Sinsinwar

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Maharaja Suraj Mal, most powerful Sinsinwar Ruler of Bharatpur

Sinsinwar (सिनसिनवार)[1] Sinsinwal (सिनसिनवाल)[2] Sanisanwar (सनीसनवार)[3] Sansanwal (सन्सनवाल) Sanawal (सनवाल) [4]Shanwal (शनवाल) is a gotra of the Jats found in Rajasthan,[5] Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Haryana. Sagiwal and Sanisarwal (सनिसरवाल) inhabiting Tonk and Jaipur districts are originally Sinsinwars.

Origin

This gotra originated from village Sinsini in Bharatpur district in Rajasthan. Sinsini village was named after Sinsina (सिनसिना) deva or Shini in Mahabharata. Its name was Shoorsaini founded by Maharaja Surasena. [6]


यदुवंश के शाखागोत्र - : 1. वृष्णि 2. अन्धक 3. हाला 4. शिवस्कन्दे-सौकन्दे 5. डागुर-डीगराणा 6. खिरवार-खरे 7. बलहारा 8. सारन 9. सिनसिनवाल 10. छोंकर 11. सोगरवार 12. हांगा 13. घनिहार 14. भोज[7]

History

Ram Swarup Joon[8] writes about Chhonkar and Sansanwal: This is the gotra of the Bharatpur ruling dynasty. Their original gotra is Yadu. As they settled down in a village called Sansani, they became known as Sansanwal. They raised their voice against the atrocities of Aurangzeb, protected the Hindu Dharma and established a new capital. One Yaduvanshi ancestor belonging to this gotra, named Brij Raj ruled over the territory called Brij after his name. These people had returned home from Dwarka and their capital was Mathura, in the 64th generation of King Brij Raj.


Hukum Singh Panwar writes that The Bharatpur rulers of Sinsinwar gotra have originated from Shini in the ancestry of Krishna. [9]

Hukum Singh Panwar[10] has given the ancestry of Bharatpur rulers starting from 1. Yadu. Shini is at S.No. 38 and Krishna at S.No. 43 as under[11]:

1. Yadu ..... → 34. Andhaka → 35. Bhajmana → 36. Viduratha → 37. Shura → 38. Shini → 39. Bhoja → 40. Hardika → 41. Devamidha → 42. Vasudeva → 43. Krishna → 44. Pradyumna

This gotra Jats are found in Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh in India. Sinsinwars were the rulers of princely state Bharatpur. Before the formation of Bharatpur state the capital of Sinsinwars was at Sinsini. This was the gotra of Maharaja Suraj Mal of Bharatpur. Many Sinsinwars use Faujdar as their surname. Karauli city was founded by Sinsinwars.

Sinsini earlier was known as 'Shoorsaini' and its inhabitants were known as Saursen. The influence of Saursen people can be judged from the fact that the dialect of the entire north India at one time was known as 'Saursaini'.

Shoor Sain people were Chandravanshi. Lord Krishna was also born in vrishni branch of Chandravansh. A group of Yadavas was follower of Shiva and Vedic God in Sindh. Some inscriptions and coins of these people have been found in 'Mohenjo Daro'. ' Shiv Shani Sevi' words have been found engraved on one inscription. Yajur Veda mentions 'Shinay Swah'. 'Sini Isar' was found on one gold coin. Atharva Veda mentions 'Sinwali' for Sini God.

The above group of Yadavas came back from Sindh to Brij area and occupied Bayana in Bharatpur district. After some struggle the 'Balai' inhabitants were forced by Shodeo and Saini rulers to move out of Brij land and thus they occupied large areas. 'Saur Saini' was changed to 'ShinShoor' or 'Sinsini' after their God 'Shin'. These people of Sinsini were called Sinsinwar. One of their groups moved to Sugrivgarh and they were known as 'Sugrivgadhia' or 'Sogdians'.

Faujdar was a title awarded by Muslim rulers to people who had responsibility of protecting some territory. Sogarwar, Chahar, Sinsinwar, Kuntal etc Jat gotra people use this title.

