Lak

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Lak (लक)[1][2][3][4] Lak (लाक)[5] is a Muslim Jat clan found in Pakistan.

History

H.A. Rose[6] mentions about a King with Lak surname in history of Aulakh:Aulakh (ओळख), Aurak (औरक), a Jat tribe, whose head-quarters would appear to be in the Amritsar district, where they own a barah of, originally, 12 villages, but they are found in the northern Malwa, as well as in the Manjha. They are said to be of Solar descent, and their ancestor Aulakh lived in the Manjha. But another story makes their ancestor one Raja Lui Lak (राजा लूई लाक ), a Lunar race. They are related to the Sekhu and Deo tribes with whom they will not intermarry.

H.A. Rose[7] while describing the history of Harra Jat clan writes: Another account says they( Harra) were originally Bhutta Jats settled at Matela, a village in Shahpur, whence they migrated under their Pir, Shah Daulat. As strict Muhammadans they employ no Brahmans and will not eat anything left by one who does not perform the daily nimaz, Marriage within the tribe is preferred, but is allowed with Bains, Gondal, Sindhan Jats, Lalis, Laks, Kharrals, etc. In Montgomery the Harral (Harl) are classed as a Jat (agricultural) tribe. They are all Muhammadans in this District.

In Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini[8] tells us....Once when Garga returned to the king from Lohara, the citizens in the metropolis became anxious and frightened. There arose a rumour that the furious Garga had come to kill all the dependents of the king, on boats by fixing pales. Such a fearful rumour which can cause abortion in women kept all men in a fever of anxiety for two or three days. Tilakasimha and others, therefore, without waiting for the king's Orders, attacked Garga's house. The whole country became excited and the people armed themselves and ran to and fro ; and Gargachandra was alarmed. The shameless Dilhabhaṭṭara, Lakkaka and others were seen riding about in the road leading to Garga's house. The king did not prevent them but on the contrary sent Lothana to encourage them as they were weak.


Rajatarangini[9] tells us....Sussala understood the signs of the times, and though as yet there was peace, he had misgivings about Garga. He was anxious to come to Kashmira but he first sent Sanjapala. The king had bestowed wealth and Dvara on Lakkaka who with difficulty reached Barahamula. Garga remembered that it was Lakkaka who had attacked him in his house, he came up to him from behind, destroyed his army and plundered both the soldiers and the place Barahamula. Lakkaka fled. Among the dead that lay on the ground and graced it like garland of pearls were the leaders Ruppachuḍa and others. Their character was good and they were born in good families. On the approach of Sanjapala, Lakkaka's fear abated and, helpless as he was, he was brought to Sussala.(p.38-39) (LakkakaLak)


Rajatarangini[10] tells us....The steady king sent Lakkaka and others to collect his scattered army at Vijayakshetra, and when this was done, he himself marched against Garga. (p.44)

Distribution in Pakistan

Lak - The Lak claim ancestry from the Parmar Rajputs. They are found in Sargodha, Khushab, Mandi Bahauddin and Jhang districts.

According to 1911 census the Lak were the principal Muslim Jat clan in:

Distribution in Dagestan, Russia

The city Makhachkala (Dagestan, Russia) has an ethnic plurality, with the Avars and Laks as the largest groups.

Notable persons

References

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