलदार हैं। यह भी कहा जाता है कि गढ़ के अन्दर वीरतापूर्वक लड़ने के कारण गढ़वाल नाम इनका पड़ा है। इसी भांति इनके साथियों में जो गढ़ के बाहर डटकर लड़े वे बाहरौला अथवा बरोला, जो दरवाजे पर लड़े वे, फलसा (उधर दरवाजे को फलसा कहते हैं) कहलाये। इस कथन से मालूम होता है, ये गोत्र उपाधिवाची है। बहुत संभव है इससे पहले यह पांडुवंशी अथवा कुन्तल कहलाते हों। क्योंकि भाट ग्रन्थों में इन्हें तोमर लिखा है और तोमर भी पांडुवंशी बताये जाते हैं। [11]


ठाकुर देशराज[12] ने लिखा है .... यदुवंश में एक गज हुआ है। जैन पुराणों के अनुसार गज कृष्ण का ही पुत्र था। उसके साथियों ने गजनी को आबाद किया। भाटी, गढ़वाल, कुहाड़, मान, दलाल वगैरह जाटों के कई खानदान गढ गजनी से लौटे हुए हैं।

Distribution in Rajasthan

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari, Jhotwara, Khatipura, Murlipura Scheme, Purani Basti, Sanganer, Shastri Nagar, Sindhi camp,

Villages in Jaipur district

Aliwas (Shivdashpura), Bhainsawa (50), Bhooratiya (6), Gopalpura Mandawari (1), Lordi, Manjipura, Nagari Dhandholi (1), Nayagaon (1), Parasoli, Ramchandrapura (1), Rupbas Kadeda (1), Shrirampura, Ursewa,

Villages in Alwar district

Bassai Jogiyan,

Villages in Sikar district

In Rajasthan they inhabit many villages in Sikar district which are:

Bajor, Bidsar, Dadhia, Daulatpura, Dhandhan (2), Dhani Garhwal, Dheerajpura, Fadanpura, Fatehpur, Gokulpura, Gumana Ka Bas (Katrathal), Jeenwas (55), Jhajhar Sikar, Jhigar Chhoti, Jhilmil, Jalu Ka Bas, Kanwarpura Srimadhopur (200), Katrathal, Khud, Kudan, Laxman Ka Bas, Molyasi, Neem Ki Dhani (Katrathal), Pratappura(Khuri), Ranoli, Rulyani, Sanwloda Purohitan, Sewad Badi, Sewad Chhoti, Sihot Chhoti, Sikar, Sirohi, Tasar Badi, Thikaria Bawdi, Thorasi, Tunwa,

Villages in Churu district

Bidasar, Gagor, Khyali, Sitsar, Sujangarh (2),

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Bajawa, Bhatiwar, Bhorki, Birol, Chandwa, Garhwalon Ki Dhani, Jakhal, Jhunjhunu Kolsia, Kuloth, Narhar, Sonasar, Sultana,

Villages in Nagaur district

Bagar Merta (1), Bagot, Bedas Khurd, Burod, Jodhras Degana, Jhunjharpura (2), Kasumbi, Mandal Jodha, Phirwasi (200), Rabdiyad, Rasal, Saniya,

Villages in Kota district

Kota,

Villages in Banswara district

Banswara,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Kikarali, Bojhla, Hanumangarh, Dhalewal, Maliya Nohar, Sangaria, Talwada Khurd,

Villages in Tonk district

Ganeti, Hajipura (4), Nimola (2), Wajirpura (3),

Villages in Bhilwara district

Garhwalon Ka Khera, Garoliya Khera,

Villages in Sawai Madhopur district

Juwaad ,Kushtala

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Fatehabad District

Bhodia Kheda,

Villages in Bhiwani District

Asalwas Mrehatta, Ratera, Dinod,

Villages in Hisar district

Sundawas,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Firozpur district

Killianwali,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Mandsaur District

Ranayra (Sitamau) (Mandsaur)

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Dantodiya 7, Hanumanpalia 2,

Notable persons from this clan

  • Dr. Om Prakash Garhwal - Asstt. Prof. SKRAU, Bikaner, Date of Birth : 1-June-1974, Vill- Manjipura (Jagatpura) Via - Samod Teh- Shahpura, Distt.-Jaipur, Present Address : Vill- Manjipura(Jagatpura) Via -Samod Teh- Sahapura, Distt.-Jaipur, Phone Number : 9414236210, Mob: 9414236210, Email Address : mr.garhwall@rediffmail.com
  • Amar Chand Gadhwal - A.En. PHED, Date of Birth : 1-February-1959, VPO - Jhigar Chhoti , distt. - Sikar, Present Address : Jat Colony,Near Flyover, Sikar, Phone Number : 01572-259955, Mob: 9414295298
  • Rameshwar Garhwal - RAS (2012), from Devipura Khatushyamji (Sikar) [13]
  • Suresh Kumar Garhwal - V /p Majipura Vaya Samod, Teh Shahpura jila Jaipur, Mo 9712909720
  • Basant Gadhwal: IRS, posted at Barmer, M: 9414888752
  • रामदेव सिंह गढ़वाल

References

External links


Back to Jat Gotras