Phephana

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Location of Phephana in Hanumangarh district

Phephana (फेफाना ) or Fefana is a village in Nohar tahsil of Hanumangarh district of Rajasthan.

Contents

Founder

Kewala Ram Bijarniya founded Phephana in 1819.

Location

It is situated on Nohar - Sirsa Road about 21km from Nohar in northeast.

Jat Gotras

Jat Gotras living here are[1]:

There are about 3500 houses in the village out of them 2000 houses are of Jats.

Other castes are Kumhar, Rajput, Brahman, Meghwal, Nayak, Ghanak, Nai, Swami, Chhimpa, Khati, Suthar, Luhar, Sunar, Bawari, Yogi, Charan, etc.

History

Phephana was founded in samvat 1876 (1819 AD) on falgun sudi 5 during the period of Bikaner Maharaja Surat Singh. With the motivation of Ratna Ram Brahman of Sidhmukh, Kewala Ram Bijarniya came from Nangal (Bhadra) and settled here. Prior to this there were 12 helmets or Bas which are now in ruined condition. [2]

The people of Phephana had played a very significant role in abolition of Jagirs and the freedom movement. To mention some such heroes namely, Ch. Pat Ram Punia, Ch. Likhma Ram Godara, Ch. Bahadur Singh, Shobha Ram , Ram Jas Mahla 'Bhajanopadeshak', Ganesh Ram Harijan, Kashi Ram Dhamu etc. Being the birth place of Ch Kumbha Ram Arya it was the centre of freedom movement. Arya Samaj acted as a catalyst for this movement. [3]

Phephana is one of the biggest villages with population of 17,000 (approximately).

It is a historic village to be known at least 300 years history. People say that there is 300 hundred year old Peepal (पीपळ) tree near a pond in village.

Phephana is situated at border of Rajasthan and Haryana. It shares borders with villages Malwani (मलवाणी), Charanvasi (चारणवासी), Gudiya (गुडिया), Padampura (पदमपुरा) & Jananiya (जनाणियां) of Rajasthan and Madhosinghana (माधोसिघाना), Malleka (मल्लेकां), Jamal (जमाल) & Dhukda (ढुकडा) of Sirsa district in Haryana. Agricultural land of Phephana is irrigated by Nohar Feeder and its dividers.

Educational institutions in Phephana

There are 2 government higher secondary schools in Phephana:

  1. Government Senior Secodary School, Phephana (GSSS, Phephana).
  2. Government Girls Senior Secondary School, Phephana(GGSSS, Phephana).

GSSS, Phephana is one of the oldest higher secondary school of Hanumangarh district. GSSS was upgraded to Senior Secondary School in 1959.

GGSSS, Phephana is upgraded from Secondary School to Senior Secondary School in 2003.

Students of different schools are serving the country in different fields. There are number of doctors, engineers, teachers, army personnel, industrialists, politicians, etc. are amongst the proud alumnus of the schools in the village.

Religion in Phephana

Different temples, Arya Samaj, Mosque, Gurudwara, Dera Sachcha Sauda, etc. makes the village very religious in nature.

Arya Samaj, Phephana is one of the first ten Arya Samajs established in India. Arya Samaj, Phephana runs a school to provide education, which is one of the oldest public school in Phephana.

List of temples

  1. Arya Samaj Mandir
  2. Hanuman Mandir
  3. Baba Ram Dev Mandir
  4. Jahar Veer Gogaji Mandir
  5. Mata Sati Devi Mandir
  6. Karni Mata Mandir
  7. Shiv Mandir

In addition to it, there are two mosques in the village and a Gurudwara.

Notable Persons

Gallery of Phephana

References

  1. Ram Jas Arya 'Bhajanopadeshak' : Jat Samaj, Agra, August 2002, p.9
  2. Ram Jas Arya 'Bhajanopadeshak' : Jat Samaj, Agra, August 2002, p.9
  3. Ram Jas Arya 'Bhajanopadeshak' : Jat Samaj, Agra, August 2002, p.9
  • Ram Jas Arya 'Bhajanopadeshak' : Jat Samaj, Agra, August 2002, p.9

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