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Aka (अका)[1] (Ako) is Jat gotra found in Afghanistan[2]. Ako and Aka of Afghanistan stand for the Aga Jat.[3] Aka may stand for Akha/ Akhai, Greek, or Aga, Jat, and more probably is the Naga clan of that name. [4] The Aka, also known as Hrusso, are found in Arunachal Pradesh.


For origin of Aka log link : http://www.jatland.com/home/Aksha

But some recent authors believe that it gets name from Raja Ahuka (आहूक).[5]


Rajatarangini[6] tells us that Nara II was succeeded by his son Aksha who also reigned for sixty years. He built a holy place called after his name Akshavala. Agi/Aka originated from Aksha.

Aka is the name of a Naga tribe.[7]

While writing on the ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellow gives following information on the Asi/Asii:

Yusaf (same as Isap) is divided into five clan— Isa, Musa, Bai, Aka and Urya. They occupy Kohistan or hill country of the Yusafzai or Isap, which is commonly called Yoghistan or independent country.
Isa which is the Musalman form of Asi (Asva) has following sections Alisher, Aymal, Aypi, Burhan, Dadi, Gadae, Hasan, Hoti, Hyasw, Kika, Kamal, Kamboh (i.e Kambojia), Kanra, Khadin, Khaki, Kotwal, Lughman, Madi, Makho, Mama, Mashu, Musara, Mirhamad, Nasrat, Panjpao, Salar, Sen, Shergha, She, Taju, Taos, Warkam, Walayati, Ya, Zakarya etc (See: An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, 1891, pp 80, 146, 150 Henry Walter Bellew).

H. W. Bellew[8] writes that ...Alexander then entered that part of the country which lies between the two rivers Kophenes and Indus (Kabul and Indus rivers), where Nysa is said to be situate, and on arrival at Nysa (modern Nisatta, on the left bank of the Landi Swat river, near its junction with the Kabul stream) with his army, the citizens sent a deputation headed by Akalphis (perhaps a chief of the Aka tribe of the Naga), beseeching Alexander to leave the liberties of the city entire for the sake of their god Dionysus, and assuring him that Bacchus, having subdued the Indians and determined to return to Greece, built this city as a monument of his victories, and the mountain also which is so near it (Kohi Mor or Kiamur) he would have denominated Merus.

Scholars like Dr Moti Chandra, Dr Krishna Chandra Mishra and Dr J. L. Kamboj write that Karpasika of Mahabharata is same as Kapisa or Ki-pin (or Ke-pin, Ka-pin, Chi-pin) of the Chinese records and represents the modern Kafiristan (now Nurestan)/Kohistan.[9]

Aka tribe in India

The Aka, also known as Hrusso, are found in the Thrizino (cultural hub), Bhalukpong (commercial hub), Buragaon, Jamiri, Palizi, Khuppi area in West Kameng of the Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh. Their language belongs to the Tibeto-Burman family.

The Aka share strong cultural affinities with the Miji, and intermarriage with the Miji is prevalent.[10] Centuries of Vaishnava and intermittent Tibetan influence from the Sherdukpen has shaped the Aka culture into its modern form. Handicrafts, basket weaving and wood carving are the principal arts among the Aka tribe. Intermittent Tibetan contacts is evidenced by the fact that the Aka and Mishmis are known as "Khakhra" (meaning barbarians) to the Tibetans.[11]

One of the most notable features of Aka arts is the Chinese design of the Jana flower, which can be often found on many of the indigenous haversacks. It is a known legend that the Jana flower represents the commemorate an ancient Tibetan king, who was believed to have led his entire life through daily reincarnations. It was also believed that he lived in an open giant palace that grew the Jana flowers every time the sun sets.

Indigenous festivals under the guidance of a village shaman such as those of the four-day Nechido festival, held in January, involves the affiliation with the natural world and community. For the convenience of administration, the Aka people elects a chief, who often acts the role of the village headman. Polygamy is widely practiced in their patrilineal society, and cross-cousin marriages are accepted. Like most tribes, the Aka have an elementary caste system, the aristocrat Kutsun and the commoner Kevatsum.

The Aka practice shifting cultivation and rear domestic animals such as the Mithun. Temporary huts, accommodated by young boys, are built near the field to guard the crops from the animals. The staple food of Akas is maize and millet. They plant leaves, pulses, potato and rice. Drinks locally made from fermented maize and millet include Lao pani, Mingri and the Aarah.


They occupy Kohistan or hill country of the Yusafzai or Isap, which is commonly called Yoghistan or independent country in Afghanistan.


Notable persons

See also


  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. अ-2
  2. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.16,129,155,158,168
  3. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.31,108
  4. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.78,80,98,108,119,121,128
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas,
  6. Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book I,p.22
  7. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, p.14
  8. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.69
  9. Geographical and Economic Studies in the Mahābhārata: Upāyana Parva, 1945, p 44, Dr Moti Chandra; Tribes in the Mahabharata: A Socio-cultural Study, 1987, p 94, Krishna Chandra Mishra - Mahābhārata.
  10. Dept. of Anthropology, University of Gauhati (2006). Bulletin of the Department of Anthropology. Dept. of Anthropology, University, University of Gauhati, India Gauhati. p. 28.
  11. Sarat Chandra Das (1989). A Tibetan–English Dictionary: With Sanskrit Synonyms. Asian Educational Services. p. 124. ISBN 81-206-0455-5.

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