Pururava

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Ancestry of Rishi Atri
Pururava Ancestry as per Bhagavata Purana

Pururava (पुरूरवा) was the first king of the Aila dynasty or the Somavamsha.

AtriChandramaBudhaPururavaAyuNahushaYayati

Birth of Pururava

Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 88 tells us that O king, Sanatkumara regardeth that spot visited by Brahmarshis, as also the tirtha Kanakhala (कनखल) (III.88.19) that is near to it, as sacred. There also is the mountain named Puru (पुरु-पर्वत) (III.88.19) which is resorted to by great Rishis and where Pururavas (पुरूरव) (III.88.19) was born, and Bhrigu practised ascetic austerities. For this it is, O king, that asylum hath become known as the great peak of Bhrigutunga (भृगुतुङ्ग) (III.88.20). Near that peak is the sacred and extensive Vadari (बदरी-आश्रम) (III.88.22), that highly meritorious asylum, famed over the three worlds.

सनत कुमारः कौरव्य पुण्यं कनखलं तथा
पर्वतश च पुरुर नाम यत्र जातः पुरूरवः (Mahabharata:III.88.19)
भृगुर यत्र तपस तेपे महर्षिगणसेवितः
स राजन्न आश्रमः खयातॊ भृगुतुङ्गॊ महागिरिः (Mahabharata:III.88.20)

Jat Gotras from Pururava

Punaria (पुनरिया) gotra of Jats is said to be originated from samrat Pururava (पुरूरवा). [1]

In Vedas

Genealogy of Ila

According to the Vedas, he is a mythological entity associated with the Surya (the sun) and Usha (the dawn), and is believed to resided in the middle region of the cosmos. The Rig Veda (X.95.18) states that he was a son of Ila[2] and was a pious king. However, the Mahabharata states that Ila was both his mother and his father. According to the Vishnu Purana, his father was Budha, and he was ancestor of the tribe of Pururavas, from whom descended the Kauravas and Pandavas.

In Puranas

According to the Puranas, Pururavas reigned from Pratisthana (Prayaga). He had six (or seven or eight according to different accounts) sons. The names of these sons are, Ayu (or Ayus), Amavasu,[3] Vishvayu, Shrutayu, Shatayu and Dridhayu. Nahusha, the son of Ayu, is a well-known name in the Rigveda[4]

पुरूरवा की वंशावली

सृष्टी परमपिता ब्रम्हा से उत्पन्न हुई है इसलिए उनके बाद से पुरुवंश की पीढ़ियों का वर्णन इस प्रकार है. आप दिए गए नंबरों से उनकी पीढ़ी का पता लगा सकते है.

  • १. परमपिता ब्रम्हा से प्रजापति दक्ष हुए.
  • २. दक्ष से अदिति हुए.
  • ३. अदिति से बिस्ववान हुए.
  • ४. बिस्ववान से मनु हुए जिनके नाम से हम लोग मानव कहलाते हैं.
  • ५. मनु से इला हुए.
  • ६. इला से पुरुरवा हुए जिन्होंने उर्वशी से विवाह किया और इन्द्र के पद पर भी आसीन हुए.
  • ७. पुरुरवा से आयु हुए.
  • ८. आयु से नहुष हुए.
  • ९. नहुष के बड़े पुत्र यति थे जो सन्यासी हो गए इसलिए उनके दुसरे पुत्र ययाति राजा हुए. ययाति के पुत्रों से ही समस्त वंश चले. ययाति के पांच पुत्र थे. देवयानी से यदु और तर्वासु तथा शर्मिष्ठा से दृहू, अनु, एवं पुरु. यदु से यादवों का यदुकुल चला जिसमे आगे चलकर श्रीकृष्ण ने जन्म लिया. तर्वासु से मलेछ, दृहू से भोज तथा पुरु से सबसे प्रतापी पुरुवंश चला. अनु का वंश ज्यादा नहीं चला.

References

  1. Dr Mahendra Singh Arya, Dharmpal Singh Dudee, Kishan Singh Faujdar & Vijendra Singh Narwar: Ādhunik Jat Itihas (The modern history of Jats), Agra 1998, p. 262
  2. Misra, V.S. (2007). Ancient Indian Dynasties, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-413-8, p.57
  3. Pargiter, F.E. (1972). Ancient Indian Historical Tradition, Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, pp.85-6.
  4. Misra, V.S. (2007). Ancient Indian Dynasties, Mumbai: Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-413-8, pp.59-61

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