|Author: Laxman Burdak IFS (R)|
- Pathankot (पठानकोट) दे. Udumbara उदुंबर, (AS, p.523)
- Patanaprastha (पाटनप्रस्थ)
- Audumbara (औदुम्बर) in Mahabharata (II.48.12)
Villages in Pathankot tahsil
Abadgarh, Adalatgarh, Adam Barwan, Aima Chahngan, Aima Gujjran, Aima Mughlan, Aima Saidan, Akhrota, Akhwara, Alikhan, Alyal, Andoi, Anehar, Antor, Anyal, Asa Bano, Attapur, Azizpur Kalan, Azizpur Khurd, Baghar, Bagial, Bahadar Lahri, Bahadurpur, Bahdo Chak, Bahladpur, Bahlolpur, Baironpur, Baknaur, Ballawar, Balotar, Balsua, Bamyal, Bani Lodhi, Barath, Barkat, Barkola, Baroi, Barsun, Barwan, Basau Barwan, Basroop, Bassi Afghana, Begowal, Beli Akalian, Beli Chahngan, Bhadrali, Bhagwal, Bhagwanpur, Bhagwansar, Bhajurah, Bhakhri, Bhanwal, Bharial, Bharmal Jattan, Bharoli Kalan (CT), Bharoli Khurd, Bhatoia, Bhawani, Bheri Bazurg, Bhimpur, Bhoa, Bhol Chak, Bholo Bhalial, Bhor, Bhupalpur, Bias Lahri, Bungal, Chak Amir, Chak Barain, Chak Bhagwansar, Chak Bhatian, Chak Bhoia, Chak Chimna, Chak Madho Singh, Chak Manhasan, Chak Narainian, Chak Paswala, Chak Sundar, Chakral, Charak, Chashma, Chatwal, Chela Chak, Chhan, Chhani, Chhani Tola, Chhani Maqimpur, Chhaurian, Chhawla, Chhotepur, Chuhan, Dadwal, Dadwan, Dalelpur, Dalla Balim, Dalpat Tarf Narot, Danour, Danwal, Darsopur, Darsopur, Datyal, Datyal, Daulatpur (CT), Deriwala, Dhaki Shada, Dhalatar, Dhalorian, Dhinda, Dhobra, Dholowal, Dibku, Dostpur, Farakhpur, Farida Nagar, Fatehgarh, Fatehpur, Fatto Chak, Ferozepur Kalan, Ferozepur Khurd, Firoza, Gajju Jagir, Gajju Khalsa, Gande Pindi, Gandran Lahri, Garhmal, Gatora, Ghandran, Gharota Kalan, Gharota Khurd, Ghazi Barwan, Ghebe, Ghiala, Ghoh, Gidri, Gobindsar, Gohla, Gol, Gosainpur, Gotran Lahri, Gugran, Gujrat, Gulpur, Gurah Kalan, Gurah Khurd, Gurdaspur Bhaian, Haibat Pindi, Haibo, Hajipur, Harur, Haryal, Hayati Chak, Islampur, Ismailpur, Itti, Jagatpur, Jainpur, Jaitpur, Jakhbar, Jakrawar, Jamalpur, Jammun, Jandwal, Jangal, Jani Chak, Janial, Jaswan, Jaswan Lahri, Jhakhian Lahri, Jhako Lahri, Jhaluia, Jhandpur, Jhanjeli, Jhela Amda Gurdaspur, Jhela Amda Shakargarh, Jhumber Tarf Narot, Jindrai, Jindri, Jogar, Jugial (CT), Jungath, Kahanpur, Kajley, Kalaspur, Kale Chak, Kalesar, Kamwal, Kanshi Barwan, Kanwan, Karoli, Katani, Kataru Chak, Kathana, Kathlaur, Kaunterpur, Khadawar, Khala, Khani Khui, Kharkhara Tarf Narot, Kharkhara Thuthowala, Khiyala, Khoba, Khojki Chak, Khokhar Kotli, Khudaipur, Khush Nagar, Kilpur, Kingarian, Kiri Kalan, Kiri Khurd, Kolian, Kot Bhattian, Kother, Kotli Jawahar, Kotli Mughlan, Kunda, Lado Chak, Ladpalwan, Lahri, Lahri, Lahri Sarmon, Lahri Brahmanan, Lahri Gujran, Lahri Mahantan, Lahri Samanchan, Lassian, Lehri Bawian, Madarpur, Madhopur, Madhopur Chhauni, Mahi-Ul-Dinpur, Maira Kalan, Maira Mahantan, Majra, Makhanpur, Malharwan, Malikpur, Malkana, Malpur, Mamial, Mamun, Man Mangal, Man Singhpur, Mangial, Manwal, Manwal Mangwal, Mari, Mastpur, Milwan, Mirthal, Mirzapur, Mirzapur, Mirzapur, Muradpur, Muradpur, Mutfaroa, Muthi, Nagrota, Najo Chak, Najowal, Nala, Nalunga, Namala, Nangal, Nangal Bhor, Nangal Farida, Napwal, Narainpur, Naroli, Narot Mehra, Naurangpur, Naurangpur, Naushehra, Naushenra Nalbandan, Nihalpur, Paddian Lahri, Paharipur, Paharo Chak, Pakho Chak, Palah, Panjor, Panjupur, Papial, Parmanand, Pathan Chak, Pathankot (M Cl), Pawar, Phaloura, Phangarian, Phangoli, Pharwal, Phool Piara, Phulra, Pindi Parolian, Polla, Rahimpur, Raipur, Raj Parura, Raji, Rajpura, Rakwal, Ram Kalwan, Ranipur, Ratarwan, Rattangarh, Sadhauri, Saharanpur, Sahu Chak, Saidowal, Saidpur, Sailli, Sakol, Salowal, Samrala, Samrala, Sarna, Sarota, Sauli Bhauli, Shahar, Shahidpur, Sharaf Chak, Sharif Chak, Sheikhu Chak, Sheikhupur Majiri, Sherpur, Sherpur Giddarpur, Simbal, Simbli, Simbli Gujjran, Siyonti, Siyonti Tarf Narot, Sohaura Kalan, Sohaura Khurd, Sokalgarh, Sujanpur (Rural), Sujanpur (M Cl), Sultanpur, Sundar Chak, Taharpur, Tahra, Tajpur, Taloor, Talwara Gujjran, Talwara Jattan, Tango Shah, Taragarh, Targarh, Tash, Thakarpur, Tharial, Turehti, Udipur Aima, Wadala,
