Ola

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Shis Ram ola

Aulakh (ओलख) Aulukya (औलुक्य) Olak (ओलक)/ Aulak (औलक)/Aulik(औलिक)[1] Olakh (ओलख/औलाख)[2] Ola (ओला) Ola (ओळा) Aula (औला) Olania (ओळाणिया)[3] Aulakh (ओळख)[4] Aurak (औरक) is a gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. They live in Pakistan.

Origin

They are said to be descendants of Nagavanshi king Uluka (उलूक). [5][6] Mahabharata mentions a country called Uluka. [7]


Branches of Nagavansha are - 1. Vasati/Bains 2. Taxak 3. Aulak 4. Kalkal 5. Kala/ Kalidhaman/ Kalkhande 6. Meetha 7. Bharshiv 8. Bharaich[8]

Villages founded by Ola clan

History

Map showing the country of Uruk

In Mahabharata

Ulūka (उलूक), Son of Kitava, was king of a country and people of the same name in Mahabharata. He was an ally of the Kauravas, and acted as their envoy to the Pandavas. He has been mentioned in various Parvas of Mahabharata.

Nagavanshi kshatriyas

They are Nagavanshi or Chandravanshi kshatriyas. Ayu was a chandravanshi Samrat in whose nineth generation was born Alarva. Alarva had two sons namely Kaiyan and Nagas. Descendents of Nagas were called Nagavanshi. Nagavansh had eight branches: 1. Vasati or Vais 2. Taxak 3. Aulakh 4. Kalkal 5. Kala, Kali, Dhaman, Kalkhande 6. Meetha 7. Bharshiv 8. Bharaich.


In Dwapar Yuga one descendent of Nagavansh was Ulukh who ruled in state of Ulukh. The arrival of King Ulukh into the Sabha of Yudhishthira has been mentioned in Sabhaparva of Mahabharat. The inhabitants of Ulukh state and the descendants of Raja Ulukh were known as Aulakh or Aula or Ola.

Ola in Tamil language

Word Ola is found in Tamil language. In Manimekhalai, one of the most ancient pieces of literature of the the Tamils, there is mention of word Ola. The waves of the sea were known to the tamils as Ola.[9]

In Central Asia

We find mention of Ola in Central Asia in the form of a mountain. The Tannu-Ola mountains (Tuvan: Таңды-Уула Tangdy-Uula mountains) is a mountain range in southern Siberia, in the Tuva Republic of Russia. It extends in an east-west direction and curves along the Mongolian border. Its highest peaks reaches 2,930 m.

Jat Gotra

As per grammar rules the Jat clan name name Aulak, is derived from Uluka, the name of the country and King. [10] Perhaps the Iranian Uruk, Indian Uraga was their country. [11]


Majority of this clan people are Sikhs in Punjab. There are many villages of this gotra in Ambala district. Hindu jats of this gotra write Ola in Rajasthan.

H.A. Rose on Aulakh

H.A. Rose[12] gives following account of Aulakh: Aulakh (ओळख), Aurak (औरक), a Jat tribe, whose head-quarters would appear to be in the Amritsar district, where they own a barah of, originally, 12 villages, but they are found in the northern Malwa, as well as in the Manjha. They are said to be of Solar descent, and their ancestor Aulakh lived in the Manjha. But another story makes their ancestor one Raja Lui Lak (राजा लूई लाक ), a Lunar race. They are related to the Sekhu and Deo tribes with whom they will not intermarry.

In Amritsar they give the following pedigree :-—

Ram ChandarKasabDhaulRaghupatUde RupPuraMajangMarkhanbGoeMandalDhanichAulakh.

This would make them akin to the Punnun. They are also found as a Jat (agricultural) tribe west of the Ravi as far as Leiah. In Montgomery they are both Hindu and Muhammadan. The Muhammadan Aulakh of Leiah have a curious tale. Complaint was made to Humayun that Pir Muhammad Rajan drank bhang, in defiance of the Quranic prohibition. So the emperor summoned the saint to Delhi and made him walk along a narrow path beset with poisoned swords, while a ferocious elephant pursued him. But as he walked the steel turned to water and one of his disciples killed the elephant with a single blow of his staff. Among the courtiers was Raja Aulakh, a Punwar Jat , who at once embraced Islam. The saint returned to Rajanpur, and Aulakh followed him, conquered the country from the Balun tribe and gave it to the Pirs, on whom the emperor also conferred it in jagir, though the Aulakh continued to administer it until about 175 years ago, when their power declined.

