Yamunanagar

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Map of Yamunanagar District

Yamunanagar (Hindi:यमुनानगर) is the district Hqs with a municipal corporation named as Yamunanagar-Jagadhri Corportation in Yamunanagar District in the Indian state of Haryana. Another important town is called Jagadhri. As these two towns, with the passage of time have intermingled, they are popularly referred to as the Twin cities of Yamuna Nagar-Jagadhri. The railway station servicing the town is called Jagadhri railway station. Other smaller towns are Jagadhari, Chhachhrauli, Radaur and Sadhaura. Total area of the district is 1,756 sq km and its population is 8,21,000.

Tahsils in Yamunanagar district

History

Yamunanagar was created as a separate new district of Haryana on 16 October, 1989. Earlier to that it was a part of Ambala district. In the olden days, Yamuna Nagar was known as Abdullahpur. It used to be a small town (Kasba) with population concentrated, mainly around Jagadhri Railway Station. There was a century-old, flourishing timber market here. The river Yamuna forms its eastern boundary with the states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttaranchal. The district is bordered by Himachal Pradesh and the districts of Karnal, Kurukshetra and Ambala. There are 655 villages and 10 towns in this district.

Buddhism in India

Ref- Reviving Buddhist Heritage, Culture : Haryana Review, October 2011

Lord Buddha who propounded the doctrine of truth and non-violence, preached Buddhism in India and Asia, 2,600 years ago. And, these ruins of Buddhist culture, speak volumes about the glory and magnificence of the bygone Buddhist era. After witnessing the vast and elegant layout of the intricately-built-structures, Siddhartha Gauri marvelled at the true grandeur of the golden period when Buddhism was at its peak in India, promoting harmony and peace amongst different faiths. The site of that stupa made him very wistful and left him gasping for more information on such sites in India. While collecting information about such sites, he found too many of them across the country, mostly in Haryana. An idea occurred to him — to revive these degenerated structures to preserve and restore the Buddhist culture and Indian Heritage.

Buddhism in Haryana

Bauddha Stupa unearthed in Haryana (now under Archaeological Survey of India)

Reference — Reviving Buddhist Heritage, Culture : Haryana Review, October 2011

According to Siddhartha Gauri the best findings about Buddhism are in Haryana. There were as many as 14 such Buddhist sites in Haryana. His research further revealed that Buddhism was in full influence in Haryana from King Ashoka’s era tifi the rule of king Harsh Vardhana who ruled over a vast area of North India in the 7th century Buddhism dominated the area and it flourished and prevailed in Haryana up to 14th century.

According to a report, Haryana was an important centre of Buddhism. The foundation of Buddhism inthe state was laid by Lord Buddha himself when he set his foot in Sugh village of Haryana, 5 km from Yamunanagar. Lord Buddha delivered his sermon here. Though the structural evidence is lost, but coins and figurines depict a picture of Sugh as a centre of learning as important as Taxila and Patliputra of that time. Both the Chinese traveler Huen Tsang and Sanskrit grammarian Panini also rated Sugh as one of the highly civilized and developed villages of that time. The highly evolved people of different faiths- the Buddhist, the Jains and the Hindus, were engaged in their intellectual activities and lived harmoniously at this place.

Siddharatha Gauri’s findings further reveal that nearly 300 forgotten Buddhist relics, including 53 in Madhya Pradesh, 14 in Haryana, 12 In Himachal Pradesh and one in Punjab, were also found. His best findings are In Haryana. There Is a Buddh Vihar at Adi Badri and Buddha stupas and monasteries at Chaneti, Topra and Sandhay villages - all in Yamunanagar district. Buddhists ruins have also been found at Amin in Kurukshetra, Assandh in Karnal district, at Agroha, Bhuna and Fatehabad villages in district Hisar, at Khokrakot in district Rohtak and at village Aherwan in district Palwal. The ancient sites of Amin in Kurukshetra and Khokrakot in district Rohtak have been listed on the official website of the Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi. Asandh in Karnal has a remarkable history and is one of the tallest Stupas in North India which is 2,000 years old.

Places to visit

Dadupur, Kalesar Forest, Hathni Kund and Tajewala barrage. Another not to be missed place is the Ch Devi Lal Herbal Park, Chuharpur.

Yamunanagar town has many large industries in plywood, paper, sugar, metal and utensils sector. Saraswati Sugar Mills is located here. I S G E C and Railway Workshop are two other important industrial giants of the town.

Important Places

JAGADHRI: Known for utensils industry. Yugandhara & Ganadhari had been demolished by Nadirshah in 1739. The credit of rebuilding this city goes to Sardar Rai Singh in 1783. Gradually, it developed as a major centre of Metal Industry.

Prominent persons

  • Chaudhary Dilbag Singh Sandhu - Member Legislative Assembly, Haryana.
  • Dr. Raj Pal Singh - Associate Professor Department of History, M L N College, Yamunanagar.
  • Dr. Rajender Sandhu - Sandhu Clinic, near ITI, Yamunanagar.
  • Dr. Surendra Sandhu - Haryana Govt. service.
  • Jai Paul Singh Dahiya - Retired IAS officer.
  • Justice Pritam Pal-Lokayukta Haryana and Retd. High Court Judge

Gallery

External Links

References


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