Villages founded by Sinsinwar clan

Mention in Indian epics

Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 Shloka 12 states that -

अदितिर देव माता च हरीः शरीः सवाहा सरस्वती
उमा शची सिनीवाली तदा चानुमतिः कुहूः
राका च धिषणा चैव पत्न्यश चान्या दिवौकसाम ।।12।।

Bhagawata Purana:

Ancestry of Sini as per Bhagavata Purana

'A study of the Bhagavata Purana; or, Esoteric Hinduism' by Purnendu Narayana Sinha, pp 222 mentions that Sini was son of Bhojamata. Shini's son was Bhoja.[12] Hukum Singh Panwar writes that In the 38th generation of Yadu was born Shini. [13] Sinsinwar has thus originated from Shini.

Jat clans linked with Kushan

डॉ धर्मचंद विद्यालंकार [14] लिखते हैं कि कुषाणों का साम्राज्य मध्य-एशिया स्थित काश्गर-खोतान, चीनी, तुर्किस्तान (सिकियांग प्रान्त) से लेकर रूस में ताशकंद और समरकंद-बुखारा से लेकर भारत के कपिशा और काम्बोज से लेकर बैक्ट्रिया से पेशावर औए मद्र (स्यालकोट) से मथुरा और बनारस तक फैला हुआ था. उस समय मथुरा का कुषाण क्षत्रप हगमाश था. जिसके वंशज हगा या अग्रे जाट लोग, जो कि कभी चीन की हूगाँ नदी तट से चलकर इधर आये थे, आज तक मथुरा और हाथरस जिलों में आबाद हैं. आज भी हाथरस या महामाया नगर की सादाबाद तहसील में इनके 80 गाँव आबाद हैं. (पृ.19 )

कुषाणों अथवा युचियों से रक्त सम्बन्ध रखने वाले ब्रज के जाटों में आज तक हगा (अग्रे), चाहर, सिनसिनवार, कुंतल, गांधरे (गांधार) और सिकरवार जैसे गोत्र मौजूद हैं. मथुरा मेमोयर्स के लेखक कुक साहब ने लिखा है कि मथुरा जिले के कुछ जाटों ने अपना निकास गढ़-गजनी या रावलपिंडी से बताया है. कुषाण साम्राज्य के अधिकांश क्षेत्र में जाटों की सघन जन संख्या उनको कुषाण वंसज होना सिद्ध करती है.(पृ.20)


फौजदार उपाधि

फौजदार - यह उपाधि मुगल शासनकाल में उन शाही उच्च अधिकारियों को दी जाती थी जो कई परगनों या प्रान्त की शासन व्यवस्था करते थे। जाटों को यह उपाधि भरतपुर नरेश महाराजा सूरजमल ने देनी आरम्भ की थी। प्राचीन राजवंशज जाट जो महाराजा की सेना में बड़ी संख्या में भरती थे, उनको महाराजा सूरजमल ने यह फौजदार की उपाधि प्रदान की थी। भरतपुर के सभी सिनसिनवार गोत्र के जाट, अलीगढ, मथुरा के खूंटेल (कुन्तल), डागुर, चाहर, गंड और भगौर गोत्रों के जाट फौजदार कहलाते हैं।[15]

Sinsinwar Bhat

  • Sinsinwar: Court-poet Somnath, Bhat - Udai Ram,

Distribution in Rajasthan

Sinsinwar Khap has 235 villages in Bharatpur district. [16]

Locations in Jaipur city

Sagiwal and Sanisarwal inhabiting Tonk and Jaipur districts are originally Sinsinwars.

Sanwal Jats are found in following colonies in Jaipur:

Bani Park, Himmat Nagar, Shanti Nagar, Tonk Road,

Sinsinwars live in colonies: Bani Park, Durgapura, Gopalpura Bypass, Gujar ki Thadi, Jhotwara, Krishnpuri, Mahavir Nagar I, Mansarovar Murlipura Scheme, Panipech, Triveni Nagar,

