History and study of the Jats/Chapter 10

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History and study of the Jats

Prof. B.S. Dhillon

ISBN-10: 1895603021 or ISBN-13: 978-1895603026

Jat Clan Names and Population Distribution

There are hundreds of clan names unique to Jats, irrespective of their religious beliefs: Hinduism, Islam, or Sikhism. In fact Rose, [1] puts it very well, "Broadly speaking (with respect to British Punjab), the Jat is a Musalman in the Western Districts, a Sikh in the Centre and a Hindu in the South-East, but there are many exceptions to this rule". Many clan names are common to Hindu, Muslim and Sikh Jats. For example, some of the clan names common to Sikh and Muslim Jats are Chimma, Randhawa, Toor, Bajwa, and Bhatti. Similarly, some of the common clan names shared by Hindu and Sikh Jats are, Mann, Dhillon, Bhatti, Chahil, Sandhu, Narwal, Dhaliwal and Atwal.

Furthermore, some Jat clan names are not unique to the Jats but are identical to that of Rajput ("son of the king"), and Gujar peoples related to the Jats, irrespective of their religious beliefs. For example, Doad, Dahiya, Chhokar, Bagri and Bhatti [2,3] clan names are common to both Jats and Rajputs. Similarly, Dahiya, Chhokar, Rawat, Bhatti, Bagri, etc., clan names are identical for both Jats and Gujars . [2,3]

However, Dahiya [3] said, "It should be noted that the Mann, Dhillon, Virk, Kang, Her, Mor, Johal, Pauniya, etc, are not found in the Rajputs. The reason is simple-none of them were formally converted to the orthodox Brahmanism (Hinduism)".

According to Rose [1] many Jat clans still claim royal ancestry: Gill (king of Garh Mithila), Mann (king Banipal), Sidhu (Rajput king Jaissal and the founder of the famous city of Jaisalmer, Rajasthan), Doad (king and Hindu God Krishna, hence are Chanderbansis), Dhillon (king Karna), and Aulakh (King Lui Lak), Sandhu (solar Rajputs or a Sandhu king and also according to Rose [1] Sandhus somehow have extremely hard feelings toward certain priests, for example, Rose [1] wrote on page 425 of his handbook, "If looks towards my tomb cut him off, he and I are enemies as is a draught to a lamp".), Bains (belongs to one of the 36 royal families of Rajputs), Bajwa (king Shalip), Chahal (king Agarsen Surajbansi), Chattha (Prithi Rai, the Chauhan king of Delhi), Deol (king Jagdeo), Ghumman (king Dalip of Delhi), Goraya (king Guraya), Pannun (a Solar Rajput King), Sohi (King Kang), and Grewal (king Rick and according to Major Bastow [5] on page 106, "Grewal families of villages Kila Raipur, Gujarwal, and Naurangwal of Ludhiana district (Punjab) still had a sort of local authority at the close of the 18th century").


History and study of the Jats End of Page 119


10.1 Jat Clan Names

Hindu, Muslim, and Sikh Jats have numerous clan names and most of them are discussed by Rose [1,4] in his Handbook. Thus, the clan names listed below in alphabetical order were taken from Refs.[1,4] .

Contents: Top   · 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Ablana, Abra, Abni, Agwana, Ahlawat, Ahulana, Alpah, Alwi, Amlawat, Andar, Ansari, Anuja, Anwal, Arab, Arar, Arwal, Arya, Asar or Asra, Athangal, Aujla, Aulakh or Aurak, Ayasi.

B

Babbar, Bachhal, Badah, Badanah, Badechh, Bader, Badhan or Pakhai, Badohal, Badro, Badye, Bagrah, Bagri, Bahniwal, Baidwan, Bains, Bairwal, Bajwa, Bakarki, Bal, Balagan, Balham, Balho, Balwatrah, Banb, Band, Bandal, Bandechh, Bandejah, Banhor, Barian, Baryar, Basi, Basra, Bat or Bath, Batar, Bati, Battar, Bawah, Bawre, Berag, Bhadah, Bhadiar, Bhagar, Bhaggu, Bhains, Bhalar, Bhalerah, Bhaman, Bhamrai, Bhandar, Bhander, Bhango, Bhangu, Bhaniwal, Bhanrar, Bhar, Bharah, Bharal, Bharanch, Bharwal, Bharwana, Bharyar, Bhati, Bhati Wad, Bhidal, Bhindal, Bhindar, Bhojiya, Bhola, Bholar, Bhonah, Bhotah, Bhotar, Bhullar, Bhutha, Bochah, Bojak, Bola, Bonah, Bopahrae, Boperai, Bosan, Botar or Buttar, Bubak, Buch, Buhar, Bura, Burana, Burra, Buta.

