Bharga

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Bharga (भर्ग ) was a tribe of Kshatriyas and a Janapada mentioned by Panini (IV.1.178) as well as in Mahabharata (VI.10.49), (II.27.10). Bharga Janapada is mentioned in east along with Vatsa and Pundra Janapadas.

Variants of name

Jat clan

Mention by Panini

Bharga (भर्ग), a tribe, is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [4]


Bhargayana (भार्गायण) gotra is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [5]


Bhargi (भार्गी) is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi. [6]

History

V. S. Agrawala[7] writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Bharga, under Bhargadi (भर्गादि) (IV.1.178).[8]


V. S. Agrawala[9] writes that besides the Ayudhajivi Sanghas stated as such in the Ashtadhyayi, there were some other communities in Panini’s time, which as we know from other sources were republics. These include - Bharga (IV.1.178) – Panini refers to the Bhargas as a Kshatriya tribe. The Buddhist record mention them as a republic.


V. S. Agrawala[10] writes about Civic status of women: women were distinguished as members of larger associations than the family. They were known by the Gotras and the janapadas or states to which they belonged, e.g. Bhārgī (of Bharga janapada, a part of Trigarta Country).


V. S. Agrawala[11] writes that The central portion of the Trigarta formed by the Valley of the Beas was also named Kulūta (same as the Uluka of Sabhaparva (27.5-16), now known as the Kulū. Its ancient capital was at Nagara on the Beas. Maṇḍamatī was perhaps Maṇḍi, lying to south of Kuluta. Panini mentions special mention of Bhargayana (Bhārgāyaṇa) Gotra in the Trigarta Country (IV.1.111).

In Mahabharata

Bharga (भर्ग) is mentioned in Mahabharata (VI.10.49), (II.27.10).


Bhisma Parva, Mahabharata/Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatavarsha. Bharga is mentioned in the list of provinces along with Pundra in verse (VI.10.49). [12]


Bhima's Conquests: Bhima was sent out to the East, since Bhishma thought the easterners were skilled in fighting from the backs of elephants and in fighting with bare arms, he deemed Bhima to be the most ideal person to wage wars in that region. The Mahabharata mentions several kingdoms to the east of Indraprastha which were conquered by Bhima. According to Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 26 & Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 27 Bhimasena subjugated the countries including: Bhargas (भर्ग) is mentioned in verse (II.27.10).[13]

References

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. भ-21
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.54, s.n. 1907
  3. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix II,p.331
  4. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.452
  5. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 54
  6. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p. 89
  7. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.50
  8. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.498
  9. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.452
  10. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.88-89
  11. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.54
  12. मह्युत्तराः परावृषेया भार्गवाश च जनाधिप, पुण्ड्रा भार्गाः किराताश च सुदॊष्णाः परमुदास तदा (VI.10.49)
  13. भर्गाणाम अधिपं चैव निषाथाधिपतिं तदा, विजिग्ये भूमिपालांश च मणिमत परमुखान बहून (II.27.10)