Ambala (Hindi: अम्बाला, Punjabi ਅੰਬਾਲਾ , Telugu: అంబాల ) is a city and a municipal council in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India. The city is located on the border of the states of Haryana and Punjab in India. Administratively; Ambala is divided into to units: Ambala Cantt (cantonment) and Ambala City. It has a large Indian Army and Indian Air Force presence within the confines of its cantonment area. Due to its geographical location, the Ambala District plays an important role in local tourism. Tourists to Himachal Pradesh , Punjab , Chandigarh and Jammu and Kashmir have to pass through Ambala whether they go by Road or Rail .
The district headquarters is situated in Ambala City. Other towns are Ambala Cantt., Barara, Naggal, Mulana, Saha and Shahzadpur. The total area of Ambala district is 1569 sq km and its population is 11,06,000. It is famous for its big army cantonment, air force base and a very busy railway junction. Scientific equipment industry is flourishing here which exports its products to foreign countries too.
Tahsils in Ambala district
Villages in Ambala tahsil
Addu Majra, Ahman, Akbarpur, Alapur, Alauddin Majra, Ambala (M Cl), Ambala Cantt (CB), Ambala Sadar (M Cl), Aminpur, Anandpur Jalbera, Babaheri, Babiyal (CT), Baknaur, Balana, Bamba, Banhpur, Bara, Baraul, Baringan, Barnala, Barola, Batrohan, Bazeedpur, Begampur Ambala, Bego Majra, Behbalpur, Behta, Bersan, Bhano Kheri, Bhari, Bheelpura, Bhuni, Bhurangpur, Bichhpari, Bishangarh, Boh, Bohawa, Brahman Majra, Chandpura Ambala, Chapra, Chhanni, Chhapra, Chudiala, Chudiali, Chugna, Dadiana, Dangdehri, Danipur, Daudpur, Denarpur, Devinagar, Dhakola, Dhankaur, Dhanora, Dhanori, Dhelo Majra, Dhorali, Dhulkot, Dhurala, Dhurala, Dhurkra, Dingerian, Dorana, Dubli, Dukheri, Fazalpur, Garnala, Getpura, Ghagru , Ghaseetpur, Ghasitpur, Ghel, Gobindgarh, Gorsian, Haldari, Hamayupur, Harra, Haryoli, Hasanpur, Husanpur, Ismailpur, Jagoli, Jalalpur, Jandheri, Jandli, Janetpur, Jansui, Jansuya, Jawahargarh, Kakru, Kalarheri, Kalawar, Kaleran, Kangwal, Kanwla, Kanwli, Kapuri, Kardhan, Kesri, Khana Majra, Khanpur, Kharu Khera, Khaspur, Khatoli, Khera, Khojkipur, Khuda Kalan, Khuda Khurd, Khuddi, Khurampur Majri, Khurchanpur, Kolu Majra, Konkpur, Kot Kachhwa Kalan, Kot Kachhwa Khurd, Ladana, Laha, Lakhnaur Sahib, Laliana, Landha, Landiali, Langar, Laotan, Liharsa, Lohgarh, Machhonda, Machhondi, Mahlan, Mahtabgarh, Majri, Malikpur, Malor, Malwa, Manakpur, Mandhaur, Mandli, Manglai, Manka, Mansurpur, Mardon, Masatpur, Matehri Jattan, Matehri Shekhan, Mehmudpur, Mehmudpur, Metlan, Mirzapur, Mithapur, Miyan Majra, Mohra, Mohri, Munarheri, Muzafra, Nagal, Nagal, Naggal, Nagla, Nanhera, Nanyola, Naraingarh, Nasirpur, Niharsa, Niharsi, Nizampur Ambala, Nurpur, Ogara, Ojlan, Panjhail, Panjokhara, Panjola, Patti Achrjan, Patti Jatan, Patti Kalalan, Patti Mehar, Patti Rangran, Patti Shekhan, Pelakhni, Phalail Majra, Pharoli, Phusiala, Qurabanpur, Raiya Majra, Ramgarh urf Sharifpur, Rampur, Rampur, Rasulpur, Rattangarh Urf Nakatpur, Rattanheri, Rawalan, Rawlan, Roshanpura, Rupu Majra, Sabapur, Sadopur, Saha, Sakhraon, Salarheri, Samalheri, Sambhalkha, Sapehra, Sarangpur, Sarsehri, Segta, Segti, Shadipur, Shahabpura, Shahabpura, Shahpur, Sheikhupur, Shekh Majra, Shergarh, Singanwala, Sonda, Sonta, Sonti, Subga, Sullar, Sultanpur, Tar, Tejan, Tepla, Tharwa, Tobha, Tundla, Tundli, Udepur,
As per ancient Indian history, Aryan people had resided at Ambala at some point in time. There was a very popular place called Sarudhna near Ambala, which was the Aryan country's capital at that time. Ambala was given the status of a district in the year 1847. The British built a Cantonment here, and the Cantonment has grown bigger than the main city now.
There are a number of stories regarding the name 'Ambala'. According to one account the town is named after the Goddess Bhawani Amba. Yet another stories claims that the town was originally called Amb Wala (place of Mangoes), and over time this got corrupted into the present name of Ambala.
In 1841, after an outbreak of malaria, the British abandoned the cantonment at Karnal. In its place a large cantonment was founded in Ambala in 1843. Ambala district is famous for its industries, especially that of scientific instruments, metal casting, kitchen mixer grinders and submersible motor pumps.
Ambala lies on the North-Eastern edge of Haryana between 27-39"-45' North latitude and 74-33"-53' to 76-36"-52' East longitude. It is bounded by the district Yamunanagar to the South-East. To its South lies Kurukshetra district while in its west is situated Patiala and Ropar districts of Punjab and Chandigarh (UT). Sirmaur districts of Himachal Pradesh bounds the district in the North-East. The height from the sea level is 900 feet. The district is mainly drained by the following non-perennial streams:
1. The Markanda & its tributaries 2. The Dangri (Tangri) & its tributaries 3. The Ghagghar & its tributaries
The Markanda drains the southern slopes of Dharti Dhar range (Himachal Pradesh), cuts through the Shivalik hills and enters Ambala district. The Markanda and the Dangri streams ultimately drain into the Ghagghar river beyond the territory of the district. The Ghagghar along with its tributaries however constitutes an inland drainage system.
There are many shrines in and around Ambala City. There is a temple, Bhawani Amba, named after the goddess Bhawani. The Badshahi Bag Gurdwara, Sis Ganj Gurdwara, Manji Sahib Gurdwara, Sangat Sahib Gurdwara are the historical gurdwaras here. These are associated with Guru Gobind Singh, Guru Tegh Bahadur and Guru Hargobind respectively.
Jat Gotras in Ambala district
- Smt Hardeep Kaur Punia - From Jandli, district Ambala, Elected as Parshad of Ward No.10 Ambala.
- Smt Chitra Sarwara - From Mohri Ambala, district Ambala, Elected as Parshad of Ward No.16 Ambala.
- Vijay Rattan Chaudhary (Major) - Maha Vir Chakra, From Ambala, Haryana, Martyr of 1971 India-Pakistan War on 11/12 December, 1971.