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Haumat-al-Zutt was an ancient place in Persia.

Origin of name

It was founded by Jats.


In Jat History

Dr Vir Singh[1] writes that The early medieval Arab historians and geographers mention large population of the Jats in Makran, Baluchistan, Multan and Sindh. From Makran to Mansura the whole tract was inhabited by the Jats. On this long route they rendered great service as road guards. From these places many Jats had migrated to Persia and settled there. They created their economic resources and made significant contribution to urbanization of Persia. There were big cities like Al-Zutt and Haumat-al-Zutt. The coastal fertile region of the Persian gulf from Ubullah near Basra to Bahrain, Oman and Yemen in Southern Arabia had many pockets of Jat population and they engaged themselves in different kinds of occupation including cattle breeding. For long before the advent of Islam the Sasanid Emperors Shapur I (241-272 AD) and Behran V. Gur (420-438 AD) transported war like tribes, Jats and Meds from Sindh to Khurasan and the Persian Gulf from there they migrated to West Asia and Europe.

Prof. Abdul Ali[2] mentions that The Jats are described in the book Lisan al- 'Arab by Ibn Manzur as a dark-complexioned people of India.[3] As described by the renowned Arab historian Abul Fida, the Balochs settled in Baluchistan were also cailed Jats, and their language was very similar to the language spoken in India.[4] According to Ibn Khurdadhbih, the entire region between Makran and Mansurah measuring several hundred miles was the exclusive area of the Jats. Large segments of Jat population have been mentioned in Khuzistan, Baluchistan and Kabul also.[5] It is said that the renowned Muslim scholar Imam Abu Hanifah (d. 767 AD) was born in Kabul.[6] The Jats had also settled in large numbers in the fertile region of tne Arabian/Persian Gulf extending from Ubullah near Basra to Bahrain and Oman where they mostly tended cattle including goats, sheep, camels, etc. Some Jats had also permanently settled in the coastal regions of the Gulf. Most of them were recruited as sodiers in the Sasanid army, in the course of which they lived in different territories of Iran and Arabia, particularly the region of Ubullah in Iraq and Yemen of southern Arabia. Likewise, they had they important settlements in Khuzistan also which had developed into great cities. They were known as Humat al-Zutt (area of the Jats) and Khabiran. Both were situated along the banks of two rivers.[7]

Prof. Zafarul Islam[8] quotes Al-Istakhari, the author of an important geographical work Al-Masalik wal-Mamalik, had stated that the whole region from Mansurah to Multan was full of the Jats.[9] In view of Qazi Athar Mubarakpuri, it was from these places that many Jats had migrated to to Persia and different parts of Arab and settled there long ago.[10] Giving an account of the Jats' settlement in Persia, he had stated that they had been living in this region since a long time and they had developed many big and flourishing towns of their own as we are informed by Ibn-i-Khurdazbeh (d. 893 AD) that at about sixty miles away from the city of Ahwaz there is a big city of the Jats which is known after them as al-Zutt.[11] Another geographer of the same period had also observed that in the vicinity of Khuzistan there was a grand city Haumat al-Zutt.[12] These evidences given by the eminent author are enough to suggest that the Jats who settled in Persia gradually built up their economic resources and made significant contribution to urbanization of that country.

External links


  1. The Jats Vol. 2/Introduction: p. xiii
  2. The Jats, Vol. 2: Socio-Political and Military Role of Jats in West Asia as Gleaned from Arabic Sources,pp.9-10
  3. Ibn Manzur, Lisan al-'Arab, Vol. VII, p. 307.
  4. Abdul Malik Bin Hisham, Kitab al-Tijan (Hyderabad edition), p. 222.
  5. Abdul Malik Bin Hisham, Kitab al-Tijan (Hyderabad edition), p. 223
  6. Tarikh lbn Khaldun, Vol. n, p. 294.
  7. Istakhri, al-Mamalik w-ai-Masaiik, p. 94.
  8. Qazi Athar Mubarakpuri’s Studies on Jats, The Jats, Vol. II, Ed. Dr Vir Singh,pp.26-27
  9. Al-Istakhari, Kitab-o-Masalik wal Mamalik E. J. Brill, 1927, p. 35.
  10. Qazi Athar, pp. 62-63.
  11. Ibn Khurdazbeh, op. cit., p. 43.
  12. Al-Istakhari, op.cit., p. 94.

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