Khanda

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Khanda (खाण्डा)[1] Khandia (खाण्डिया)[2] Khanda (खन्दा) is a gotra of Jats found in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in India and Pakistan. Khundi/Khandya Baloch Jat clan is found in Afghanistan.[3]

Origin

Kraustaki (क्रौष्टकी) was an ancient republic of Ayudhjivi Sangha known to Panini, which gave name to this clan.[4]

This gotra is said to have started after people who always kept sword (khanda) with them. People of Khandavavana were also called Khanda. Khanda is the name of a village also. [5]

Mention by Panini

Khanda (खंड) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Ashmadi (अश्मादि) (4.2.80.8) group. [6]


Khanda (खण्ड) is name of a Country mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi under Dhumadi (धूमादि) (4.2.127) group. [7]


Khandu (खंडु) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Suvastvadi (सुवास्त्वादि) (4.2.77) group. [8] (KhanduKhandava)


Khandikiya (खांडिकीय) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [9]

History

Xanthioi are represented by the modern Khundi. [10]

The Mahabharata Tribe - Khandika (खण्डिक) Mentioned in Geography of Mahabharata (VI.10.46)

अपरन्ध्राश च शूद्राश च पह्लवाश चर्म खण्डिकाः
अटवी शबराश चैव मरु भौमाश च मारिष (VI.10.46)
निर्याय खाण्डव परस्दात परतीचीम अभितॊ दिशम
उथ्थिश्य मतिमान परायान महत्या सेनया सह (II.29.2)
The Mahabharata Tribe - Khandika (खण्डिक)/(Khandava (खाण्डव) may be identified with Jat Gotra - Khanda (खाण्डा) or Khandia (खाण्डिया) who live in Nimach district in Madhya Pradesh.

In Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 23 tells.... King Kakavannatissa caused a guard to hold the Damilas in check to be kept continually at all the fords of the Mahäganga. Now the king had, by another wife, a son named Dighabhaya; and he gave the guard near the Kacchaka ford into his charge. And to form the guard this (prince) commanded each noble family within a distance of two yojanas round (to send) one son thither. Within the district of Kotthivala, in the village of Khandakavitthika, lived the chief of a clan the headman named Samgha who had seven sons. To him, too, the prince sent a messenger demanding a son. His seventh son named Nimila had the strength of ten elephants. ....The king gave him (into the service of) the prince Gamani, and with high honours the warrior Süra Nimila took up his abode with him. (KhandakavitthikaKhanda)

Origin from Trigartas

Maheswari Prasad consider this gotra to have originated from ancient Trigarta clan named Krauṣṭakī. He[11] writes that it appears that at the time of the final redaction of the Mahabharata the tradition of the six important clans of the Trigartas was well established. It is carious to note that in connection with the application of a suffix Panini makes a reference to the Damini (दामिनी) group and the six Trigartas (दामन्यादि त्रिगर्तसष्टाच्छ: v.3.116). On the basis of an ancient verse the Kashika commentary names these as Kauṇḍoparastha (कौण्डोपरस्थ) , Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी), Krauṣṭakī (क्रौष्टकी), Jālamāni (जालमानि), Brahmagupta (ब्रह्मगुप्त), and Jānaki (जानकी). These communities mentioned in the grammatical literature can be identified with following Jat Gotra names:

  • (3) Dāṇḍakī (दाण्डकी): Dangi,
  • (5) Jālamāni (जालमानि): Jali,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Villages in Nimach district

Khanda (खण्दा)/(खंदा) Jats live in Nimach district in villages: Araniyachandel, Fatehnagar

Villages in Ratlam district

Villages in Ratlam district with population of Khanda (खन्दा) gotra are:

Bangrod 13, Banjali 1, Kalmoda 3, Malakheda 1, Raoti 1,

External links

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. ख-12,31
  2. Dr Pema Ram:‎Rajasthan Ke Jaton Ka Itihas, p.298
  3. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.36,133
  4. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 26
  5. Mahendra Singh Arya et al.: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 234
  6. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.501
  7. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.509
  8. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.508
  9. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 322
  10. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan By H. W. Bellew, p.36
  11. Maheswari Prasad, “Jats in Ancient India”:The Jats, Ed. Dr Vir Singh, Vol.I, p. 26

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