Saand

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Saand (सांड) Sand (सांड) is a Muslim Jat clan found in Punjab,India and Pakistan.

Origin

Sand and Saj consider themselves as descendants of Maan Gotra.

History

Ram Swarup Joon[1] writes In the Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48, while describing various Kings who attended a ceremony in the Durbar (court) of Maharaja Yudhisthira, seventeen names are mentioned which are today found as Jat gotras. These are Malhia, Mylaw, Sindhar, Gandhar, Mahity, Mahe, Savi, Bath, Dharan, Virk, Dard, Shaly, Matash, Kukar (Khokar) Kak, Takshak, Sand, Bahik (Bathi) Bije (Bijenia), Andhra, Sorashtra (Rathi) Mann, Ar, Sohat, Kukat, Othiwal (Othval).


Ram Swarup Joon[2] writes about Sahi, Saj and Sand: Sahi is a very old gotra and people belonging to Saj and Sand gotras consider themselves to be the descendants of Mann gotra Jat Muslims belonging to these gotras are found in Multan and Gujrat districts of the Western Punjab.

Sand Rulers in Kachchh

Gunthli is a small village about 36 miles north-west of Bhuj, has the ruins of a walled city, rising boldly from the Dharur River, which falls into Run about 12 miles north. The line of the walls, 2250 yards round and something of an oblong square in shape, though much decayed may be clearly traced. Inside is nothing but a heap of ruins, the remains of houses and temples. In I828, the villagers constantly turned up pieces of old vessels, ass coins, and occasional boxes of money. An old Mahadev temple was believed to bold snake-guarded treasured.[3]

On the bank of a small late to the west of the fort, seven grave stones, palias, with peculiar designs but no writings, are said to have been raised in honour of seven claimants for the hand of Guntri the adopted sister of the seven Sānds, once the rulers of the fort. It was from these seven Sands, probably early in the fourteenth century, that the Sammas captured the fort and made themselves masters of western Kutch. [4]

The story is that Mod and Manāi, two Samma outlaws from Sindh, by treachery gained possession of Vāgham - Chāvdagadh ten miles north of Kora near Lakhpat. Vāgham Chavda, whom the Sammas killed, was a vassal of the seven Sands. They at first threatened punishment, but were appeased by the offer of a larger tribute and of one of the Samma brothers as hostage. Part of the tribute was paid in grass, and one year the Sammas, in each cart of grass, hid some armed men. As the carts passed through the city gate, the blind gatekeeper smelling something more than grass, said, "There is either flesh or pulse in the cart?". A spear driven into one cart cut the thigh of a Jat soldier. But he, uttering no sound of pain, as the spear was pulled out rubbed off the blood, and, in spite of the blind man's warning, the carts passed in. At night the armed men left the carts, fell on the garrison, seized the fort, and drove the seven Sānds into Kathiawar.[5]

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

Distribution in Pakistan

According to 1911 census the Saand were the principal Muslim Jat clan in district with population -

Notable persons

References


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