Kitava

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

Kitava (कितव) has been mentioned as a king in the epic Mahabharata. Kitava (कितव) is a place name mentioned by Panini.

History

Son of Kitava, was Ulūka (उलूक), king of a country and people of the same name in Mahabharata. He was an ally of the Kauravas, and acted as their envoy to the Pandavas. He has been mentioned in various Parvas of Mahabharata.


Sandhya Jain[1] writes...Kitava (कितव) - A tribe of Mahabharata brought tributes to Yudhisthira (II.47.10); joined the Kauravas in the war (VI.18.12). Possibly an ancient Makran tribe as the gifts they bore match the products of Makran. Their king Uluka (IX.I.1.25) was the son of Shakuni (VI.68.5).

Jat Gotras

Kitawat (कितावत) Kitavat (कितावत) Jats live in Jaipur district in Rajasthan are descendants of King Kitava (कितव) of the period of Mahabharata.

Mention by Panini

Kitava (कितव) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [2]


Kitava (कितव) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Utkaradi (उत्करादि) (4.2.90.) group. [3]


Kitava-vyavahara (कितव-व्यवहार) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]


Kitavah (कितवाह) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [5]

In Mahabharata

Kitava (कितव) is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.47.10),(VI.18.13), (VI.68.5)

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 47 mentions the Kings who brought tributes to Yudhishthira: Kitavas (कितव) is mentioned in verse (II.47.10).[6]...:"The tribes Vairamas, Paradas, Tungas, with the Kitavas who lived upon crops that depended on water from the sky or of the river and also they who were born in regions on the sea-shore, in woodlands, or countries on the other side of the ocean waited at the gate, being refused permission to enter, with goats and kine and asses and camels and vegetable, honey and blankets and jewels and gems of various kinds."


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 18 mentions - The large armies of the Kurus and the Pandavas ready for war. Kitavas (कितव) is mentioned in verse (VI.18.13). [7]...The Abhishahas, the Surasenas, the Sivis, and the Vasatis, the Salvas, the Matsyas, the Amvashtas, the Trigartas, and the Kekayas, the Sauviras, the Kitavas, and the dwellers of the Eastern, Western, and the Northern countries,--these twelve brave races were resolved to fight reckless of the lives. And these protected the grandsire with a multitudinous array of cars. And with a division that consisted of ten thousand active elephants, the king of Magadha followed that large car division.


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 68 mentions Son of Kitava, Ulūka (उलूक) fighting as an ally of the Kauravas against Pandavas in Mahabharata War in verse (VI.68.5). [8]


References

  1. Sandhya Jain: Adi Deo Arya Devata - A Panoramic View of Tribal-Hindu Cultural Interface, Rupa & Co, 7/16, Ansari Road Daryaganj, New Delhi, 2004, p.122, S.No.14
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.161
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.501
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.163
  5. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 66
  6. ते वैरामाः पारथाश च वङ्गाश च कितवैः सह, विविधं बलिम आथाय रत्नानि विविधानि च Mahabharata (II.47.10)
  7. शाल्वा मत्स्यास तदाम्बष्ठास तरिगर्ताः केकयास तदा, सौवीराः कितवाः पराच्याः परतीच्यॊथीच्यमालवाः (VI.18.13)
  8. सहदेवस तु शकुनिम उलूकं च महारदम, पिता पुत्रौ महेष्वासाव अभ्यवर्तत दुर्जयौ (VI.68.5)

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