Mulaka (मूलक) was a Janapada near Ashmaka country during pre-Buddhist period. It has been identified with area corresponding to Paithan on the banks of Godavari River in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra.
Mention by Panini
James Tod in his Itinerary from Jaisalmer to Sehwan, on the right bank of the Indus, and Haidarabad, and return by Umarkot to Jaisalmer writes about Mulana , Town high road from Upper to Lower Sind, (24 coss). — A hamlet of ten huts ; chiefly Sindis ; situated amidst lofty sandhills. From Sum, the first half of the journey is over alternate sandhills, rocky ridges (termed magra), and occasionally plain ; for the next three, rocky ridges and sandhills without any flats, and the remaining nine coss a succession of lofty tibas. In all this space of twenty- four coss there are no wells, nor is a drop of water to be had but after rain, when it collects in some old tanks or reservoirs, called nadi and taba, situated half-way, where in past times there was a town.
It is asserted, that before the Muhammadans conquered Sind and these regions, the valley and desert belonged to Rajput princes of the Pramar and Solanki tribes ; that the whole thal (desert) was more or less inhabited, and the remains of old tanks and temples, notwithstanding the drifting of the sands, attest the fact. Tradition records a famine of twelve years' duration during the time of Lakha Phulani, in the twelfth century, which depopulated the country, when the survivors of the thal fled to the kachhi, or flats of the Sind. There are throughout still many oases or cultivated patches, designated by the local terms from the  indispensable element, water, which whether springs or rivulets, are called wah, bah, beria, rar, tar, prefixed by the tribe of those pasturing, whether Sodhas, Rajars, or Samaichas. The inhabitants of one hamlet will go as far as ten miles to cultivate a patch.
Distribution in Pakistan
- An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, The Oriental University Institute, Woking, 1891, p.28,92,98,123,136
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.754
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.505
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.176, 210
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.240
- James Todd Annals/Sketch of the Indian Desert, Vol. III,p. 1310
- Census Of India 1911 Volume xiv Punjab Part 2 by Pandit Narikishan Kaul
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