Villages in Jaipur district

Basai Bhaloji, Bokarawas,

Villages in Bharatpur district

Aajau, Astavan Jadid, Awar, Bachhamadi, Badha, Bahaj, Barkhera Faujdar, Bedham Beelauth, Bharatpur, Bhutoli, Borai, Boshai, Dahra, Dantlothi, Deeg, Dehawa Dhanwara, Gadoli, Garauli, Gudawali Nadbai, Halena, Hantra, Hathaini, Januthar, Jatoli, Jatoli Thoon, Jhaurol, Kamalpura, Kareeli Kasot, Katra, Khanswara, Kheri Devisingh , Khohra, Kila, Kumha, Kumhan, Kumher, Lakhanpur, Lalpura, Madapura , Mahloni, Mahravra, Mai, Nadbai, Nagla Bartai, Nagla Lakhan, Nagla Nathu Ram, Naraina, Nigohi, Pathena, Pathena, Peeraka, Pichoomar Pidawali, Piprau, Raisees, Randheergarh, Sabora (Kumher), Sarsena, Shees Bada, Sihi, Sinsini, Sundrawali, Thairawar, Unch, Vijwari, Vaulkhera,

Villages in Sikar district

Maroli Kalan, Tajsar,

Villages in Alwar district

Garoo, Gurjar Sonkh, Haldeena, Kerwa Jat, Khudiyana, Leeli, Pinan, Resti, Reta Kathumar, Sonkh Alwar,

Villages in Tonk district

Sagiwal and Sanisarwal (सनिसरवाल) inhabiting Tonk and Jaipur districts are originally Sinsinwars.

Adoosya (4), Bhadu Ka Khera, Datob Ganwar, Jamdoli,

Sanisarwal Jats live in villages:

Bapdunda (7), Sahalsagar (1),

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Sangaria,

Villages in Chittorgarh district

Sahnawa,

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Sinsinwar Khap has 18 villages in Agra district. [17] ...

Villages in Mathura district

Bhaderua , Daulatpur Banger , Dhana Teja, Hasanpur, Jatipura, Malsarai, Neem Gaon,

Villages in Aligarh district

Talesar,Chhoti Ballabh,

Villages in Gautam Budh Nagar district

Chipiyana Buzurg,

Villages in Ghaziabad district

Ghaziabad

Villages in Agra district

Tikari (1),

Villages in Firozabad district

Armarajat (Shikohabad),

Distribution In Haryana

Villages In Bhiwani Distict

Patuwas-Mahrana(पातुवास-महराणा), Patuwas (पातुवास), Khedi Sanwal (खेड़ी सनवाल), Pur (Near Bawani Khera),

Villages In Sonepat District

Khandrai (t. Gohana]], Nijampur (t.Gohana]],

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Nimach district

Nimach (2),

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of this gotra are:

