Swami Omanand Sarswati
Swami Omanand Sarsswati (1910 - 2003) (स्वामी ओमानन्द सरस्वती) was a noted freedom fighter,famed educationist,reputed historian and a notable social worker from Haryana in India. He was born in March 1910 in village ‘Narela’ near Delhi. He was the only son of his parets. His father was Chaudhary Kanak Singh, of 'Khatri' gotra. He was a Jat zamindar and ‘numberdar’ of village Narela (Pana Mamoorpura), owning 350 bighas of land.
Swami Omanand got his primary education in his village ‘Narela’ in Musaddi Lal High School. He got Higher education from St. Stephen College, Delhi. Influenced by the martyrdom of Shahid Bhagat Singh, he left his B.A. education midway and joined the Indian freedom movement. He studied Vedas and Puranas at Gurukul Dayanand Ved Vidyalaya Delhi, Gurukul Chittorgath and Gurukul Pothodar, Rawalpindi. He knew 18 languages including ancient Indian languages like Sanskrit, Pali, Prakrit; and also Hindi, Urdu, and Punjabi etc.
Olunge in Freedom Movement
The parents of Swami Omanand wanted that he finish his college education, get married and settle down in worldly affairs as a rich Jat landlord. But contrary to it, this Young boy deriving inspiration from the lives of the freedom fighter Shahid Bhagat Singh and Sir Chhotu Ram,
Swami Omanand joined the Indian freedom movement. He was sent to jail in 1939 for taking part in Nizam Hyderabad Satyagrah. Later he went to jail several times. He also spearheaded the "Hindi Andolan" in 1965 when Punjabi was made a compulsory subject in Hindi speaking areas of Haryana, which was then a part of Punjab. At that time most leaders were arrested but Punjab Govt. could not arrest him as Swamiji developed tactics to escape arrest (he shortly thereafter went to UP and Rajasthan and led the Movement from there). Even after creation of Haryana in 1966, Swami Omanand led the famous "Chandigarh Satyagraha" due to which Chandigarh could not be transferred to Punjab; and it still remains as a Union Territory.
Consecrated in Brahmcharya
Swami Omanand’s real name was Bhagwan Singh. He decided not to marry and got consecrated in Brahmcharya principles. He was named Brahmchari Bhagwan Dev in 1939. He performed hard self-mortification. He left the use of salt, sweets, spices etc. He started wearing clothes of khadi only. He made great sacrifices, and did a lot for the up-lift of the Jats. He was such a man as had his own values and principles and always lived according to them.
Swami Omanand left home in 1942 and accepted the post of ‘Acharya’ and ‘Mukhya Adhishthata’ of Gurukul Jhajjar on the occasion of Diwali on the special requests of Arya Samaj. He had started & managed 55 Gurukuls in Haryana and all over India.
In 1947 he did a great service to the refugees who came from Pakistan on the partition of India. He had been always at the service of mankind during famines, floods, earthquakes etc. He started the cancer hospital at Jhajjar and distributed free medicines to all.
Swami Omanand did a great struggle for the eradication of social evils like dowry, intoxication, and extravaganza on social occasions etc. He believed that the social evils could be eliminated through democratic Panchayat System. He started many social movements like ‘Nasha Mukti Andolan’, ‘Goraksha Andolan’, Anti - dowry Movement & ‘Sudhi Andolan’.
He visited a number of countries like Japan, Germany, England, Australia, Russia, USA, Maritius, Africa, Java, Sumatra, Thailand, Taiwan, China etc. for the spread of Vedic education. He carried the message of peace, love & brotherhood to every corner of the world.
He was engaged in number of social organizations. Such as Chief of Arya Pratinidhi Sabha, Haryana, Advisor of All India History Council, Vice Chancellor of Gurukul Jhajjar University, member of the senate of Maharishi Dayanand University Rohtak and Gurukul Kangri University (Hardwar), associate of Arya Pratinidhi Sabha etc. He was president of World Arya Samaj Propkarini Sabha Ajmer.
He was the founder of Kanya Gurukul Narela. He donated his 70 acres of land at village Narela to Kanya Gurukul Narela. He was also the founder of Jhajjar Gurukul University. His collection in the museum is awesome. Besides, there are many books on Jats written by him which one can find in Gurukul's library.
Swami Omanand was awarded ‘Rashtriya Pundit’ by the Government of India and ‘Sanskrit Pundit’ by the Haryana Government for the services rendered by him. He was also awarded ‘Vidyamartand’ by Gurukul Kangri Haridwar. Lt. Governor of Delhi also honoured him for his services towards promotion of literature.
Swami Omanand was a great Reformer, Educationist, Social worker, expert on Ayurvedic medicines, Yoga. He was a great historian also and had the capability to read ancient scripts like Brahmi, Kharoshti etc.. He has written many books on history. The important books written by him are:
- हरयाणे के वीर यौधेय - Online Book at Jatland Wiki
- वीरभूमि हरयाणा (नाम और सीमा) - Online Book at Jatland Wiki
- देशभक्तों के बलिदान - On-line book at Jatland Wiki (selected pages only)
- एक उत्तम लेख - पानीपत के तीसरे युद्ध का एक रहस्य
- भारत की प्राचीन मुद्रायें
- वीर हेमू
- शेरशाह सूरी
- बालविवाह से हानियां
- हमारा शत्रु (तम्बाकू)
- पापों की जड़ (शराब)
- नेत्ररक्षा - Online Book at Jatland Wiki
- व्यायाम का महत्व - Online Book at Jatland Wiki
- रामराज्य कैसे हो
- ब्रह्मचर्य के साधन (१० भागों में)
- वैदिक देवता
- मांस मनुष्य का भोजन नहीं - Online Book at Jatland Wiki
He also wrote several books on Ayurveda and Ayurvedic medicine. Some titles are:
- बिच्छूविष चिकित्सा
- स्वप्नदोष चिकित्सा
- भारतीय जड़ी-बूटी - नीम - On-line book at Jatland Wiki
- भारतीय जड़ी-बूटी - पीपल - On-line book at Jatland Wiki
- भारतीय जड़ी-बूटी - बड़ - On-line book at Jatland Wiki
- भारतीय जड़ी-बूटी - जामुन - On-line book at Jatland Wiki
- घरेलू औषध - मधु - On-line book at Jatland Wiki
- घरेलू औषध - मिर्च - On-line book at Jatland Wiki
- भारतीय जड़ी-बूटी - आक - On-line book at Jatland Wiki
- श्लीपद चिकित्सा etc.
Swamiji also propagated some other literature by others authors. For example, he propagated the famous novel (written by Saiyyah sunami) - Akhir Jit Hamari आखिर जीत हमारी - now an on-line book at Jatland Wiki.
Swamy Omanand Breathed his last at Jaipur Golden Hospital, Delhi on Sunday 23 March 2003 at the age of 93.
Biography of Swami Omanand Saraswati
जाटलैंड डॉट काम के इस लिंक पर पढ़िये - स्वामी ओमानन्द सरस्वती का जीवन-चरित
लेखक - डॉ. योगानन्द
जीवनी (पुस्तक) के इलैक्ट्रॉनिक प्रारूप के निर्माता - दयानन्द देसवाल
- Jat Samaj: Agra, June 1999
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