Bajwa

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Bajwa (Urdu: باجوہ) (Hindi: बाजवा)[1][2] [3] is a Jat gotra or clan. They are spread across the Punjab region divided between Northern India and Pakistan.

Origin

Baijavapi (बैजवापि) is a Janapada mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Damanyadi (दामन्यादि) (V.3.116) group. [4]

Etymology

Bajwa are believed to be the bravest clan of Jatt. Bajwa means the Clan of the Hawk, and is a common last name amongst Punjabis. The word itself "Bajwa" is derived from the word Baaz Wala (pronounced as Baaj in colloquial Punjabi), the Arabic word for hawk or falcon.

Bajwa in Persian also means "the people who levied Tax". Bajwas living in the Bajwat area (the Sialkot and Narowal districts in Punjab (Pakistan) were known to harass the invading armies of Timur, Ahmed Shah Abdali and others, who invaded India from the northwest.

History

Bajwa is a prominent Jat clan of the Punjab. They claim Suryavanshi jats descent.

The ancestor of the Bajwas is Baba Manga. Their place of origin is Bajwat in the Sialkot and Narowal districts of Pakistan. This place is located in the Shiwalik foothills and is quite near the Indian border as well as the city of Jammu. At one time, Bajwa Jats had eighty-four villages in the Sialkot area.

Another legend is that one of their ancestors, Rai Jaison, was forced to leave Delhi by Rai Pithora (Prithvi Raj Chauhan).

Baba Manga had seven sons. The eldest, Naro established a village, which was named as Narowal after him. Another son, Deepa founded Kotli Bajwa and a third one, Chandu founded Chanduwal.

The founder of the Bajwa clan, Bajwat (or Wajab) used to live in Jaisalmer in Rajasthan. From there, he migrated to Sialkot and Gujranwala. One of his descendants became the ruler of Multan. Raja Shilp, a Bajwa ruler, was ousted from Multan by Sikandar Lodhi. Raja Shilp had two sons named Kala and Lis. Both used to rear hawks. Bajwas in India are mostly Sikhs and Bajwas in Pakistan are usually Muslims. Bajwas became Sikh at the time of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Distribution in Jammu And Kashmir

Villages in Jammu district

Rakh Flora,

Distribution in Punjab

Villages in Jalandhar district

According to B S Dhillon the population of Bajwa clan in Jalandhar district is 1,800.[5]

Villages in Patiala district

Bajwa population in Patiala is 2,820.[6] Bajwa population in Amritsar is 2,874.[7]

Villages in Gurdaspur district

In Gurdaspur district the Bajwa population is 3,711. [8]

Bajwa Jatts and Bajju Rajputs

Bajwa Jatts are closely linked to the Bajju Rajputs.

Lis migrated to Jammu. There, he married a Rajput girl. His descendants were called Bajju Rajputs. Kala, on the other hand, married a Jat girl and settled in the Pasrur area. Kala’s descendants came to be known as Bajwa Jats. Thus, both groups have common ancestries.

Customs

Both Bajwa Jatts and Bajju Rajputs are settled in the Bajwat region of Jammu-Sialkot-Narowal. Their customs are very similar. They take their newly wed brides to the Samadhi of their ancestor, Baba Manga to pay obeisance. Baba Manga is worshipped. Like other Jat clans, Bajwas give a cut to the tree of Jand.

Religion

Indian Bajwas are mostly Sikhs, while in Pakistan, they are mostly Muslims.

Muslims 45%, Sikhs 40%, Ahmadies 10% & Hindus 5%

Distribution in Pakistan

Bajwas are found in all tehsils except Daska. In the Sialkot tehsil they inhabit the Bhagowal zail only. In the Zafarwal tehsil they are grouped around Chawinda, in the Raya tehsil around Narowal, while in Pasrur they are found mainly in the northwest with headquarters at Kalaswala.