C

Chaddu, Chahal, Chaina, Chakora, Chamal, Chamer, Chanan, Chanbal, Chandar, Chandarh, Chander, Changala, Chankar, Channar, Chanon, Chanwan, Chasti, Chattha, Chatyal, Chemiya, Chhajra, Chhaju, Chhamia, Chhana, Chhanb, Chhaner, Chhatta, Chhatar, Chhina, Chholiana, Chhon or Chhoni, Chimma, China, Chohang, Chokahi, Chokhia, Choniya, Chosar, Chowah or Chowan.

D

Dabb, Dadu, Dagar, Daha, Dahal, Dahalo, Dahamrai, Dahan, Dahang,Dahar, Dahawa, Dahba, Dahiya, Dahko, Dahloli, Daho, Dahon, Dahrala, Dahrija, Dal, Dalani, Dalo, Dammar, Dandi, Dandiwal, Danwar, Dargh, Daspal, Daul, Dehia, Deol, Deoania, Derija, Deswal, Dewala, Dewar, Dhadah, Dhakku, Dhalan, Dhali, Dhalon, Dhanda, Dhandsahar, Dhankar, Dhanoe Dhanri, Dhar, Dhariwal, Dhasi, Dhaunchak, Dhed, Dher, Dhesi, Dhillon, Dhinsa, Dhol, Dhori, Dhotar, Dhudhi, Dhudi, Dihadrae, Dodi(Dod), Doad, Dolat or Dulhat, Domarah, Drigs, Dun, Dund Rai, Dusanj.

E

F

Faqartadari, Faqrakh.

G

Gabhal, Gabir, Gadarah, Gadari, Gadwar, Gagrah, Gal, Galhar, Galwatrah, Gandu, Gandia, Gangah, Ganj, Ganwan, Ganwanen, Ganwen, Ganwari, Garalwal, Grewal, or Garewal, Garhar, Gat, Gatab, Gawaria, Gazdar, Gazzi, Gelan, Gendas, Ghagah, Ghagrah, Ghalo, Ghalo Kanjanarah, Ghalowaknun, Ghaman, Ghan, Ghanghas, Ghatwal, Ghumman, Gill, Gir, Girwanh, Godara, Gohra, Goj, Golia, Gondal, Gopalak, Gopa Rai, Gor, Gorae, Gorah, Goratah, Goraya, Gori, Goria, Goron, Gorwah, Gosal, Guda, Gujjral, Guraha.


History and study of the Jats End of Page 120


H

Hajra, Hakim, Hal, Hamar, Hamara, Hamath, Hamdi, Hamshirah, Hanbi, Handal, Hanjan, Hanjra, Hans, Hansalah, Hansarah, Hara ,Harar, Hari, Harl, Hasam, Hathar, Hatiar, Her or Porawal, Hijra or Hinjra, Holi, Hondal or Hundal, Huda, Hural.

I

J

Jabar, Jagal, Jaglan, Jahanbar, Jahanbo, Jai, Jajjah or Jathol, Jakhar, Jali, Jamra, Janer, Jangali, Jangla, Jani, Janil, Jarah, Jaria, Jastar, Jatatier, Jathol, Jatowal, Jaun, Jawa, Jawia, Jhad, Jhakar, Jhalan, Jhalli, Jhamat, Jhandir, Jhari, Jhonjah, Jhor, Jhotah, Johal, Jojah, Joldaha, Jomar, Jondah, Jopo, Josan, Jun, Junhi, Jurai, Juta.

