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For village named Deh see Deh Jayal

Deha (देह) (Old Persian: Dahyu) Dah (दह) Dehgan (देहगान), Dihgan (दिहगान), Dihqan (दिह्कान), Dehqan (देह्कान) is a Jat clan found in Afghanistan.[1] The Dehqan or Dihqan was a class of land-owning magnates during the Sasanian and early Islamic period. [2].


  • Dehqan: The dehqan or dihqan (Persian: دهقان‎‎), were a class of land-owning magnates during the Sasanian and early Islamic period, found throughout Iranian-speaking lands. [3]. The original meaning was “pertaining to deh" (Old Persian: dahyu), the latter term not in the later sense of “village” (as in Modern Persian) but in the original sense of “land”. [4].


According to H.A. Rose, Dehgan (देहगान), Dihgan (दिहगान), Dihqan (दिह्कान), Dehqan (देह्कान) an Iranian (Tajik) tribe (or rather class, as the word means husbandman) which is represented by the Shalmanis of the Peshawar valley. Raverty says that the Chaghān-Sarai valley on the west side of the Chitral river also contains several large Dihgan villages which owe allegiance to the Sayyids of Kunar. [6]

H. W. Bellew[7] writes that ....The general idea regarding the origin of the word Hazarah is that it is derived from the Persian word hazar, "a thousand," and was applied to these people by their neighbours, in consequence of their having been planted here as military colonists in detachments of a thousand fighting men each by Changhiz Khan in the first quarter of the thirteenth century. It is said that Changhiz Khan left ten such detachments here, nine of them in the Hazarah of Kabul, and the tenth in the Hazarah of Pakli to the east of the Indus. This last, it would seem, was an outpost only whilst Changhiz wintered in Swat prior to his return to Tamghaj, and pending the Indian king's reply to his request for a passage to that country through India.

Amongst themselves this people never use the term Hazarah as their national appellation, and yet they have no name for their people as a nation. They are only known amongst themselves by the names of their several principal tribes and the clans subordinate to them respectively. Thus they are either Jaghuri or Bihsud, or Dahi Zangi, or Dahi Kundi, or Gaur, &c, as the case may be. With respect to the two last named, the term Dahi or Deh, as it is usually written by us, would seem to be a national appellation, and may be perhaps a trace of the Dahae of Transoxiana, who at first fought with and then coalesced with the Saka in their invasion of this region about the time of the Christian era. There are other Hazarah tribes with the same prefix, as the Dahi Rawad, Dahi Chopan Dahya, &c

Notable persons


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