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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)

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Map of Bastar district

Sonarpal (सोनारपाल) is village in Bastar tahsil of Bastar district in Chhattisgarh.


Jat Gotras Namesake


It is situated 11km away from sub-district headquarter Bastar (tehsildar office) and 31km away from district headquarter Jagdalpur. According to Census 2011 information the location code or village code of Sonarpal village is 449328. Sonarpal village is located in Bastar tehsil of Bastar district in Chhattisgarh, India. As per 2009 stats, Sonarpal village is also a gram panchayat. The total geographical area of village is 466.18 hectares. [1]

Sonarpal is a Village in Bastar Tehsil in Bastar District of Chattisgarh State, India. It is located 10 KM towards North from District head quarters Jagdalpur. 6 KM from Bastar. Sonarpal Pin code is 494224 and postal head office is Bhanpuri . Bade Alnar ( 4 KM ) , Seoni ( 6 KM ) , Salemeta-2 ( 7 KM ) , Salemeta-1 ( 7 KM ) , Chamiya ( 7 KM ) are the nearby Villages to Sonarpal. Sonarpal is surrounded by Bakawand Tehsil towards East , Tokapal Tehsil towards South , Lohandiguda Tehsil towards west , Jagdalpur Tehsil towards South .[2]


Sunarpal and Chapka are -within 12 miles from Narayanpal. Chapka has a number of sati pillars, several of which are inscribed. [3]

IV. Sunarpal stone inscription of Mahadevi, queen of Jayasimhadeva

Source – Epigraphia Indica Vol. IX (1907-08): A S I, Edited by E. Hultzsoh, Ph.D. & Sten Konow, Ph.D.,pp. p.163

[p.163]: Sunarpal is about 10 miles from Narayanpal. The stone is partially broken, and a part of the inscription is gone. It is undated. It records the grant of land, or, more properly, an imprecation against the resumption of granted land, and gives the names of witnesses before whom the gift was made, but it is not stated where. The gift was apparently made by Mahadevi, the chief queen of Jayasimhadeva of the Naga race, the supreme lord of Bhogavati, having the tiger with a calf as his crest. He is called Rajadhiraja Maharaja Sri Jayasimhadeva.

No.6. Sunarpal Stone Inscription Of Jayasimhadeva

No.6. Sunarpal Stone Inscription Of Jayasimhadeva
By Rai Bahadur Hira Lal, B.A; Nagpur.

Source - Epigraphia Indica & Record of the Archaeological Survey of India, Vol.X, 1909-10, pp.35-36

Sunarpal Stone Inscription Of Jayasimhadeva.p.35.jpg
Sunarpal Stone Inscription Of Jayasimhadeva.p.36.jpg

[p.35]: Sunarpal is a village about 10 miles from Narayanpal 1 in the Bastar State. I think the name is a corruption of Suvarnapura (सुवर्णपुर), which was probably prevalent during the rule of the Nagavamsi kings of Bastar. A fragmentary inscription of that dynasty was found here by Rai Bahadur Diwan Baijnath who kindly sent me 4 impressions from which I edit it.2 The slab on which it is inscribed measures 4"xl'5-1/2" and the writing covers 4'xl'5" including the imprecatory figures at the bottom which occupy 6". These figures are a cow and a calf, a dagger and shield, a linga and the sun and the moon as found in other Nagavansi inscriptions. The upper layer of a portion of the left comer at the top has gone off damaging the first 5 lines which deal with the birudas of the king, but they can be restored from other allied records. The writing is bold, but weather-worn. The characters are Nagari. The average size of the letters is 1". The inscription seems to have been composed by a person who knew very little of Sanskrit, if at all. He had no doubt committed to memory the birudas of the ruling king, but where long samāsas were involved, he remembered only portions of them and wrote them down without caring whether they conveyed any meaning or not. For instance, in lines 6 and 7 we find.......(?) His imprecatory verses at the end are similarly amusing. He seems to have been a native of the United Provinces which may be inferred from the vernacular word dinha (gave) of which apparently he did not know the Sanskrit equivalent. He has, however, endeavoured his best to give his composition a Sanskrit look and we may therefore allow that the language is Sanskrit and pass on without referring to orthographical peculiarities, as they are merely blunders.

The inscription is of no importance excepting that it furnishes the name of a new Nagavamsi king which will be useful in making out a dynastic list. It gives no date, nor does it mention the name of the place where the grant was made. It does not even say what was granted, but from the imprecations it may be inferred that it was some land. Perhaps Ádhakaḍa was the name of the village granted. The gift was apparently made by the queens of Jayasimhadeva of the Naga race, who belonged to the Kasyapa-gotra and was the supreme lord of Bhogavati, having the tiger with, a calf as his crest. He is called Rajadhiraja Maharaja sri-Jayasimhadeva. The names of witnesses before whom the grant was made are recorded as usual.

In line 11, the panchapradhan[āh'], i.e. the five ministers, seem to be mentioned. Four of them are enumerated. But the fifth is not mentioned as such. In Eastern Chalukya copper-plate grants, the king generally makes gifts in the presence of the matrin (councilor), purohita (family priest), senapati (commander of the army), yuvaraja (heir-apparent) and the davvarika (door-keeper). The executors of the Chellur plates of Vira-Choda (वीरछोड़) and of the Pithapuram plates of the same king are said to be the pancha-pradhanah, i,e. the five ministers.

1. See above, Vol. IX, p. 161,

2 The text has been subsequently compared with a fresh impression taken by Mr. Yenkoba Rao at the instance of the Government Epigraphist for India.

3. No. 265 of the Madras Epigraphical Collection for 1908.

4. Supply Savasti sahasra phaṇam°,

5. Supply °ṇa-nikar-āvabhā°

6. Supply cṡu bhat bhoga

Abridged Translation

[p.36]: L1. 1-17. His Majesty Maharajadhiraja Maharaja, the glorious Jayasimhadeva of the Naga race, the lord of Bhogavati, the best of cities, having the tiger with a calf as his crest and belonging to the Kasyapa-gotra, whose shout of victory is (universally) known and who resembles a bee which is rendered yellow by the mass of the pollen of lotus flower Jayasimhadeva gave the village of Ádhakaḍa (आधकाड़) (in the presence of ?) his queen Lokamahadevi and the great queen Ṡāsanadevi (शासनदेवी ) (or Somaladevi) and the five ministers (pancha pradhana), (viz.) the chief Minister, secondly, the grand warden (? paḍivala), thirdly, the prince in charge of the whisk (? chavari-kumara) , fourthly, the lord of the intelligence department ( sarvavadi Nayaka) (and) Dādesari-pātra Chavakā. Amvāvali Nayaka (is) a witness and -file second witness (is) Naḍayā Brahmana.

L1. 17-23. .....a cow-killer and also an ungrateful person may be a purified. The purification of the sin of killing a Brahmana or soiling the preceptor's 23 bed has not 24 been seen (heard of) ; (similarly) a confiscator of land cannot be purified. Resumers of previous gifts are born (again) as black serpents lying in the arid hollows of waterless deserts. Rama ! (This) was caused to be written by Palyama Nayaka.


Sonarpal has a total population of 3,214 peoples, out of which male population is 1,596 while female population is 1,618. Literacy rate of sonarpal village is 54.92% out of which 62.97% males and 46.97% females are literate. There are about 756 houses in sonarpal village. Pincode of sonarpal village locality is 495674. Bastar is nearest town to sonarpal for all major economic activities, which is approximately 11km away.[4]


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