Hari

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Hari (हरी)[1] Hariwar (हरीवार)/ Hariwal (हरीवाल)[2] is gotra of Jats found in Distt Kurukshetra, Jind in Haryana, and Multan area in Pakistan. Hariwar live in Uttar Pradesh. [3] Hari clan is found in Afghanistan.[4] Hari (हरी) Jat clan is found in Multan.[5]

Origin

  • Hari Jats are descendants of Raja Hiranya Varma (हिरण्यवर्मा). [6]
  • Hari River may give name to the clan. Hari River or Harirud (Pashto: هری‌رود‎ Harī Rūd) is a river flowing 1100 kilometers from the mountains of central Afghanistan to Turkmenistan, where it disappears in the Kara-Kum desert. Rud means "river" in Pashto.

History

Hari clan Jats gave their name to the Haryanaka dynasty of pre-historic India, to the present state of Haryana" and also to certain towns in Punjab. [7]

Hari (हरि), a tribe of Jats found in Jind. They have a jathera at Shadi Hari and out of a pond there cast seven handfuls of earth at the Diwali in his name. [8]

Rajatarangini[9] mentions in the reign of Kshemagupta, King of Kashmir, Among the courtiers, Hari and Dhurjati were prevented by their mother from bringing their wives, to the king, and so they became beggars.

Hariraja was king of Kashmir for 22 days in 1028 AD. Book VII (p.177) (HarirajaHari)

In Indian epics

In Ramayana

Aranya Kanda/Aranya Kanda Sarga 14 mentions that Rama on their way to Panchavati come into contact with Jatayu. When Rama questions about its identity, Jatayu narrates the creation of animal species along with humans, and informs Rama that he is a friend of King Dasharatha and would like to help Rama in exile.

Then Bhadramanda gave birth to the girl named Iravati and her son is elephant the great, Airavata, the protector of world. [3-14-24]
ततः तु इरावतीम् नाम जज्ञे भद्रमदा सुताम् । तस्याः तु ऐरावतः पुत्रो लोकनाथो महागजः ॥३-१४-२४॥
And Hari's offspring are lions and sagely/mighty monkeys, while Sharduulii gave birth to baboons and tigers.
हर्याःहरयो अपत्यम् वानराः च तपस्विनः । गोलांगूलाः च शार्दूली व्याघ्राम् च अजनयत् सुतान् ॥३-१४-२५॥


Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 41 mentions that Sugreeva sends Vanara-s to southward which troop includes Hanuman, Jambavanta, Nila and others and Angada is its leader. Sugreeva gives a vivid picture of the southern side of Jambu dviipa up to the south-most part of passable regions, next to which the abode of Yama, the Terminator is there. This troop is also given one month's time to find the whereabouts of Seetha.

Sugreeva made the formidably mighty Angada as the chief of those valiant vanaras forming search party and ordered southern direction for them. [4-41-6]

तेषाम् अग्रेसरम् चैव बृहद् बलम् अथ अंगदम् ।
विधाय हरि वीराणाम् आदिशद् दक्षिणाम् दिशम् ॥४-४१-६॥

Kishkindha Kanda Sarga 42 mentions that Sugreeva sends troops to west side to search for Seetha under the leadership of Sushena, the father of lady Tara. Describing the various provinces like Surashtra, Balhika and Chandrachitra (Mathura), Western Ocean, River Sindhu and magnificent mountains that are situated at the northwest of India, cities like Murachi, Jatapura, Avanti and Angalepa and also the ocean down south to it, namely the present Arabian Sea and almost up to Persian provinces, he orders monkey troops to return within one month's time.

"Oh, best monkeys, conduct search in the Surashtra, Bahlika and Chandrachitra provinces, including their extensive and delightful rural areas and spacious cities, as well as in their woods with Punnaaga trees, areas filled with Vakula, and Uddalaka trees and in their interiors, and even in the thickets of Ketaka trees. (4.42.6b, 7, 8a)"
सौराष्ट्रान् सह बाह्लीकान् चंद्रचित्रान् तथैव च ॥४-४२-६॥
स्फीतान् जन पदान् रम्यान् विपुलानि पुराणि च ।
पुंनाग गहनम् कुक्षिम् वकुल उद्दालक आकुलम् ॥४-४२-७॥
तथा केतक खंडान् च मार्गध्वम् हरि पुंगवाः ।

In Mahabharata

In Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 9, Sanjaya narrates the names of all the Varshas, and of all the mountains, and also of all those that dwell on those mountains. Sanjaya tells that on the south of Sweta and the north of Nishadha, is the Varsha, called Romanaka. ... On the north of the milky ocean, the Lord Hari of unlimited puissance dwelleth on his car made of gold.