Barbad 1, Kanser 1, Karmadi 1, Ratlam 14,

Villages in Dhar district

Naibaroda,

Villages in Indore district

Julwaniya,

Villages in Gwalior district

Birlanagar (Gwalior), Morar (Gwalior),

Villages in Delhi

Katwaria Sarai

Notable persons from the clan

Bharatpur Sinsinwar rulers

Others notable Sinsinwars

  • Ramchandra Singh Sinsinwar Jatipura
  • Smt. Krishnendra Kaur Deepa - MLA from Nadbai constituency.
  • Vinod Kumar Shanwal - Scientist, The Week magazine selected him in list of 25 "Emerging Indians 2007" in August 2007.
  • Surendra Singh Sabora- 1st Officer in Rajasthan Administrative Service(1962)
  • Deep Singh, RAS, Vill.& P. O. - Dantlothi, Tehsil - Deeg, Distt. - Bharatpur ( Rajasthan ).
  • Vijay Pal Singh (Sinsinwar)- RAS Rajasthan, Present Address : B-620, Shiv Marg , Bani Park , Jaipur, Phone: 0141-2208081, Mob: 9929108338, Email: vp_golu@hotmail.com
  • Col. Ajay Pal (Sinsinwar) - Bharatpur, Rajasthan
  • Havildar Sahab Singh
  • Bhim Singh (Sinsinwar) - RAS Home District Bharatpur, Rajasthan, Date of Birth : 27-October-1957, Vill - Pidawali,Po- Khora, Bayana, Bharatpur,Present Address : A-32, Nityanand Nagar, Queens Road, Jaipur,Phone: 0141-2352566, Mob: 9001099999
  • Roria Singh Jat - Warrior of 1635 AD.
  • Shaheed Jeet Singh Sansanwal - A road in Katwaria Sarai, New Delhi- 110016 is named after him.
  • Balbir Singh Sinsinwar - RAS (2007).From village Sarsaina in Bharatpur district in Rajasthan.
  • Babu Singh (Sinsinwar) - Distt. Judge (Retd.) RJS, Date of Birth : 1-February-1938,VPO - Pathena, Distt. -Bharatpur, Present Address : 8/240, Vidyadhar Nagar, Jaipur, Phone: 0141-2335589
  • Balbir Singh (Sinsinwar) - CTO (Retd.), Commercial Taxes , Date of Birth : 1-August-1935, Vill.- Barkhera Fauzdar, Po& Teh.- Nagar, Distt.- Bharatpur, Present Address : 196, Gayatri Nagar-A, Maharani Farm, Jaipur, Rajasthan, Phone: 0141-2761608
  • Santosh Kumar (Sinsinwar) - RJS, Date of Birth : 6-April-1982, VPO - Borai, Teh. - Kumher, Bharatpur, Present Address : jr-3/2, civil line, Ganganagar, Phone : 0154-2474666, Mob: 9460173690, Email: skumar.rjs@gmail.com
  • Satish Kumar-Raj. Accounts Services,resident of Vill.-Gudawali, District- Bharatpur,Mob.No.9414655130
  • Satyapal Singh (Sinsinwar) - RPS,Date of Birth : 15-August-1958, Home District : Bharatpur, Address: 150, Gopal Vihar-2, Baran Road, Kota (Raj), Phone : 0744-2325588, Mob: 9414262578, Email: singhisqueen06@gmail.com
  • Natthi Singh (Ex. Revenue Minister, Rajasthan) hails from Bharatpur. Now resides in Jaipur.
  • Mr. B. S. Sinsinwar - Govt. Service, Asst. Acctts. Officer, Urban Development, 1-N CGH Complex, Vasant Vihar, New Delhi, 011-26149313 NCR (PP-733)
  • Shri. Vishal Singh Sunsunwal - 63/4, Mehrauli, Near Lower Jatwara ( Jaton Ki Chupad) New Delhi - 110030, 011- 26645224, Mob: 9899686661, 9250056661, Email: vishalsunsunwal@hotmail.com/yahoo.co.in/gmail.com, Skype id: jatram27, Facebook: VishalSinghSunsunwal
  • Naresh Singh Sinsinwar was a Martyr of Kargil War from Uttar Pradesh. He belonged to village Chhoti Ballabh in Iglas tehsil of Aligarh district in Uttar Pradesh.
  • Vijay Pal Singh I (Sinsinwar)- RAS Rajasthan, (DR-89/Bharatpur), DOB - o8/02/1965, RAS 1989 batch, Director, Horticulture Dept. Jaipur, From Bharatpur, President of RAS Association also . M: 9929108338

See also

विशाल सिंह सनसनवाल @ फौजदार ६३/४ महरौली, न्यू दिल्ली ११०० ३०" मोबाइल - ९८९९६८६६६१

External links

References

  1. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), p.243, s.n.206
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-44
  3. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.62,s.n. 2442
  4. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu,p.60, s.n. 2356
  5. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 282
  7. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ.187
  8. Ram Swarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V,p. 78
  9. Hukum Singh Panwar: The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/Appendices/Appendix No.1
  10. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/Appendices/Appendix No.1
  11. Yadu Vamsavali of Bharatpur given by Ganga Singh in his book 'Yadu Vamsa', Part 1, Bharatpur Rajvansa Ka Itihas (1637-1768), Bharatpur, 1967, pp. 19-21
  12. A study of the Bhagavata Purana; or, Esoteric Hinduism by Purnendu Narayana Sinha, p. 222
  13. http://www.jatland.com/home/The_Jats:Their_Origin,_Antiquity_and_Migrations/Appendices/Appendix_No.1#Appendix_NO.1.
  14. Jat Samaj:11/2013,pp 19-20
  15. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter II, p-85
  16. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  17. Jat Bandhu, Agra, April 1991
  18. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, p.38
  19. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, p.39
  20. Thakur Deshraj:Jat Jan Sewak, p.39

Further reading

  • Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Delhi, 1934
  • Kishori Lal Faujdar: Jat Samaj, Agra, August 2001, Rajasthan ke Madhyakalin Jatvans.
  • Dr. Raj Pal Singh, Rise of the Jat Power, (1988), Delhi.

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