Rajasthan (राजस्थान) is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. It borders Pakistan to the west, Gujarat to the southwest, Madhya Pradesh to the southeast, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana to the northeast and Punjab to the north. Rajasthan covers an area of 342,239 km².
Districts and Tahsils of Rajasthan
The state capital is Jaipur. Geographical features include the Thar Desert in western Rajasthan and the termination of the Ghaggar River. One of the world's oldest mountain ranges, the Aravalli Range, cradles the only hill station of Rajasthan, Mount Abu, and its world famous Dilwara Temples. Eastern Rajasthan has two national tiger reserves, Ranthambore and Sariska, as well as Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, famous for its bird life.
Rajasthan was earlier called Rajputana (state of Rajputs) after the ruling class of Rajputs. Rajput clans rose to prominence in the 6th century, establishing kingdoms in Rajasthan and across northern India. A number of Rajput states became tributaries to the Delhi Sultanate and Mughal Empire during those empires' peak of expansion. As these empires weakened, the Rajputs reasserted their independence. With the decline of the Mughal Empire in the 18th century, Rajputana become more and more independent. The Rajput kings concluded treaties with the British in the early 19th century, accepting British sovereignty. Ajmer became a province of British India, while the autonomous Rajput states and a few non-Rajput states (Tonk, Bharatpur, and Dholpur) were organized into the Rajputana Agency. Bharatpur and Dholpur were Jat states.
The Rajputana name of Rajasthan came into existence in the rule of Akbar but it did not get much publicity. Rajputana name come into use after Col James Tod wrote his book ‘Rajasthan’ at the time of British rule.
Jat population in Rajasthan
The exact Jat population in Rajasthan at present is not available as there is no caste wise census after 1931 in India. We can take 1931 Jat population as an indication of the proportion of it to the other castes. It can also be extrapolated on the ration of 2001 census and 1931 census, which can give approximate Jat population.
The total population of India in 1931 was 27.09 crore and in 2001 was 102.7 crore. Thus there is an increase of 3.681 times. On this basis the present Jat population in Rajasthan must be 3.681 times 1142025 = 4203800. Thus we can say population of Jats in Rajasthan is 4203800.
Jat population 1931
Thakur Deshraj has given an analysis of Jat population in Rajasthan as on 1931. Rajasthan was called Rajputana prior to independence. As per 1931 census the population of Jats in Rajasthan was as under:
Total Jat population…. 1142025
The population of jats in then princely states where they were in sizable proportion was as under:
Highest Jat density areas
Thakur Deshraj has mentioned that the maximum density of Jats was in following tehsils in each princely state as under:
- Bikaner state – All tehsils
- The population of Jats in Rajasthan was more than all other castes, which was 9.28 % of total population.
- In some of princely states their population was as high as 23 % of total population.
- The population of Rajputs in the state was 633830, which was 5.65 % of total population.
- The total Jat population including Bisnois was double of Rajputs.
- Jats were the inhabitants of Rajasthan from much earlier periods.
- See main article मध्यकालीन राजस्थान में जाट जनपद
According to Dr Naval Viyogi, Rajasthan was sometimes the greatest centre of Naga ruler. Present Tonk town was centre of Naga rulers and is called in the Chauhan Chronicles Takatpur after the name of Takshak Naga.
Rajputana name for Rajasthan prior to independence creates confusion as if Rajput population is in majority in this state. Thakur Deshraj has provided facts that total Jat population in Rajasthan in 1931 census was 11,42,025 where as Rajput population was 6,33,830. Thus Jats were about double the population of Rajputs. Shekhawati was part of Jaipur state, which had the highest Jat population of 3,13,609. In some of the princely states it was about 25 percent of total population, forming the single largest caste.  As per Imperial Gazeteer of India v-8, p-22, More than 44 per cent of the population in Bhadra tehsil in 1901, were Jats at that time. 
Historical traditions are that Jats, Bhils, Ahirs, Gujars, Meenas and some other tribes had a great contribution in building the state of Rajasthan along with Rajputs. All these tribes had to suffer great difficulties to protect their culture and the land. Millions of them martyred for this land. ‘The Hinduan Suraj’ title to Udaipur was due to Bhils. Jats had been fighting since beginning. Gujars had been exterminated in Bhinmal and Ajmer areas fighting with the invaders. Bhils ruled Kota and Bundi one time. Gujars were sardars in Alwar, Jodhpur and Ajmer areas. 
The truth is that purohits, Charans and Court poets out of greed for money and land gave prominence to Rajputs. Later James Tod wrote annals after taking bribe from Maharaja Udaipur and Maharaja Jodhpur of the Rajputana state. He was biased towards these states and Rajputs. The earlier contributions of warriors and protectors of the land Jats, Bhils, Gujars and Meenas were neglected and lost in the history. 