कषीरॊथस्य समुथ्रस्य तदैवॊत्तरतः परभुः
हरिर वसति वैकुण्ठः शकटे कनकात्मके (Mahabharata:VI.9.15)


They have been mentioned in Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 shloka 56. It mentions various clans who joined the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo. Hari along with many Jat clans appear as under:

अजॊदरॊ गजशिराः सकन्धाक्षः शतलॊचनः
जवाला जिह्वः करालश च सितकेशॊ जटी हरिः (Mahabharata:IX.44.56)

Aswamedha Parva, Mahabharata/Book 14 Chapter 8 mentions that there is a peak named Munjaban on the summits of the Himalaya mountains, where the adorable Lord of Uma (Mahadeva) is constantly engaged in austere devotional exercises. On all sides of that mountain, there exist mines of gold, the attendants of Kuvera, desirous of doing good to him, protect these mines of gold from intruders. In this Hari is mentioned along with Moond and Bhaskar Jat clans as under:

हरि केशाय मुण्डाय कृशायॊत्तारणाय च
भास्कराय सुतीर्दाय थेवथेवाय रंहसे (Mahabharata:XIV.8.15)

In Rigveda

Bhim Singh Dahiya mentions about Rigvedic tribe - Hari: ( RV X/96/6)mentions(rathe vahtho hritha hari) meaning "the forward looking Hari people travel in their Chariots". Swami Dayanand translates it as forward moving people.

ता वज्रिणं मन्दिनं सतोम्यं मद इन्द्रं रथे वहतोहर्यता हरी |

पुरूण्यस्मै सवनानि हर्यत इन्द्रायसोमा हरयो दधन्विरे || (RV X/96/6)[10]


The earlier hymn X/96/5 says; (Raadho harijat Hyrtam)- Its apparent meaning is the shining gold (wealth) of the Hari Jats
तवं-तवमहर्यथा उपस्तुतः पूर्वेभिरिन्द्र हरिकेशयज्वभिः |
तवं हर्यसि तव विश्वमुक्थ्यमसामि राधोहरिजात हर्यतम || (RV X/96/5)[11]

See also V/33/2, Arkai Harinam.

स तवं न इन्द्र धियसानो अर्कैर हरीणां वर्षन योक्त्रम अश्रेः |
या इत्था मघवन्न अनु जोषं वक्षो अभि परार्यः सक्षि जनान || (RV:V/33/2)[12]


In India, a king of this Hari clan, named Dumuha or Jaya, ruled over Kampillapura and defeated Pradyota, kinng of Ujjayeni.[13] They are to be identified with the Hari clan of the Jats. Even the West Asian form of the clan, is noted in RV VIII/25/22 as Haryana, the same as Hurria people of West Asia in the second Mill. BC. They gave their name to the Haryanaka dynasty of pre-historic India, to the present state of Haryana" and also to certain towns in Punjab. [14]

रज्रमुक्षण्यायने रजतं हरयाणे | रथं युक्तमसनाम सुषामणि || (RV VIII/25/22)[15]

Distribution in Haryana

They are found in Jind district in Haryana and Multan area in Pakistan. [16],[17]


Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Hapur district

Muradpur Nizampur.

Distribution in Punjab

Hari Jat population is 2,130 in Patiala district.[18]

Notable persons

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-12
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ह-13
  3. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter VIII,s.n. 185, p-585
  4. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.116
  5. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/H,p.327
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 285
  7. Aryan Tribes and the Rig Veda by B S Dahiya
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/H,p.327
  9. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book VI,p.153
  10. http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rvsan/rv10096.htm
  11. http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rvsan/rv10096.htm
  12. http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rvsan/rv05033.htm
  13. I.C. Jain, 'Life in ancient India as depicted in [he Jain Canons" Bombay (1947) p385, see P. 25 for Hariyana.
  14. Aryan Tribes and the Rig Veda by B S Dahiya
  15. http://www.sacred-texts.com/hin/rvsan/rv08025.htm
  16. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study), Bhim Singh Dahiya, p. 333
  17. Rose:'Tribes and Castes', Vol. II, p. 327
  18. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.126

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