Anu

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Anu, Anla, Onla, Anlayam, Onra, Antawat is Gotra of Jats.[1]

Anu in Mahabharata

Genealogy of Ila
Ancestry of Anu as per Bhagavata Purana
Ancestry of Bali as per Bhagavata Purana

Anu (अनु) was son of Yayati and Sharmishtha. [2]Yayati had three sons from Sharmishtha –

1. Druhyu
2. Anu and
3. Puru.

The mother of Anu and Puru, (whom the Jats claim as their progenitors), was Sarmishtha, the princess of King Vrshaparvan(Pargiter, F.E.,: AIHT, pp. 56-7.)[3]

Ancestry of Anu

YayatiAnuSabhanaraKalanaraJanamejayaMaha ShalaMahamanas → (1.Ushinara + 2.Titiksha)

Bali had six sons:Anga, Banga, Kalinga, Sambhu, Pundra, and Odhra.

AngaKhalapanaDivirathaDharmarathaChitraratha.

Chitratha was also called Romapada. He had no son. Dasaratha (father of Rama) was his friend. He gave his daughter Santa to Romapada. Santa was married to Rishi Rishya Sringa. That Rishi made a Yajna for Romapada and he had a Son Chaturanga born to him.

Chitraratha or RomapadaChaturangaPrithulakshaBrihadrathaBrihadrathaBrihanmanasJayadrathaVijayaDhritiDhritavrataSatkarmanAdhiratha

(He adopted Karna of the Mahabharata as his son, when he had been left by Kunti.)

History

Ram Sarup Joon [4] writes that ...Anu gotra is also well known. Anla, Onla, Anlayam, Onra, Antawat etc are the gotras of the Ann dynasty found amongst the Jats. There is reference to King Anlakh in the Mahabharat (Sabha Parva). According to the census of 1911 the number of the Jat belonging to this gotra was 87,000. They are found in Jullundur, Hoshiarpur and Bikaner State. Only Jats are found in Jaipur State.


Ram Swarup Joon[5] writes.... According to Bhagwatdatta, Baluchis of (of Balochistan) today are the descendants of Anu. Baluchya, Balhara, Bal, Balan are Jat gotras.

Kak, Kakarzai, Klock, Kukar, Khokar, Karskar Jats belong to the Anu Branch.

Thirty thousand Baluchis in Makran were recognised as Jats.

Baluchis of the Lomri region are described as Jats in their chronicles.

In the Rig-Veda, there are references to the Kabul River of Afghanistan, Gomal Valley, and rivers Ganga and Jamuna.

There are also references to Kshatriya and the five branches of the Yayati Dynasty.

Sumerian mythology

In Sumerian mythology and later for Assyrians and Babylonians, Anu (also An; 𒀭) was a sky-god, the god of heaven, lord of constellations, king of gods, spirits and demons, and dwelt in the highest heavenly regions. He was called Anu by the Akkadians, rulers of Mesopotamia after the conquest of Sumer in 2334 BCE by King Sargon of Akkad. By virtue of being the first figure in a triad consisting of Anu, Bel and Ea, Anu came to be regarded as the father and at first, king of the gods. Anu is so prominently associated with the city of Uruk, Biblical Erech in southern Babylonia that there are good reasons for believing this place to have been the original seat of the Anu cult. If this be correct, then the goddess Inanna (or Ishtar) of Uruk may at one time have been his consort. Probably Uruk was the country of Aulakh Jats.[6]

Jat Gotras from Anu

References

  1. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.70
  2. Genealogy of Anu
  3. The Jats:Their Origin, Antiquity and Migrations/The Yadava origin of the Jats, p.91, f.n.63
  4. Ram Sarup Joon: History of the Jats/Chapter V, p.70
  5. Ram Swarup Joon:History of the Jats/Chapter II,p.32
  6. Bhim Singh Dahiya : Jats the Ancient Rulers, p. 245

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