Ahi

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Ahi(अही) is a Jat clan.

Origin

Mention by Panini

Ahi (अहि) is a term mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [1]


Ahivati (अहिवती) is name of a River mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Sharādi (शरादि) (6.3.120) group. [2]


Ahika (आहिक) is a term mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [3]

Places in Turkey

List of place names in Turkey includes....Ahi Mesud, Ahi Elvan...

History

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[4] writes.... According to Ram Chandra Jain246 the Panchajna , were racially Panchajatah living on the banks of the Saraswati247 and all of them from Ayu down to Puru belonged to the Ahi race, autochthons of the north-western part of India. Shafer appeaars to be confused in deciding the ethnicity of the Anavas. His Tibeto-Burman claim for them is not supported by others. His assertions are, more or less, based on linguistic evidence which has long been discarded by scientists as a sure test of a race. Chattopadhyaya's contention does not


The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations: End of p.154


invite adverse criticism whereas Pagliaro's assumptions lack further identification of the Persian-speaking Tajiks, who may also be a section of the Indo-Aryans.

Jain's hypothesis demands comment. He follows the Jain tradition, which is not acceptable to us in toto. We must first try to determine whether the Panchajna were Ahis or Aryan. There may have been an Ahi249 race in pre-historic India but it has not so far been scientifically identified. The sobriquet, Ahi, must have been used opprobriously like Mleccha and Rakshasa to denounce the Aryan tribes that did not succumb to orthodox Brahmanism. The Rig Veda and other texts state that Indra destroyed the Purus, the Vrtras and the Dasyus250. The Purus were Mrdhrivachah251 and Vadhrivachah252 as well as a-yajnika253. Puru was an Asura-Raksas254, the Yadus and Turvasus were Dasas255 and Vratyas256. The Anavas were known as Mlecchas257, and likewise the Druhyus were declared Mleclthas258. But surprisingly,the Anavas have nowhere been described as Ahis or as their descendents.


246. Ethnology of Anc. Ind., Varanasi, 1970, p. 70.
247. RV., VI. 5.12.12.
248. Jain, Ram Chandra; op.cit., pp. 70-79.
249. Ahi means "Snake of the sky" (Monier-Williams, Skt. Eng. Dic. p. 125, It is also used for the demon named Vritra). "Ajgar" is a term still current in north- western India. It also means snake, but earthly one.It is said to have been framed with the first letters of the names of the four dominant communities, viz. Ahir, Jat, Gujar and Rajput living in the region. What an invention. The forefathers were stigmatised as Ahi, their descendents, as Ajgar.
250. RV., VI. 4.1.14.
251. Ibid., VII. 2.1.13; Mardhravac means speaking injuriously or (contumeliously or insultingly (Monier-Williams Skt, Eng. Dic. p. 831). Vadhrivac means speaking unmanly or useless words of idle talking, Ibid., p. 917). He never states that they were Ahis.
252. RV., X. 2.7.6.
253. Jain, RC.; Origin of the Kuru Tribes, Jain Bharati Research Number, 1963, p. 11.
254. Sat. Br., VI. 1.14. RV. VII, 1.8.4.
255. RV. X. 5.2.10.
256. Raychowdhari, His. Of Anc. Ind., 1950, p. 142.
257. Mbt. (Cr. ED). 1.80.26.
258. Law, B.C; op.cit., p. 262. Mlechha means to speak indistinctly (like a foreigner or barbarian who does not speak Sanskrit), non-Aryan, man or an out-caste race who does not speak Sanskrit and does not conform to the usual Hindu institutions, a person who lives by agriculture or by making weapons, a wicked or bad man, sinner, ignorant, Ibid., p. 837). Non-Skt, speaking agriculturist Indians were not necessarily foreigners and culturally they might be rustic and unsophisticated, but they are not stated as Ahi. Mlechha may have been people of Meluha (lower Indus Valley).


Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[5] writes....We know it for certain from the Rigveda itself that Vrtra, also called Ahi[6], son of Danu[7], was a human being[8], and his tribe or followers, the enemies of the Aryans[9], were spread over from the Saraswati river to Iran[10] and the Dniepr (Danapr) of Klejn. As the Aryans from the Sapta Sindhu continued establishing their colonies in the West, they went on vanquishing the Vrtras. First of all, (as Vrtraghni[11], an appellation of the Sarasvati, suggests), they were wiped off from this region, then from the confluence of the Vipasa and Sutudri[12], next from the Indus Valley[13] and finally, as already noted, from the Daniepr.

References

  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.221
  2. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.511
  3. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.8
  4. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, p. 154-155
  5. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/The migrations of the Jats to the North-Western countries, p.252-253
  6. RV. 1.10.1.4
  7. Ibid., 1.7.29; 2.1.118; 4.3.97.
  8. Ibid., 8.2.1.6; 8.8.7.2; 8.2.1.13; 8.2.2.23; 1.11.4.6 and 1.10.2.10.
  9. Ibid., 1.3.1.2; 1.10.3.6; 1.15.9.7; 3.4.12.5; 4.3.1.9; 4.3.3.10; 6.2.1.34; 6.2.'1.13; 6.4.1.14; 7.2.3.10; 7.1.1.10; 7.2.14.6; 7.5.15.3; 8.3.3.3-11; 8.9.10.5; 9.1.1.10; etc.
  10. Jain R.C.; Ethnology of Anc. Bharata, p. 41. Cf. Buddha Prakash, Vritra, ABORI Vol. 30, p. 200.
  11. RV, 6.61.7. Das, AC.; op.cit., p. 54.
  12. Jain, R.C., op.cit., p. 43. RY. 3.3.4.6.
  13. Kosambi, op.cit., p. 79.

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