Sumra

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Sumra (सुमरा)[1] Somra (सोमरा)[2][3] Soomra (सूमरा) Soomro (सूमरो) is gotra of Jats in Rajasthan [4], Punjab, India and Pakistan. Samar (समर) is same as Sumra in Afghanistan.[5]

Origin

This gotra originated from Nagavanshi mahapurusha Sumana (सुमन). [6]

Sumra is one of Thirty-Five branches of the Pramaras. [7]

Suman in Mahavansa

Mahavansa/Chapter 5 tells that .... Nigrodha was the son of prince Sumana, the eldest brother of all the sons of Bindusara. When Bindusära had fallen sick Asoka left the government of Ujjeni conferred on him by his father, and came to Pupphapura, and when he had made himself master of the city, after his father's death, he caused his eldest brother to be slain and took on himself the sovereignty in the splendid city.

Mahavansa/Chapter 5 tells that ....The consort of prince Sumana, who bore the same name (Sumana), being with child, fled straightway by the east gate and went to a candala village, and there the guardian god of a nigrodha-tree called her by her name, built a hut and gave it to her.

History

According to Sir H. M. Elliot[8] Túr was the ancient capital of the Súmra dynasty, called also by the name of Mehmetúr, and written by the local historians as Muha-tampúr and Muhammad-Túr. It was situated in the Pargana of Dirak, and its destruction has been mentioned in the Extracts from the Táríkh-i Táhirí (p. 256). But its real ruin dates only from 'Aláu-d dín's invasion of Sind.

The ancient Pargana of Dirak is represented by the modern divisions of Cháchagám and Badban on the borders of the Tharr, or sandy desert between Parkar and Wanga Bázár. There is a Pargana of Dirak still included in Thatta, which may be a portion of the older district of that name.

Another capital of the Súmras is said to have been Vijeh-kot, Wageh-kot, or Vigo-gad (for it is spelt in these various forms), five miles to the east of the Púrán river, above the Allah-band.

The site of Túr has been considered to be occupied by the modern


[p.404]: Tharri, near Budína, on the Gúngrú river. There are, to be sure, the remains of an old town to the west of that place; nevertheless, the real position of Túr is not to be looked for there, but at Sháka-púr, a populous village about ten miles south of Mírpúr. Near that village, the fort and palace of the last of the Súmras is pointed out, whence bricks are still extracted of very large dimensions, measuring no less than twenty inches by eight.1 Other fine ruins are scattered about the neighbourhood, and carved tomb-stones are very numerous. Fragments of pearls and other precious stones are occasionally picked up, which have all apparently been exposed to the action of fire. The people themselves call this ruined site by the name of Mehmetúr, so that both the name and position serve to verify it, beyond all doubt, as the ancient capital of the Súmras.

पाबूजी का जन्म संवत 1313 में जोधपुर जिले की फलौदी तहसील के कोलू ठिकाने में हुआ. इनके पिता का नाम घांघल जी राठोड़ था. वे कालू दुर्ग के दुर्गपति थे. पाबूजी का विवाह अमरकोट के सोढा राणा सूरज मल की पुत्री के साथ हुआ. विवाह के तुंरत बाद दूदा सूमरा ने अमरकोट पर हमला कर दिया. उसके सिपाही गायों को ले भागे. पाबूजी ने तुंरत सूमरा को जा घेरा और युद्ध के लिए ललकरा. घमासान युद्ध में गायें तो छुड़ाली पर पाबूजी वीर गति को प्राप्त हुए. [9]

Distribution in Punjab

Sumra population is 1,038 in Amritsar district.[10] In Firozpur district the Sumra population is 1,650. [11]

Distribution in Rajasthan

Somra gotra Jats live in Jaipur district in Rajasthan.

Locations in Jaipur city

Mansinghpura,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Amarpura khurd, Mysadda, Mahati, Moi, Swami Sehi,

Villages in Sikar district

Gurha Khurd (8),

Distribution in Pakistan

James Tod[12] writes that Sumra clan is found in Sindh.

Soomra - The Soomra are a large Jat tribe of possible Arab ancestry. They are found throughout southern Punjab, with concentrations in Layyah and Rajanpur district. They are sometimes confused with the Samra of central Punjab; the two are in fact entirely distinct tribes. In Sindh, the Soomra or Soomro are the largest Sindhi tribe, found throughout the province.

According to 1911 census the Soomra were the principal Muslim Jat clan in:

Notable somra's

  • Subhash Somra - Mob: 9829433610, from Gurha Khurd (Sikar), On facebook
  • Poonam Somra - Topper in MBBS, but eventually victim of brain drain

Reference

  1. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-94
  2. Jat History Thakur Deshraj/Chapter IX,p.695
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. स-94
  4. जाट इतिहास:ठाकुर देशराज,पृष्ठ-695
  5. An Inquiry Into the Ethnography of Afghanistan, H. W. Bellew, p.13-14,91,114,155,168,184,185
  6. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas,p.284
  7. James Todd, Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan, Volume I,: Chapter 7 Catalogue of the Thirty Six Royal Races,pp.111
  8. The History of India, as Told by Its Own Historians/Note (A).- Geographical,pp.403-404
  9. डॉ मोहन लाल गुप्ता:राजस्थान ज्ञान कोष, वर्ष २००८, राजस्थानी ग्रंथागार जोधपुर, पृ. 473
  10. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p.124
  11. History and study of the Jats, B.S Dhillon, p. 127
  12. James Todd Annals/Sketch of the Indian Desert, Vol. III,p. 1293

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