Lanjwani

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Lanjwani (लंजवानी) Langwani (लंगवानी) is a Muslim Jat clan found in Sindh province of Pakistan. The Lanjwani is a Baloch tribe and clan of Rind [1]. The Lanjwani tribe is settled in Sindh, Balochistan and Punjab provinces of Pakistan.

Origin

They have originated from Lanjo Khan Jat who was their ancestor.

History

They are also called Jat tribe. Lanjo Khan was the name of their great ancestor, after whom, they are now called Lanjwani. Lanjo khan had five sons, 1) Rais, 2) Kalo, 3) Yar, Mohammed, 4) Yousif and 5) Karam, Ali.

Their descendants now adopted the names Rasani, Kalozi, Yarozai, Yousifzai and Karamzai, Lanjwani respectively [2]. The Lanjwani tribes were Camel drivers, soldiers and servants of Baloch king, Mir Chakar Khan Rind [3].

The Lanjwani were the supporter of Mir Chakar Khan Rind|Mir Chakar's during the civil war between the Lashari and Rind tribes of Balochistan [4]. Mir Chakar and Mir Gwaharam Khan Lashari, head of the Lashari tribe, went to war that resulted in thousands dead, including Mir Chakar's brother and many Lanjwani peoples. After the "Thirty Years War" against the Lashari Tribe, [5], [6][ many Lanjwani peoples left Balochistan with Mir Chakar and settled in the Punjab region in 1518.

Many Lanjwani people under the command of Mir Shahdad Khan son of Mir Chakar Khan Rind joined the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun in 1555 after a long exile in Persia. Emperor Humayun came back, recaptured Delhi, and ousted the Suri dynasty in 1556. The Lanjwani people were well settled at Lanjo area of Sui Tahsel in Dera Bugti, Balochistan, where they had a large area of land called Lanjo pat. The Lanjo river was their source of water for the agricultural and domestic uses.

The Lanjwani tribe is locally known as very hard worker, tolerant and socially active people. Most of the Lanjwani population are agriculturist but some of them are related to animal caregivers, business. Many Lanjwani families are living in Middle East countries and Canada. There are scientist, professors, doctors, Engineers and many more professionals from Lanjwani tribes working in the country and abroad [7].

Distribution in Pakistan

The Lanjwani people were scattered throughout the whole country especially in

The Lanjwani people also migrated to Africa, nowadays many Lanjwani people are living in Zimababwe, and they are called Langwani [8].

Notable persons

Famous Lanjwanis

  • Rasool, Bux, Lanjwani
  • Ghulam Surwar Khan, Lanjwani
  • Shahnawaz, Lanjwani
  • Zawar ,Ghulam, Abbas, Lanjwani
  • Zawar, Niaz, Hussain, Lanjwani
  • Basheer, Khan, Lanjwani
  • Haji Ghulam, Hussain Lanjwani (Late)
  • Yar, Ali, Lanjwani (Late)
  • Faiz, Mohammed, Lanjwani (Late)
  • Haji, Allah, Bux, Lanjwani
  • Khan, Mohammed, Lanjwani
  • Gamon, Faqir, Lanjwani (Late)
  • Qurban, Faqir, Lanjwani
  • Fakir, Qadir, Bux, Lanjwani
  • Late Sodho, Khan, Lanjwani
  • Nazir, Hussain,Lanjwani(NAZIM CHAMBAR)
  • Nazir Ahmed Naji Lanjwani(First Graduate Person in Lanjwani family at District Rajan Pur Since migration in Punjab Province)
  • Muhammad Faheem Khan

See also

References

  1. Sheikh Sadik, Ali, Ansari, A short Sketch historical and traditional of the Muslaman races found in Sindh, Balochistan and Afghanistan, pages 18, 85, published by Indus Publication Karachi in 1901.
  2. Dr. Shahnawaz, Lanjwani, notes on the Lanjwani tribe.
  3. Dr. Sigrid Westphal-Helibusch and Dr. Heinz, Weslphal, The Jat of Pakistan, published by Lok Virsa, P.O Box 1184, Islamabad, Pakisatan, page 52.
  4. S.A.J. Shirazi. Heritage Village, Pakistan. Travelers Digest.
  5. Overseas Pakistan Foundation. Provinces of Pakistan (Balochistan). Encyclopedia of Pakistan.
  6. History of Civilizations of Central Asia By Ahmad Hasan Dani, Vadim Mikhaĭlovich Masson, János (Google Books).
  7. Dr. Shahnawaz, Lanjwani, notes on the Lanjwani tribe.
  8. Dr. Shahnawaz, Lanjwani, notes on the Lanjwani tribe.

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