Jats lived in the Thar Desert since ancient times according to the puranic sources. They were also settled in Sindh and Punjab who migrated to the desert area of Rajasthan from time to time. The Author of the book ‘India of the dark ages’ writes that Jat republics were present in Rajasthan. Rule of Yaudheyas in desert area and naga Jats in Nagaur has been mentioned.  These republics were there till the rule of Harshavardhana. After the fall Harsha in 647 AD, the Jat republics weakened due to invasions by Mugals, Turks, Muslims and Yavanas. In the sixth and seventh century when new Agnikula clan of Rajputas was created in mount Abu, many of the Jat clans merged in them. Rajput sangha was formed from Gujar clans also. The Jat clans who joined Rajput sangha were termed Rajputs. Jat clans who did not leave the Vedic tradition of widow marriage remained in Jat sangha. Later during Muslim rule, to avoid the excesses by Mugals some of these Rajputs started child marriages of girls and the widow marriages, these groups left Rajput sangha and joined again the Jats and Gurjars. According to the records of Bhats, the rule of Anangapal and Prithvi Raj Chauhan was on these Jat areas of Ajmer, Sambhar, Fulera, and Shekhawati and up to Delhi. After the fall of Prithvi Raj Chauhan, there was no alternative left for these clans except to join the Jat sangha. The large number of common clans amongst Rajputs, Jats and Gurjars indicates that intermixing of clans with these sanghas was a trend at that time. 
Jat clans who ruled in Rajasthan are: Punia, Beniwal, Johiya, Sihag, Saran, Godara, Kaswan, Bhadu, Bhati, Bhukar, Burdak,Chahar, Jakhar, Sangwan, Sahu, Kalher, Nain, Garhwal, Mann, Kularia, Gaina, Loyal, Balhara, Khokhar, Maurya, Bidiyasar, Nehra, etc.
Jat Gotras found in Rajasthan
Thakur Deshraj had compiled a list of about 700 Jat gotras in Rajasthan. The gotras in Rajasthan were based ontheir Vans, in some cases on individual names, in some cases based on villages etc. Many jat gotras were rulers in Rajasthan in some part or the other. Some of the gotras are given below which needs to be expanded:
B: Badsara, Bagaria, Bagarwa, Bagrawat, Bajad, Bajdolia, Bajolia, Bajiya, Balauda, Balhara, Bana, Bangarwa, Barala, Barjati, Barkesia, Batar, Bayala, Beda, Beerda, Behda, Beniwal, Berwal, Bhadia, Bhadu, Bhagaur, Bhainri, Bhakar, Bhamu, Bhanwaria, Bhawala, Bheda, Bhinchar, Bhind, Bhukar, Bhuria, Bidiyasar, Bijarnia, Birda, Birk, Bochalya, Boran, Budania, Bugalia, Burdak, Buri,
D: Daara, Dabas, Dadarwal, Dagur, Dahiya, Dandakh, Dangi, Dantusliya, Dara, Dehru, Devanda, Dhaka, Dhatrawal, Dhaulya, Dhanger, Dhankad, Dhariwal, Dhayal, Dhindel, Dhinwa, Didel, Dodwadia, Doodhwal, Dookya, Dorwal, Dotasara, Dudi, Dular,
K: Kajla, Kak, Kakodia, Kaler, Kalirawna, Kalwania, Kankoria, Kapuria, Karir, Karwa, Karwasra, Kasania, Kaswa, Katewa, Khairwa, Khakal, Kharbas, Kharinta, Kharra, Khedar, Khekarel, Khichar, Khileri, Khokhar, Khyalia, Kiliraya, Kirdolia, Kok, Koak, Kothari, Kudi, Kukania, Kulhar, Kulhari,
Famous Jat people of Rajasthan
Badan Singh, Chaudhary Kumbha Ram Arya, Churaman, Baldev Ram Mirdha, Dr. Balram Jakhar, Daulatram Saharan, Gyan Prakash Pilania, Gokula, Hans Raj Arya, Hari Singh Burdak, Karmabai, Kunwar Natwar Singh, Lothoo Nitharwal, Maharaja Suraj Mal, Maharani Kishori, Nathuram Mirdha, Parasram Maderna, Raja Ram, Shis Ram Ola, Sona Ram, Subhash Maharia, Swami Keshwanand, Tejaji, Thakur Deshraj, R.S.Paroda,
Jat MLAs elected in 2003
Jat MLAs elected in 2008