Famous Bajwas

  • Baba Mehar Manga - Bajwa Gotra बाबा मेहेर मांगा - बाजवा गोत्री
  • Sardar Chet Singh Bajwa - Sardar Chet Singh Bajwa was a deorhidar serving Maharaja Ranjit Singh as well as Maharaja Kharak Singh. He was murdered by the Dogras in 1839 A.D.
  • Vice-Chief of General Staff, Maj. General Anis Bajwa 28 July 2005 : The Secretary-General, Kofi Annan, has appointed Maj. Gen (ret) Anis A. Bajwa as the new Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Timor-Leste. He has worked for the past two years at the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations (DPKO) as the first Director of Change Management with major responsibilities including DPKO strategic and programme planning as well as the development and application of an integrated operational planning process. He has also previously served in UN peacekeeping missions as Chief Military Observer in Georgia from 2000 to 2002 and Chief of Staff of UNOSOM II in Somalia in 1993. He had a distinguished career in the National Army of Pakistan including important assignments as Vice Chief of Staff of the Pakistan Army and as Chief of Staff of President Pervez Musharraf. He retired from the Pakistan Army in 2003 after more than 37 years of service.
  • Waqar Bajwa, An extremely prominant and famous business man settled in New York City, New York. He is Widely known and is an entrepanuer. Is originally from Pakistan.
  • Waqar Ahmad Bajwa, a CPA settled in the DC area. Origanally from Pakistan. Helped erect New Pakistan Embassy in Washinton DC.
  • Late Kulbir Singh Bajwa (IPS) - during the Emergency proclaimed by Late Mrs. Indira Gandhi from 1975-1977 Mr. Bajwa was in-charge of the 'incarceration lists'. Late Shri K.S.Bajwa had a distinguished career in Delhi Police and CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force).He is still remembered with honour for his integrity, Honesty and his contribution to the DPS (Delhi Police Service) and CRPF (Centeral Reserve Police Force).
  • Wg. Cdr. Kuldeep Singh Bajwa (Retd.) -- during the Indo-Pak War Wg. Cdr. Bajwa was credited with checking the advance of Pakistan's tanks into the Rajasthan sector; in the movie 'Border' this role was played by Jackie Shroff.
  • Prof. (Wg Cdr) Gulshan Kumar Bajwa, Advocate-on-Record 2006 (AoR, Supreme Court of India) -- who was in the News in the year 2006 for speaking the Truth about an apparent miscarriage of justice by a Delhi High Court's judge who was sitting in a Bench. In Law, the concerned Bench was precluded from hearing that particular case and, hence, after registering the relevant objection, Mr. Bajwa did not appear before that Bench. As a counter-blast, the said Bench ordered his arrest -- 'The Hindustan Times' correspondent reported that on 31.08.2006 when the said judge issued a BW against the aforesaid AoR, the said judge's mother-in-law died, and when the same judge got that AoR arrested on 18.09.2006, the said judge's mother also died (this factual position may be confirmed from court-records, Mr. Debu -- the Correspondent, and Mr. Sood -- the Court-Master). Later on, a Lady Law Clerk of that judge also levelled, before Supreme Court, allegation of sexual harassment against the same very judge.
  • Jugpreet Bajwa A young, differently enabled, Indo-Canadian Singer -- who by his grit & determination overcame the loss of sight at the tender age of six months; the said disability was caused due to doctor's negligence in Canada. More at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jugpreet_Singh_Bajwa.
  • Rupa Bajwa 30 year-old Amritsar-based author. Bajwa's The Sari Shop (2004), set in Amritsar, won the 2004 Orange Prize for Fiction.The Best First Book award in the regional round (Eurasia) of the Commonwealth Writers' Prize. She has been awarded the prestigious literary award of India- the Sahitya Akademi Award in English 2006 for her debut novel `The Sari Shop`.


Players:

  • Muhammad Asif Bajwa(Assistant Coach) Born on June 6, 1972. Serving in United Bank. Represented Pakistan in the BMW Trophy 1992, World Cup 1994, Champions trophy 1993 & 1994, Asian Games 1994 and Azlan Shah Cup Hockey tournament 1995. XVII Commonwealth Games - Manchester - 2002.
  • Satinder Bajwa a famous personality in the world of Squash. He coached Jansher Khan, arguably one the best squash players in history (challenged by Jahangir Khan for that title) for almost 10 years, and Mir Zaman Gul, who rose to world number 6 under Bajwa's coaching. Known affectionately as 'Baj', he is now Harvard Univesity's squash coach (Harvard has one of the best college squash teams in the United States). He has also coached teams from Bowdoin College and US Military Academy. Baj's dedication to squash commits him to run squash training programs for young players during the summer and compete in age tournaments such as under 50's most recently. Aside from coach and competition, Baj has also managed for many years, one of the most lucrative professional squash tournaments on the professional circuit ('The Super Series of Squash'), which only invites the top 8 professional players in world.
  • Rizwan Bajwa a famous football player in New York. He is married to a well known fashion designer Meghan Rizwan.

References


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