Mandi Himachal Pradesh

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Mandi (मंडी) is a major town in Mandi District in Himachal Pradesh.

Variants of name

Location

It is situated 153 kms north of state capital, Shimla. Located in the north-west Himalayas at an average altitude of 850 metres.

Origin of name

The name "mandi" (and the former name "Mandav Nagar")[4] has its roots from Great Sage Rishi 'Mandav' who prayed in this area, and the rocks turned black due to the severity of his penance.

While the city's name has always been pronounced "[mŋɖɪ]" in the local language, the anglicized version "Mandav Nagar" was the official name until it was changed to "Mandi".[5] This change is now the most widely used name for the city. Mandi is renowned for its 81 ancient old stone Shaivite temples and their enormous range of fine carving. Because of this, it is also often called the "Varanasi of the Hills".

Mention by Panini

Mandamati (मण्डमती) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [6]

Jat clans

History

V. S. Agrawala[7] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Trigarta (त्रिगर्त) (V.3.116) - It is mentioned by Panini as ayudhajivi sangha, and a confederation of six states known as Trigarta-Shashtha. The name Trigarta denotes the region drained by three Rivers: Ravi, Beas & Satluj, and corresponds to the Jalandhar group of states which had retained their geographical identity all these years. It contains Pātānaprastha (=Paithan or Pathankot) situated at the entrance of Kangra Valley. (p.53)


V. S. Agrawala[8] writes that The central portion of the Trigarta formed by the Valley of the Beas was also named Kulūta (same as the Uluka of Sabhaparva (27.5-16), now known as the Kulū. Its ancient capital was at Nagara on the Beas. Mandamati (Maṇḍamatī) was perhaps Maṇḍi, lying to south of Kuluta. Panini mentions special mention of Bhārgāyaṇa Gotra in the Trigarta Country (IV.1.111).


The princely state of Mandi was founded by Bahu Sen in 1200 AD. But Ajbar Sen was the one who founded the historical city of Mandi in 1526 AD. The Chiefs of Mandi State are said to be the descendants of common ancestors of the Chandravanshi line of Sen dynasty of Bengal who claim to be the descendants of Pandavas of Mahabharata times.

The present District of Mandi was formed with the merger of two princely states Mandi State and Suket (Sundernagar) on 15 April 1948, when the State of Himachal Pradesh was established. Ajbar Sen assassinated Mandi, it led to the beginning of the modern period of Mandi history. Old Mandi capital was abandoned and the site of present capital was acquired. Some historians put the selection of present capital in the year 1527 AD. The idol of Madho Rai, the presiding deity of Mandi and incarnation of Lord Vishnu is said to be made by Goldsmith Bhima, in 1648.

Maharaja Ranjit Singh occupied Mandi in 1839 but Ranjit Singh died on 27 June 1839. It was beginning of the disintegration of Jat Sikh power in the hills and British power emerged as most powerful. In 1849, Princely states of Mandi, Suket and Chamba were put under the control of Superintendent 'Cis-Satluj States'.

Lala Lajpat Rai visited Mandi during 1906 to organize the revolutionary activities. The revolt occurred in Mandi State against the repressive, corrupt and arrogant administration of Raja Bhawani Sen and his Wazir Jiwa Nand Paddha. This revolt was led by Shobha Ram in 1909. A Prominent revolutionary of Mandi, Hardev Ram joined a revolutionary band of patriots in 1913. He went to Shanghai, America and Japan where he met Lala Hardayal and Dr. Mathura Singh. Another revolutionary of Mandi Bhai Hirda Ram started participating in revolutionary activities in 1914. He joined Ras Behari Bose, Sant Baba Wasakha Singh Dadehar, Mathura Singh, Kartar Singh Sarba, Bhai Parma Nand and Pingle. In 1915, on the request of Sarla Devi, wife of Bhai Hirda Ram, the Viceroy converted his death sentence into life imprisonment. In the same year, Nagchala Dacoity in Mandi state took place. In Mandi's conspiracy case, Mandi revolutionary Sidhu Kharara was sentenced for seven years in 1917. Mandi Legislative Council was constituted in 1933. Swami Purna Nand of Mandi was elected as president of "Himalayan Hill states regional Council" (founded in 1945) & Pt. Padam Dev became its general secretary. The session of "Himalayan Hill states regional Council" was held at Mandi from 8 March 1946 to 10 March 1946. It was also attended by INA activists Dhillon, Sehgal and Shahnawaj. So finally, Mandi came into existence on 15 April 1948. Suraj Sen ruled over Mandi at time of Damdama Mahal of Mandi.[9]

मंडी, हि.प्र.

मंडी, हि.प्र. (AS, p.685): किंवदन्ती के अनुसार मंडी मांडव्य ऋषि के नाम पर प्रसिद्ध है। मंडी में भूतनाथ महादेव का मन्दिर है। इनकी पूजा नगर के अधिष्ठातृ देव के रूप में होती है। कहा जाता है कि मंडी की नगरी को बसाने वाले राजा अजबरसेन ने इस मन्दिर में प्रतिष्ठापित मूर्ति को प्राप्त किया था। 1520 ई. में बना त्रिलोकनाथ का मन्दिर कला की दृष्टि से उत्कृष्ट स्मारक है। इसके स्तम्भों पर पुष्पों तथा पशु-पक्षियों का मूर्तिमय अंकन बड़े कौशल से किया गया है। मंडी से 2 मील पूर्व रवालसर नामक सरोवर है, जिसे हिन्दू, बौद्ध तथा सिक्ख धर्म पवित्र मानते हैं। कहा जाता है कि गुरु नानकदेव इस स्थान पर एक बार आए थे।[10]

मंडी परिचय

मंडी सुंदरनगर से काफ़ी नज़दीक है और यह शहर लगभग राज्य के बीचो-बीच बसा हुआ है। व्यास नदी के किनारे बसा हिमाचल प्रदेश का ऐतिहासिक नगर मंडी लंबे समय से व्यहवसायिक गतिविधियों का केन्द्रन रहा है। मंडी नाम संस्कृभत शब्दन मंडोइका से बना है जिसका अर्थ होता है खुला क्षेत्र। इसके आस-पास का इलाक़ा पर्वतीय है। जिससे होकर व्यास और सतलुज नदियाँ बहती हैं। किंवदन्ती के अनुसार मंडी मांडव्य ऋषि के नाम पर प्रसिद्ध है। स्थिति: मंडी शहर, मध्य हिमाचल प्रदेश राज्य के उत्तरी भारत में स्थित है। मुद्र तल से 760 मीटर की ऊंचाई पर स्थित यह नगर हिमाचल के तेजी से विकसित होते शहरों में एक है। मंडी शहर रावी नदी के ऊँचे कग़ार पर राज्य की राजधानी शिमला से पश्चिमोत्तर में स्थित है।

External links

References