औलक गोत्र का इतिहास

दलीप सिंह अहलावत[13] लिखते हैं -

औलक जाटवंश नागवंश की शाखा है। द्वापर युग में उलूक नामक जनपद का शासक इस वंश का उलूक राजा था। सभापर्व 27-11 तथा 27-58 महाभारत के इन श्लोकों से उलूक नरेश का महाराज युधिष्ठिर की सभा में आना प्रमाणित होता है। उलूक देशवासियों की ‘औलिक’ नाम से प्रसिद्धि हुई। परम्परागत श्रुति और विद्वानों ने इनकी गणना नागवंश में की है। पंजाब ही इनकी बहुलता का स्थान है। यहां इन लोगों की जनसंख्या 1941 ई० में इस प्रकार थी – लाहौर 1251, सियालकोट 332, गुजरांवाला 561, अमृतसर 6582, गुरदासपुर 1028, मलेरकोटला 669, लुधियाना 792, फिरोजपुर 1540, पटियाला 2742, नाभा 1100, इस वंश के सभी जाट सिक्ख थे। अब ये सब पंजाब में हैं। हिन्दू जाटों को औलक या औरे भी कहा जाता है। यू० पी० में भी ये लोग बसे हैं। जि० अम्बाला में भी इस जाटवंश के कई गांव हैं।

Distributions in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Gwalior district

Aulakh clan found in: Gwalior

Distributions in Uttar Pradesh

Villages in Ghaziabad district

Simbhaoli,

Villages in J P Nagar district

Hakampur,

Distribution in Rajasthan

In Rajasthan the clan is spelled as Ola

Locations in Jaipur city

Ambabari, Bagruwalon ka Rasta, Ganpati Nagar, Murlipura Scheme, Purani Basti, Telipada, Uniyaron ka Rasta,

Villages in Jaipur district

Aula (औला) Jats live in villages: Mukundpura Dadawata (6),


Villages in Sikar district

Basdi, Chaindas Ki Dhani, Dinarpura Sikar (7), Katrathal, Kudli, Madhopura, Netarwas, Olagarh, Ola Ki Dhani, Ola ki Dhani (Sangalia), Piprali, Punyana (1), Puranabas, Rulyani (100), Sawaipura, Sewa, Shyampura West, Sihot Chhoti, Sikar,

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bhirani, Sangaria,

Villages in Ganganagar district

Karadwala,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Ardawata (अरड़ावता), Dhadhot Khurd, Teetanwar,

Villages in Alwar district

Bardod, Jat Behror, Majra Kath, Rampur Bansur,

Villages in Nagaur district

Dharnawas,

Villages in Tonk district

Bardla,

Villages in Bikaner district

Olania Jats live in:

Motolai,


Ola Jats live in:

Ramnagar,

Villages in Churu district

Ola Jats live in: Sujangarh (1),

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Bhiwani district

Dhani Mithi,

Villages in Fatehabad district

Baijalpur, Tibbi,

Villages in Sirsa district

Chautala,

Distribution in Punjab

Aulak population is 7,620 in Patiala district.[14]

Villages in Amritsar

In Amritsar the population of Aulak Jats is 17,841. It is mostly to be found in the area around the town of Ajnala and around the village of Shabazpur in Tarn Taran sub-district where the clan owns a cluster of 9 villages. [15]

Villages in Ludhiana

In Ludhiana the Aulak population is 2,055.[16]

Villages in Gurdaspur

In Gurdaspur district the Aulak population is 2,817. [17]

Villages in Firozpur

In Firozpur district the Aulak population is 4,200. [18]

Aulakh named village is in Zira Tahsil of Firozpur district in Punjab.

Villages in Faridkot district

Aulakh village in Faridkot Tahsil of Faridkot district in Punjab.

Villages in Jalandhar district

Villages in Mansa district

Biroke Kalan

Villages in Muktsar district

Villages in Rupnagar district

Distribution in Pakistan

Aulakh is One of the largest Jat clans found in the Punjab. Muslim Aulakh were found mainly in Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana district. The Aulakh also are an important Saraiki-speaking Jat clan in Layyah District. like other Muslim Jats of East Punjab, they moved to Pakistan after partition in 1947.

Notable persons from this gotra

Gallery of people of Aulakh/Ola gotra

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.औ-23
  2. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n.औ-11
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ओ-15
  4. B S Dahiya:Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Jat Clan in India, p.236, s.n.9
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Ādhunik Jat Itihas, Agra 1998, p. 224
  6. Panini, IV, I, 105
  7. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p.279
  8. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter III,p.242
  9. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, P.45
  10. YP Shastri, Jat Kshatriya Itihas, 1944
  11. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 245
  12. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/A, p.25
  13. जाट वीरों का इतिहास: दलीप सिंह अहलावत, पृष्ठ-248
  14. History and study of the Jats. By Professor B.S Dhillon. p.126
  15. History and study of the Jats. By Professor B.S Dhillon.p.124
  16. History and study of the Jats. By Professor B.S Dhillon. p.123
  17. History and study of the Jats. By Professor B.S Dhillon. 127
  18. History and study of the Jats. By Professor B.S Dhillon. p.127
  19. Jat Gatha, September-2015,p. 15
  20. 'Jat Privesh', July 2015,p. 18

Further reading

  • Thakur Deshraj: Jat Itihas (Hindi), Maharaja Suraj Mal Smarak Shiksha Sansthan, Delhi, 1934.
  • Jat Samaj, Agra - October 1992
  • Capt. Dilip Singh Ahalawat: Jat Viron ka Itihas (Hindi)

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