K

Kachala, Kachela, Kadian, Kahl, Kahlon, Kahon,Kahut, Kajlan, Kalar, Kalasarah, Kaler, Kaleroth, Kalhir, Kalhora or Sarai, Kalirawan, Kal Khand, Kallu, Kalo, Kalon, Kalru, Kamera, Kamon, Kanag, Kanchi, Kanda, Kanda, Kandwa, Kaneran, Kang, Kangrah, Kanjan, Kanon, Kanonkhor, Kanwari, Kanwen, Kapai, Karhalah, Kat, Kataria, Kator, Katrah, Kauri, Kawari, Kawera, Kejah, Kejar, Kele, Kerah, Kes, Khab, Khadal, Khadar, Khagah, Khajah, Khajan, Khak, Khakh, Khaki, Khal, Khalah, Khalani, Khalwah, Khamah, Khaman, Khand, Khanjan, Khar, Khara, Kharak, Kharora, Kharral, Kharwala, Kharye, Khatra, Khatrai, Khera, Khichar, Khichi, Khilchi, Khira, Khojah, Khadal, Khokhar, Khor, Khoreja, Khosar, Killa, Kodan, Kohar, Kohja, Kohri, Kokarah, Kokraya, Kuk, Kular, Kuliar, Kundu, Kuretanah.

L

Labar, Ladhana, Ladhar, Lahar, Lahil, Lak, Lakha, Lakhi, Lakhiwal, Lakwera, Lali, Lalli, Lang, Langah, Langanah, Lapeja, Lar, Lasai, Lat, Lathar, Lather, Laur, Lawar, Lekho, Lel, Leli, Lillas, Lodhara, Lodhran, Lodrah, Lohan, Lolah, Loleri, Lorimalanah, Lotha, Lunghere, Lurka.

M

Mader, Magsi, Mahad, Mahil, Mahani, Mahir, Mahara, Maharana, Mahe, Mahesar, Mahi, Mahli or Malhi, Mahota, Mahra, Mahtarmalhi, Makol, Makoma, Mal, Malan, Malana, Malanhans, Malhah, Malhi, Mallhi, Malli, Mamar, Mamarha, Mamra, Mamrai, Mann, Mand, Mang, Mangan, Mangat, Mangath, Markanda, Markha, Marrar. Marula, Maryal, Masan, Maswan, Mat, Matu, Megal, Megla, Mekan, Menas, Meri, Mermalha, Mesar, Metla, Miana, Mitru, Mochani, Mochhar, Mohal, Mond, Mondah, Mondi, Month, Mor, Moran, Morare, Motha, Mula, Mundtor.

N

Nachang, Nadho, Nagri, Naich or Nech, Nain, Najar, Naloka, Nanad, Nadal, Nandlah, Nanwa, Narath, Narwal, Narwan, Nat, Natri, Natt, Nawar, Neera, Neola, Nijjar, Nordaha, Nun.

O

Obhai, Odhana, Oesi, Ojal, Ojh, Okhal, Olakh, Olak, Omara, Otar, Otara, Othwal.

P

Padah, Pahal, Pahor, Pakimor, Palu, Panaich, Pan, Pandah, Pandeshi, Pandi, Panehal, Panjotarah, Panjuttha, Pannuhan, Panohan, Panon, Panwar, Panwaria, Parer, Parhar, Passani, Patoha, Paton, Patre, Paungar, Pawri, Phakiwar, Phalar, Phalron, Phalyon, Phiphra, Phoghat, Phulsawal, Pogal, Pohea, Pokhwat, Ponar, Poni, Poniya, Pontah, Pote, Puni, Punia, Punn, Punnun, Purahwal, Puriwal.


History and study of the Jats End of Page 121


Q

Qalhari, Qom, Qurejah.

R

Rahal, Rahan, Rahola, Rai, Raibdar, Rain, Rajwa, Rajwana, Rak, Rakhya, Ramana, Ran, Randhawa, Rando, Rangi, Ranidhar, Ratah, Rathi, Rathyah, Rato, Rattol, Rawaki, Rawat, Rawani, Rayar, Redhu, Reman, Riar or Riyar, Rihan, Rokhe, Ronga, Rongar, Roth, Ruhal.