Mention by Panini
V. S. Agrawala writes that Ashtadhyayi of Panini mentions janapada Trigarta (त्रिगर्त) (V.3.116) - It is mentioned by Panini as ayudhajivi sangha, and a confederation of six states known as Trigarta-Shashtha. The name Trigarta denotes the region drained by three Rivers: Ravi, Beas & Satluj, and corresponds to the Jalandhar group of states which had retained their geographical identity all these years. It contains Pātānaprastha (=Paithan or Pathankot) situated at the entrance of Kangra Valley. (p.53)
V. S. Agrawala writes that The central portion of the Trigarta formed by the Valley of the Beas was also named Kulūta (same as the Uluka of Sabhaparva (27.5-16), now known as the Kulū. Its ancient capital was at Nagara on the Beas. Maṇḍamatī was perhaps Maṇḍi, lying to south of Kuluta. Panini mentions special mention of Bhārgāyaṇa Gotra in the Trigarta Country (IV.1.111).
The Mahabharata mentions the Janapadas in Himachal Pradesh such as Kuluta (Kullu), Trigarta (Kangra), Kulinda (Shimla hills and Sirmaur), Yugandhara (Bilaspur and Nalagarh), Gabdika (Chamba) and Audumbara (Pathankot).
The town of Nurpur derives its name from the celebrated Nur Jahan, the wife of the emperor Jahanjir. Its original name was Dahmari, or Dahmala ; or as Abul Fazl writes, Dahmahri, although he mentions no fort. The people pronounce the name as if written Dahmeri. In the ' Tarikh-i-Alfi. ' it is called Damal, an dis described as "situated on the summit of a high hill,
[p.144]: on the borders of Hindustan." The fort was taken after a long siege by Ibrahim Ghaznavi. The name of the district is Pathawat, and the old capital in the plains was called Pathian, or Pathiankot, which is now slightly altered to Pathankot. But the name is derived from the Pathan tribe of Hindu Rajputs, and not from the well-known Muhammadan Pathans, or Afghans. The Raja was imprisoned in 1815 by Ranjit Singh, who took possession of his country.
Tej Ram Sharma mentions ....Some scholars identify the Madras with Vahlika (or Vahika).  Sakala as a Vahikagrama is also mentioned by Patanjali.  From the references in the Mahabharata, Vahika would appear to have stood for the whole of Punjab.  The Vahika-gramas of Sakala and Patanaprastha, as referred to in the grammatical works,  imply the inclusion of Madrajanapada in the Vahika country.
Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 48 describes Kings who presented tributes to Yudhishthira. Audumbara (औदुम्बरा) is mentioned in verse (II.48.12). ...."The Kayavyas, the Daradas, the Darvas, the Suras, the Vaiamakas, the Audumbaras, the Durvibhagas, the Kumaras, the Paradas along with the Vahlikas,..."
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.53
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.53
- V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.54
- The Ancient Geography of India,pp.143-144
- Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions/Tribes,p.146
- N. L. Dey, Geographical Dictionary of Ancient and Medieval India. p. 49
- II. 294.
- S. B. Chaudhuri, Ethnic Settlements in Ancient India, p. 117.
- Patanjali, II, 298 ; Indian Culture, Calcutta. VI.128-36. Patanaprastha is the same as Paithan or Pathankot situated at the entrance of the Kangra valley. Vide, Ibid, f. n. 1, p. 117, f. n. 7.
- कायव्या दरदा दार्वाः शूरा वैयमकास तदा, औदुम्बरा दुर्विभागाः पारदा बाह्लिकैः सह (II.48.12)
- Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.96