|Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (R)|
Hansa (हंस) (Hamsa) was a king of Mahabharata period. He was born in Kuruvansha son of Arishta. He was an ally of Jarasandha. Hansa is name of a mountain mentioned in Vishnu Purana 2,2,29 located in north of India.
Jat Gotras from Hansa
Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 60 gives genealogy of all the principal creatures. Hansa (हंस)is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.60.56). .....And Kaki brought forth the crows; Syeni, the hawks, the cocks and vultures, Dhritarashtri, all ducks and swans; and she also brought forth all Chakravakas; and the fair Suki, of amiable qualities, and possessing all auspicious signs brought forth all the parrots.
Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Book I Chapter 61 gives genealogy of the Danavas, Asuras, Kauravas, Pandavas, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Rakshasas. Hansa (हंस)is mentioned in Mahabharata (I.61.77)....."That son of Arishta who was known by the name of Hansa, was born in the Kuru race and became the monarch of the Gandharvas."
Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13 mentions the Kshatriyas in support of Jarasandha. Hansa (हंस)is mentioned in Mahabharata (II.13.11).....There are two others, Hansa and Dimbaka, of great energy and great soul, who have sought the shelter of the mighty Jarasandha.
Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13 mentions again Hansa (हंस) in Mahabharata (II.13.36). ....But after the immediate cause of fear was removed (by the death of Kansa), Jarasandha, his father-in-law, took up arms. Ourselves consisting of the eighteen younger branches of the Yadavas arrived at the conclusion that even if we struck our enemies continually with excellent weapons capable of taking the lives of the foes, we should still be unable to do anything unto him even in three hundred years. He hath two friends that are like unto the immortals, and in point of strength the foremost of all men endued with might. They are called Hansa and Dimbaka who are both incapable of being slain by weapons. The mighty Jarasandha, being united with them, becomes incapable, I think, of being vanquished by even the three worlds.
- तामरा हंसमार्गाश च तदैव करभञ्जकाः
- उथ्थेश मात्रेण मया थेशाः संकीर्तिताः परभॊ (VI. 10.68)
- The Mahabharata Tribe - Hansa (हंस)/Hamsamarga (हंसमार्ग) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Hans (हंस) or Hansawat (हंसावत).
Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) writes that: Here we refer again to Varahamihira who gives somatometric traits or anthropometrical description of five great men Hansa, Sasa, Rucaka, Bhadra and Malavya to serve as specimen. Varahamihira divides human beings (Indians) into five standardised types to guide sculptors and gives details of their physical features for the benefit of those practising the art of sculpture in fine arts181. The names of the five men chosen by Varahamihira point to their respective
The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations: End of p.144
homonymous tribes, which are described by the classical writers and the Epics. The physionomical details of the five great men are given below.
Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria) writes that: Hamsa (Hansamarga or Hans). Height span and girth 96 angulas or 72 inches each, red face shining like gold, plum cheeks, raised nose, round head, eyes like honey, red nails, weight 1600 palas, aged 90 years and rules over Khasas, Surasenas, Gandhara and Antarvedi. Hamsa or Hansa is also an important tribe among the Jats.
Rajatarangini tells us that when Sussala became king of Kashmir second time in 1121 AD he had to face defeat but continued the renewal of war. .... Although the king Sussala's army was destroyed, yet with twenty or thirty men of the royal blood and of his own country, Sussala faced the enemies.
हंसावती (AS, 1006) = Pegu (पीगू), दक्षिण बर्मा का प्राचीन भारतीय नाम. यहां भारतीय उपनिवेशकों ने पांचवी छठी सदी ईसा पूर्व में ही बस्तियां स्थापित कर ली थीं It was a colony of Indians settled in 5-6th century BCE.
- Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Chapter IV (Page 342)
- धृतराष्ट्री तु हंसांश च कलहंसांश च सर्वशः, चक्रवाकांश च भद्रं ते परजज्ञे सा तु भामिनी
- अरिष्टायास तु यः पुत्रॊ हंस इत्य अभिविश्रुतः, स गन्धर्वपतिर जज्ञे कुरुवंशविवर्धनः (1.67.77)
- अपरौ च महावीर्यौ महात्मानौ समाश्रितौ, जरासंधं महावीर्यं तौ हंसडिभकाव उभौ (2.13.11)
- तस्य हय अमरसंकाशौ बलेण बलिनां वरौ, नामभ्यां हंसडिभकाव इत्य आस्तां यॊधसत्तमौ
- The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, p.144
- The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/An Historico-Somatometrical study bearing on the origin of the Jats, p.146
- Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII,p.24
- Kings of Kashmira Vol 2 (Rajatarangini of Kalhana)/Book VIII,pp.92-93
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.1005
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.1006
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