S

Sabrahi, Sadhana, Sadho, Sadhra, Sagal, Sahansi, Saharan, Sahol, Sahon, Sahota, Sahrawat, Sahwal, Sajra, Sakhra, Salahah, Salotra, Samdarani, Samejah, Samor, Samra, Samrae, San, Sanbhal, Sanda, Sandah, Sandelah, Sandhal, Sandhar, Sandhi, Sandho, Sandi, Sangah, Sange, Sangere, Sanghera, Sanghi, Sangi, Sangoke, Sangrah, Sangrota, Sangwan, Sani, Sankhalan, Sanmoranah, Sanond, Sansi-Sandhawalia, Sapra, Sarai, Saran, Sarao, Sarawat, Saraye, Sardiye, Sargana, Sarlah, Saroiah, Sarot, Sarsar, Sarwar, Sarwi, Sategrah, Sathar, Satiar, Satwahan, Saunan, Segar, Segrah, Sehi, Sekan, Sekhu or Sekhon, Sekun, Semi, Seni, Serah, Seti, Sewarah, Sewari, Shajra, Shekhon, Shekhra, Sheroran, Sian, Siar, Sibia, Sidhu, or Sidhu-Barar, Sindhu, or Sandhu, Sinhmar, Soha, Sohi, Sojani, Solgi, Solkah, Sonal, Sontra, Soro, Sotbah, Sotrak, Suda, Sumra, Sura, Surwat, Swanch.

T

Tajar, Tajra, Tak-Seroa, Talah, Taleri, Talot, Tanwari, Taoni, Tanor,Tara, Tarar, Tareli, Tarholi, Tatla, Tatli, Tawri, Tewatia, Thahal, Thind, Thotha, Tiwana, Todi, Tokas, Tola, Toniyan, Trag, Tulla, Tung, Tur.

U

Udhana, Uppal, Uthi, Uthwal, Uttamzais.

V

Valana, Varaich, Virk.

W

Wabah, Wadah, Wadala, Wadhwa, Wag, Wagan, Wagar, Wagh, Wagha, Waghmal, Wagi, Wahal, Wahala, Wahandi, Wahgah, Wahlah, Wahniwal or Bahniwal, Wahroka, Wahujah, Wains, Wairar, Wairsi, Wajar, Wajba, Wajla, Wajwarah, Walar, Wallerai, Walot, Wamak, Wanda, Wandar, Wanghaya, Wanjo, Wanwar, Warah, Waran, Warbhu, Warhe, Wark, Warya, Warye, Wasir, Wasli, Watarah, Wato, Welan, Wijhi, Wirk or Virk, Wulana.

X

Y

Yohal.

Z


History and study of the Jats End of Page 122


10.2 Jat Sikh Clans and Their Population in Selective Districts of Punjab

Handbooks [5-7] prepared by British military officers for the recruitment of Sikhs into the British Indian Army contain information on the location of Jat clans and their respective population in various districts of Punjab. Therefore, this section (basically based on these documents) presents various Jat clans and their respective population. With respect to population, I have used Major Barstow's data taken from the 1911 census and have multiplied it with a factor of 3 as, India's population has increased approximately three folds since those days. The objective here is to provide some idea of the Jat population, division as per clan, in the selected districts rather than to present an absolutely correct picture. Furthermore, some shifting may have occurred since 1911 due to factors such as divisions of British India in 1947, emigration to foreign countries and within India, and district reorganization. Also, some of the clans with a very small population may have been left out. Jat clans and their approximate population in some of the Punjab districts are as follows [1,4,5-7] (the figure in parentheses represents each Jat clan's approximate strength and where the terms such as "hold" and "own" are used they basically mean the clan in question own almost all of the village land):

10.2.1. Ludhiana

  • Grewal (45,336): This clan basically belongs to the Ludhiana district where it has about 75 villages.
  • Gill (28,101): It appears that this clan settled in the Ludhiana district about 350 years ago during the reign of Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor of India, and claims its ancestor was a king in the southern area of "Gharmela" [5]. The "Gills" own about 50 villages mostly around the area of Jagraon.
  • Sidhu (24,741): It is believed that this clan originally came from the Faridkot area of Punjab about 350 years ago and own a good many villages around the town of Jagraon.
  • Dhaliwal (32,454): This clan holds many villages around the towns of Pakhowal and Jagraon and claim their ancestor was a Rajput (son of king) from Jaisalmir, Rajasthan province to the south of modern Punjab.
  • Bhander (?): This clan of the Jats owns upwards of 20 villages.
  • Dhillon (9,858): This clan is scattered all over the district and claims coming from the west of the Sutlej river.

