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Hansa (हंस) (Hamsa) was a king of Mahabharata period. He was born in Kuruvansha son of Arishta. He was an ally of Jarasandha.

Jat Gotras from Hansa

Hans (हंस) Hans (हांस) Hansawat (हंसावत) Han (हाँ) is a gotra of Jats found in Punjab. They have originated from King Hansa (हंस) of Mahabharata period. He was an ally of Jarasandha.

Dilip Singh Ahlawat has mentioned Hansa Tribe as one of the ruling Jat clans in Central Asia.[1]

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 67 mentions the ancestry of Hansa.

"That son of Arishta who was known by the name of Hansa, was born in the Kuru race and became the monarch of the Gandharvas."
अरिष्टायास तु यः पुत्रॊ हंस इत्य अभिविश्रुतः
स गन्धर्वपतिर जज्ञे कुरुवंशविवर्धनः Mahabharata (1.67.77)

Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13 gives the List of Kshatriyas who joined Jarasandha: Hansa (हंस) and Dimvaka (डिभक) are mentioned together:

अपरौ च महावीर्यौ महात्मानौ समाश्रितौ
जरासंधं महावीर्यं तौ हंसडिभकाव उभौ Mahabharata (2.13.11)

The Mahabharata Tribe - Hamsamarga (हंसमार्ग) - Listed in 'geography' (VI. 10.68); they joined the Kaurava army (VII. 19.7).

तामरा हंसमार्गाश च तदैव करभञ्जकाः
उथ्थेश मात्रेण मया थेशाः संकीर्तिताः परभॊ (VI. 10.68)
The Mahabharata Tribe - Hansa (हंस)/Hamsamarga (हंसमार्ग) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Hans (हंस) or Hansawat (हंसावत).


Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[2] writes that: Here we refer again to Varahamihira who gives somatometric traits or anthropometrical description of five great men Hansa, Sasa, Rucaka, Bhadra and Malavya to serve as specimen. Varahamihira divides human beings (Indians) into five standardised types to guide sculptors and gives details of their physical features for the benefit of those practising the art of sculpture in fine arts181. The names of the five men chosen by Varahamihira point to their respective

The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations: End of p.144

homonymous tribes, which are described by the classical writers and the Epics. The physionomical details of the five great men are given below.

Hukum Singh Panwar (Pauria)[3] writes that: Hamsa (Hansamarga or Hans). Height span and girth 96 angulas or 72 inches each, red face shining like gold, plum cheeks, raised nose, round head, eyes like honey, red nails, weight 1600 palas, aged 90 years and rules over Khasas, Surasenas, Gandhara and Antarvedi. Hamsa or Hansa is also an important tribe among the Jats.

In Rajatarangini

Rajatarangini[4] tells us... Intent on killing the king Uchchala, they (Radda and Chhudda) sought for an opportunity and joined Hamsaratha &c. (p.24)

Rajatarangini[5] tells us that when Sussala became king of Kashmir second time in 1121 AD he had to face defeat but continued the renewal of war. .... Although the king Sussala's army was destroyed, yet with twenty or thirty men of the royal blood and of his own country, Sussala faced the enemies.

Tejahsalhana, the chief of the Hamsa family, who lived at Harihaḍa, of the royal blood and of his own country, helped Sussala in facing the enemies in 1121 AD. (p.92)


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