S.No. Name Constituency(District) Party
- Nathu Ram Sinodiya Kishangarh (Ajmer) INC
- Col Sona Ram (Pawda) Baytu (Barmer ) INC
- Hema Ram Chaudhary (Dharatwal)Gudha Malani (Barmer) INC
- Digambar Singh Deeg - Kumher (Bharatpur) BJP
- Krishnedra Kaur Nadbai (Bharatpur) BJP
- Ram Lal Jat Mandal (Bhilwara) INC
- Virendra Beniwal Lunkaransar (Bikaner) INC
- Manglaram Godara Dungargarh (Bikaner) INC
- Udailal Anjana Nimbahera (Chittorgargh) INC
- Prakash Chandra Chaudhary Badi Sadri (Chittorgargh) INC
- Kamla Kaswan Sadulpur (Churu) BJP
- Santosh Kumar Saharan Sadulshahar (Ganganagar) INC
- Gurmeet Singh Kunnar Karanpur (Ganganagar) IND
- Ganga Jal Meel Suratgarh (Ganganagar) INC
- Dr Param Navadeep Sangaria (Hanumangargh) INC
- Vinod Kumar Lilawali Hanumangarh(Hanumangargh) INC
- Abhishek Matoria Nohar (Hanumangargh) BJP
- Jaideep Dudi Bhadra (Hanumangargh) IND
- Phool Chand Bhinda Viratnagar (Jaipur) BJP
- Bhag Raj Chaudhary Ahore (Jalore) INC
- Poora Ram Chaudhary Bhinmal (Jalore) BJP
- Jeevaram Chaudhary Sanchore (Jalore) IND
- Vasundhara Raje Jhalrapatan (Jhalawar) BJP
- Sharwan Kumar Surajgarh (Jhunjhunu) INC
- Brijendra Singh Ola Jhunjhunu (Jhunjhunu) INC
- Rita Choudhary Mandawa (Jhunjhunu) INC
- Mahipal Maderna Osian (Jodhpur) INC
- Malkhan Singh Bishnoi Luni (Jodhpur) INC
- Harji Ram Burdak Ladnun (Nagaur) IND
- Rupa Ram Dudi Deedwana (Nagaur) INC
- Hanuman Bainiwal Khinvsar (Nagaur) BJP
- Ajay Singh Kilak Degana (Nagaur) BJP
- Mahendra Choudhary Nawan (Nagaur) INC
- Dilip Chaudhary (Bana) Jaitaran (Pali) IND
- Kesa Ram Chaudhary Marwar Junciton (Pali) BJP
- Govind Singh Dotasara Lachmangarh (Sikar) INC
- Amra Ram (Paraswal) Dantaramgarh (Sikar) CPM
- Banshi Dhar Bajia Khandela (Sikar) BJP
- Ranveer Pahalwan Malpura (Tonk) IND
Jat MPs in Rajasthan
Out of 25 MPs in Rajasthan in 2004 Lok Sabha Election, 5 Mps are Jats, See the list - List of MPs of Rajasthan in 14th Lok Sabha
Out of 25 MPs in Rajasthan in 2009 Lok Sabha Election, 8 MPs are Jats: See the list -
Jat MPs 2009 are:
Martyrs of Kargil war from Rajasthan
- see complete list on Martyrs of Kargil war from Rajasthan
Folk deities and Goddesses of Rajasthan
भारतवर्ष के हर राज्य में लोक देवताओं और देवियों का महत्वपूर्ण स्थान है. राजस्थान में लोक देवियों के प्रति बडी आस्था और मान्यता है. प्रत्येक अंचल में उनका अपना विशेष प्रभाव है तथा इनकी पूजा व्यापक तौर पर होती है. हर ख़ुशी के मौके पर यथा जन्म, शादी-ब्याह, मुंडन, आदि में इन लोक देवताओं और देवियां को याद किया जाता है. गाँव गाँव में इनके थान बने हुए हैं. रोगों से मुक्ति पाने के लिए मनौतियाँ बोली जाती हैं, उनके थान पर फेरी लगाई जाती हैं तथा इनके नाम के धागे बांधे जाते हैं. ख़ास तौर पर जाटों के मुख्य लोक देवता हैं: तेजाजी, बिग्गाजी, गोगाजी आदि.
- Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas – The Ancient Rulers of India, P.27
- Tod IP-110 foot note no,3
- Thakur Deshraj Jat Itihas, p.694
- Imperial Gazeteer of India v-8,p-22
- Thakur Deshraj Jat Itihas, p.588.
- Dr Natthan Singh, Jat-Itihas, (Jat History), Jat Samaj Kalyan Parishad, F-13, Dr Rajendra Prasad Colony, Tansen marg, Gwalior, M.P, India 474 002 2004, page-91
- Sahiram, Ek adhūrī krānti, Shekhawati kā kisān āndolan (1922-1952), page - 14
- Rajasthan on flickr.com
- GOVERNMENT OF RAJASTHAN STATE PROTECTED SITES
- Latitude Longitude of Rajasthan towns
- STD Codes Rajasthan
- राजस्थान : एक परिचय
- Jat resistance to the Mughal- Rajput alliance in Braj, Dr. Virsingh paper
- RICHARD SISSON, PEASANT MOVEMENTS AND POLITICAL MOBILIZATION: THE JATS OF RAJASTHAN