Other Jat clans to be found in the district are Sekhon, Rathi, Gandhu and so on.


History and study of the Jats End of Page 123


10.2.2. Amritsar

  • Sandhu (67,158): This is probably the strongest clan of the district and holds 121 villages [7]. Their strongest concentration is in the south-west corner of Tarn-Taran area, here, Sandhus hold 32 villages [5].
  • Gill (48,210): This clan holds 142 villages [7] in total and specifically its large concentration is in the Tarn Taran area where it holds about 25 villages.
  • Dhillon (44,202): This clan as per Captain Falcon [7] holds 140 villages in the district. Some of the Dhillons' villages are Kasel, Dhand, Chabal, Kairon, Padri, Gaggobua, Panjwar, Lijan, and Gandiwind.
  • Randhawa (42,480): This clan owns 116 villages [7] and its main strength is in along the Batala border and around Mahta village in the area close to the Amritsar city.
  • Aulak (17,841): It is mostly to be found in the area around the town of Ajnala and around the village of Shabazpur in Tarn-Tarn sub-district where the clan owns a cluster of 9 villages.
  • Sidhu (26,739): This clan around Atari and Bhakna villages holds 14 villages.
  • Chahil (13,527): This clan owns 16 villages near the Sheron Bagha village.
  • Bal (17,934): This clan holds a total of 23 villages, for example, Bal Khurad, Bal Kalan, Bal Serai and Jodhe.
  • Pannun (14,196): This clan appears to have spread from the Doaba area of the modern Punjab and owns 7 large villages including Naushera and Chaudriwala.
  • Bhangu (3,978): This clan holds the large village of Khiala (Khurd and Kalan). The Legendry Mehtab Singh of the Sikhs and I think, General Shubeg Singh of the recent times belonged to this very clan.

History and study of the Jats End of Page 124


10.2.3. Patiala (state during the British period)

In 1911, 30 per cent of the Patiala state population was made of the Jats. Major Barstow [5], on page 110 wrote, "Patiala Jats mostly claim Rajput origin and appear to have migrated from Jaisalmer (in modern Indian state of Rajasthan south of Punjab) around the middle of the 16th century".

  • Sidhu (138,000): This is the largest clan and the Royal family of the former Patiala state belonged to this very clan.
  • Chahil (64,500): This clan owns many villages around the town of Bhikkhi as well as it holds several scattered villages in the sub-districts of Fategarh, Narwana, Bhawanigarh, Amargarh.
  • Dhaliwal (54,000): It appears that this clan has settled in this area around 12th or 13th century A.D. from Jaisalmer (in the modern Indian state of Rajasthan) and claims Rajput origin [5]. Dhaliwals are mainly to be found in the sub-districts of Bhatinda and Bhikhi and their important septs are Mani, Rureka, Ramana, Udi, and Dina.
  • Mann (48,000): This clan has given their name to many villages for example, Manwala, Man Khera, and Man-sa.
  • Dhillon (31,500): This clan claim its descent from "king Karn" and the Dhillons are mainly to be found in the sub-district of Govindgarh as well as in scattered villages of sub-districts Bhikhi and Fatehgarh.
  • Gill (45,900): This clan is quite numerous in the sub-districts of Bhikhi and Rajpura and its sept "Jhala" holds 11 villages in the subdistrict called Sahibgarh.
  • Dhindsa (7,950): This clan also claims its descent from "King Karn" and during the Mughal period in India, the Dhindsas migrated from the Sirsa area of the modern Indian Province of Haryana bordering Punjab. Dhindsas are mainly to be found in the subdistrict of Amargarh where they own many villages, also their presence is visible in the sub-districts of Rajpura, Patiala, and Ghanaur.
  • Randhawa (6,960): This clan holds two villages in the sub-district of Sahibgarh and the village of Mimsa in the Sub-district Amargarh.
  • Sarah or Sarai (19,800): This clan is mainly to be found in areas around Anahadgarh and Karmgarh and it claims to have founded the villages of Kalanwali in Sirsa and Kaleke near Dhanaula.
  • Pawania (4,560): This clan claims to have migrated from the Hissar district of the modern Indian state of Haryana and owns 4 villages in the sub-district of Sunam.
  • Ghumman (15,600): This clan owns 11 villages around Bhawanigarh and Ghumana in the Rajpura sub-district and one village in the Patiala sub-district.

