Amravati

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Author:Laxman Burdak, IFS (Retd.)

Map of Amravati district

Amravati (अमरावती) (Amrawati, Amravti) is a city and district in Maharashtra. It was also known as Dharanikota. Dhanakakata was a Buddhist place visited by Xuanzang in 639 AD in South India. Alexander Cunningham has been identified Dhanakakata with Amaravti, Maharashtra.[1]

Among the historical landmarks in the city are the temples of Amba, Shri Krishna, and Shri Venkateshwara.

Variants

Rivers in Amravati

Bor River, Burshi River, Gadaga River, Khandu River, Khapra River, Purna River, Sangiya River, Surkhi River, Tapti River, Tigria River, Vaan River, Vidarbha River, Wardha River,

Tahsils

The district consists of six sub-divisions, which are further divided into 14 talukas.

Jat Villages in Amrawti district

Villages in Amravati District

Achalpur, Adgaon, Adgaon, Adgaon Bk, Adula, Alangaon, Aloda, Ambada, Amdapur, Amla, Amla Vishveshwar, Amner, Amravati, Anjangaon, Anjangaon Bari, Anjansingi, Anjanwati, Asara, Asatpur, Asegaon, Asegaon, Ashok Nagar, Ashtagaon, Ashti, Ashtoli, Babhali Badnapur, Badnera, Bahada, Bairagad, Bargaon, Bargaon, Belaj, Belkheda, Belmandali, Belora, Belora, Belora Hirapur, Benoda, Berdabarda, Berdabhuru, Bhamod , Bhandaraj, Bhankheda, Bhankheda Kh., Bhatkuli, Bhatkuli, Bhilona, Bhiwapur, Bhokarbardi, Bhopapur, Bhugaon, Bijudhawdi, Bobado , Borala, Borala, Borala, Borda, Bordi, Borgaon, Borgaon Dhande , Borgaon Peth, Bori, Borkhadi Kh, Brahman Wada Govindpur, Bramhanwada Bhagat, Bramhanwada Thadi, Chakarda, Chandas, Chandikapur, Chandur, Chandur, Chandurbazar, Changapur, Chatwabod, Chausala, Chikhal Sawangi, Chikhaldara, Chikhali, Chinchargavhan, Chincholi, Chincholi, Chincholi, Chincholi Gavali, Chincholi Kale, Chincholi Shingne, Chinchona, Chinchpur, Chirodi, Churni, Dabaka, Dabha, Dabhada, Dabida, Dadhi, Dadra, Dahendri, Dahigaon, Dahigaon, Dapori, Darapur, Daryabad, Daryapur Banosa, Dattapur Dhamangaon, Davargaon , Deogaon, Deori, Deurwada, Devgaon, Devra, Dhakulgaon, Dhamak, Dhamangaon, Dhamangaon, Dhamangaon, Dhamodi, Dhamori, Dhanegaon, Dhanodi, Dhanodi, Dhanora Gurav, Dhanora Mhali, Dhanora Mogal, Dhanorafasi, Dharanmahu, Dharni, Dhawalsari, Dhotarkheda, Dhulghat, Dighi Mahalle, Diya, Doma, Duni, Ekalaspur, Ekdara, Erandgaon, Fubgaon, Ful Amala, Gadegaon, Gadgamalur, Gaiwadi, Ganeshpur, Gangarkheda, Ganojadevi, Ganori, Gaulkheda Bazar, Gaurkheda, Gavandgaon Bk, Gavha Farkade, Gavha Nipani, Gavhankund, Ghat Ladki, Ghodgaon, