Gurgaon (गुडगाँव) is a city and district in Haryana. Its anciant name was Gudapura (गुड़पुर). The district headquarter is situated in Gurgaon city. Other smaller towns are Nuh, Ferozepur Jhirka, Sohna, and Pataudi. Total area of the district is 2,105 sq km and its population is 11,46,000. City has been renamed as Gurugrama (गुरुग्राम) after its ancient name of Mahabharata period.
Village Gurgaon is situated in the centre of the city Gurgaon. It has a great history, related to the time of Mahabharata. Village Gurgaon formerly was also known as Gurugrama (गुरुग्राम) after the name of Guru Dronacharya. The Great Sheetla Mata Dham is also situated in Gurgaon Village. People from all over the India come to this temple.
Tahsils in Gurgaon district
Villages in Gurgaon tahsil
Adampur, Aklimpur, Allawardi, Babupur, Badshahpur, Bajghera, Basai, Basharia, Baskushla, Begampur Khatola, Behrampur, Bhang Rola, Bindapur, Budhera, Cartarpuri Alias Daulatpur Nasirabad, Chakarpur, Chandu, Choma, Danokri, Daultabad, Dhana, Dhankot, Dhanwanpur, Dharampur, Dhorka, Dhumaspur, Duman, Dundahera (CT), Fatehpur, Fazalwas, Fazilpur Jharsa, Gairatpurbas, Garhi Harsaru, Garoli Kalan, Garoli Khurd, Ghasula, Gopalpur, Gurgaon (M Cl) Haiderpur, Hamirpur, Harsaru, Hayatpur, Inayatpur, Islampur, Jataula, Kadipur, Kanahi, Kankrola, Khandsa, Kharki Majra Dhankot, Khawaspur, Mankrola, Medawas, Meoka, Mohammadpur Jharsa, Mohmadheri, Molahera, Naharpur Rupa, Nangli Umarpur, Narsinghpur, Nathupur, Navrangpur, Nawada Fatehpur, Nurpur Jharsa, Palra, Pathrari, Pawala Khasrupur, Rathiwas, Sadhrana, Sarhol, Shahpur, Shamshpur, Sihi, Sikanderpur Ghosi, Sukhrali, Tigra, Tikli, Tikri, Wazirabad, Wazirpur,
Gurgaon (गुड़गांव) is the sixth largest city in the Indian state of Haryana. According to 2007 India census, Gurgaon has a population of 2 million. Gurgaon has grown extensively during the last decade due to its proximity to Delhi and emergence as a major outsourcing destination and real estate market in northern India.
An important town in ancient Hindu mythology, Gurgaon is one of Delhi's four major satellite cities and is therefore considered to be a part of the National Capital Region of India.
The origins of the city's name are steeped in Hindu mythology. Legend has it that Gurgaon is the ancestral village of Guru Dronacharya, the teacher of the Pandavas and Kauravas in the Indian epic, Mahabharata. In the ancient times, the name Gurgaon was originally said to be "Guru-Gram". In the original Sanskrit language, Guru means "teacher", which in this case refers to (Guru Dronacharya) and Gram means a (village). The village was gifted by the Pandavas and Kauravas to their Guru Dronacharya, and was therefore known as Guru - Gram, (Village of the Guru). The sanskriticised "gram" was over a period of time rounded off to a colloquial "gaon" and hence the name to Gurgaon. But some believe that Yudhisthira gave this land to Guru Dronacharya for teaching warfare and use of arms to the five Pandavas when they were young. This was the place where Dronacharya taught archery to the Pandavas.
Since the Aryan migration through current times Gurgaon is dominated by the Jats race. Jats, like the citizens of ancient Roman alternated between farming and fighting for their lands in this part of the world for centuries. This fierce race had been the buffer by default shielding Hindus from foreign Islamic invasions from the west since the past ten centuries. Jats have cultivated and protected the lands in and between 'Punjab region' and 'doab' (two rivers Yamuna and Ganga - this region today includes New Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Pakistani Punjab, Pakistani Sindh). Research conducted during the British rule identified Jats as an integral and vital part of the history of India. In the Punjab region and present day Haryana Jats had long cultivated the lands and ardently protected the inhabitants ('Chattis Kaum' - thirty six communities) against the Islamic invasions from time to time. In addition, to the Jats today Gurgaon is inhabited by Ahirs, Gujars, Punjabis and a growing expatriot population from overseas.
Jat Gotras in Gurgaon district
- "Early Chauhan Dynasties" by Dasharatha Sharma, pp. 82
- 2001 census figures - official website of Gurgaon