History and study of the Jats End of Page 125


  • Bains (3,012): This clan claims Tur Rajput origin and have migrated from the Delhi area. The clan holds many villages in the sub-district of Narwana as well as some in the Sub-districts of Sunam and Patiala.
  • Mangat (5,400): This clan holds 6 villages in the sub-district of Sahibgarh.
  • Sandhu (34,500): This clan claims to have migrated from the Amritsar area of the Punjab in the 16th century A.D. and holds villages in the sub-districts of Barnala, Bhatinda,Rajpura, Ghanaur, and Amargarh.
  • Sekhon (10,500): This clan holds the villages of Bakshiwala (Sunam sub-district), Kaulgarh (Pail sub-district), Kanhgarh (Bhikkhi Sub-district), Kishangarh (Bhikkhi subdistrict)

and Karmgarh (Anhadgarh sub-district).

  • Mahil (2,169): This clan also claims its origin from the Tur Rajputs and came from the Delhi area. The clan owns four villages: Shahpuri Khurd and Kalan, Namol (all of these three in Sunam sub-district), and Khanpur (in Dhuri sub-district).

History and study of the Jats End of Page 126


10.2.4. Jullundur

10.2.5. Hoshiarpur

  • Bains (17,190): This clan holds 12 villages near the Mahilpur town.
  • Mann (8,670): This clan is concentrated around the village of Dhada in the sub-district of Garhshankar.
  • Gill (8,160): This clan owns 22 villages: Khararawal Bassi, Achharwal, Rajpur, Lakhsian, and so on.

Some of the smaller Jat clans are Khangas of village Budhipind, Sange near the village of Magowal, and Pote near the village called Barian.

10.2.6. Gurdaspur

Bal (1,569), Chahil (6,645), Dayar (5,094), Boparae (4,941), (4,941), Dhariwal (4,614), Dhillon (3,861), Gharal (3,012), Bains, (3,189), Bajwa (3,711), Bhattewid (2,097), Aulak (2,817), Chuna (2,910), Athwal (1,791), Bhullai (2,229), Both (2,382), Basra (858), Bhangu (1,023), Bhuttar (1,146), and China (744).

10.2.7. Ferozepore

10.2.8. Kapurthala (formerly state)


History and study of the Jats End of Page 127


10.3 Identical or Similar South Asian Jat and Western Clan Names

There are numerous identical or similar South Asian Jat and Western clan names. This selection presents only a sample of them. The Western clan names were mostly selected from the Ottawa Telephone Directory. A sample of the south Asian Jat and the Western equivalent clan names is as follows (the equivalent western clan name is given in the parentheses):

  • Gill (Gill)
  • Mann (Mann)
  • Virk or Birk (Birk)
  • Bains (Bain, Baines or Vance)
  • Dhillon (Dillon or French "DeLeon")
  • Natt (Nutt)
  • Mor (Mor e.g., Ricardo Mor)
  • Maur (Maur, e.g., John Maur)
  • Lalli (Lalli or Lally, e.g., Vincent R. Lalli [8])
  • Mangat (Mangat, e.g., Tim Mangat or Mongait [9])
  • Malli or Malhi (Malley or Mallay)
  • Bal (Ball or Baal)
  • Bat (Batt, e.g., Robert Batt)
  • Hal (Hall)
  • Her (Herr, e.g., Christopher Herr)
  • Atwal (Atwell, e.g., Allen Atwell)
  • Hans (Hans, Hunse, Hansch or Hanes)
  • Holi (Holley)
  • Rathi(Rathi or Rath)
  • Rai (Rae)
  • Roth (Roth, e.g., Frank Roth)
  • Rain (Rain, e.g., James Rain)
  • Bhullar (Buhler)
  • Batth (Bath, e.g., Derek Bath)
  • Band (Band, e.g., Dennis Band)
  • Dal (Dal)
  • Dahan (Dahan, e.g., Michel Dahan)
  • Dabb (Dabb, e.g., Alan Dabb)
  • Dewar (Dewar, e.g., John Dewar)
  • Jastar (Jaster)
  • Nun (Nunn, e.g., James Nunn)
  • Lel or Lehal (Lyall, e.g., Peter Lyall)
  • Mat (Matt, e.g., Ernest Matt)
  • Moran (Moran, e.g., Carlos Moran)
  • Mand (Mands or Mandy)
  • Mondi (Mondey, e.g., Paul Mondey)

History and study of the Jats End of Page 128


  • Motha (Mota, e.g., Mariano Mota)
  • Wag (Wagg, e.g., Larry Wagg)
  • Walar (Wallar, e.g., Robert Wallar)
  • Wark (Wark, e.g., Ronald Wark)
  • Welan (Whelan)
  • Wanda (Wand, e.g., Edwin Wand)
  • Walot (Wallot, e.g., Jean-Pierre Wallot)
  • Wagar (Wagar, e.g., Carl Wagar)
  • Warhe (Wara, e.g., Leonard Wara)
  • Tola (Tolan, e.g., Jeffrey Tolan)
  • Sibia (Siba, e.g., Frank Siba)
  • Sarai (Saray, e.g., Gordon Saray)
  • Phalyon (Phalen)
  • Sandhar (Saunders or Sander, e.g., Hans Sander)
  • Samra (Samra, e.g., Joe Samra)
  • Sandho (Sandoz, e.g., David Sandoz)
  • Sandi (Sandy, e.g., Glen Sandy)
  • Lamba (Lambe, e.g., David Lambe)
  • Chhillar (Schiller, e.g., Hans Schiller)
  • Lahar (Lohoar)

The above clan names of the South Asian Jats were mainly taken from the works of Rose [1,4] and their equivalents were selected from the Ottawa Telephone Directory. This simple and short study demonstrates, the closeness of many South Asian Jat clan names to their Western counterparts. In most cases, these names are identical. Obviously, the most likely reason could be the migration of the Central Asian people (Scythians, Sarmatians, Alans, etc.) into Europe, centuries earlier and their simultaneous movement into Punjab. The above study gives rise to a very strong possibility that even after the full assimilation of these nomad people into the Western society, many of their clan names have still survived to date. However, the Jats who went into Punjab and the surrounding areas, somehow, failed to fully integrate into the local societies. That is why they are still identifiable as a distinct society, irrespective of their religious beliefs: Sikhism, Islam, or Hinduism. Therefore, it is probably safe to say that the South Asian Jat characteristics are the closest to that of their forefathers in Central Asia than any other groups of the Jats.


History and study of the Jats End of Page 129


10.4 References: Chapter 10 -Jat Clan Names and Population Distribution

[1]. Rose, H.A., A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province, (Vol. II), reprinted by the Languages Department, Patiala, Punjab, 1970, pp.361, 300, 237, 25, 35, first published in 1883.

[2]. Bingley, A.H., History, Caste & Culture of Jats and Gujars, reprinted by Ess Ess Publications, New Delhi, India, 1978, pp. 31-53, first published in 1899.

[3]. Dahiya, B.S., Jats: The Ancient Rulers, Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India, 1980, pp. 71-72, 113.

[4]. Rose, H.A., A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province, Vol. III, reprinted by the Languages Department, Patiala, Punjab, 1970, pp. 64, 423-425, 421, first published in 1883.

[5]. Barstow, A.E. (Major), The Sikhs: An Ethnology, reprinted by B.R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi, India, 1985, pp. 105-135.

[6]. Bingley, A.H. (Captain), Handbooks for the Indian Army: Sikhs, compiled under the orders of the Government of India, Printed at the Government Central Printing Office, Simla, India, 1899, pp. 29-37.

[7]. Falcon, R.W. (Captain), Handbook on Sikhs for the Use of Regimental Officers, Printed at the Pioneer Press, Allahabad, India, 1896, pp. 81-103.

[8]. Lalli, V.R., Proceedings of the Annual Reliability and Maintainability Symposium, 1990, pp. 337-340.

[9]. Mongait, A.L., Archaeology in the U.S.S.R., Penguin Books, London, 1961.


History and study of the Jats End of Page 130


End of the book History and study of the Jats by Prof. B S Dhillon

References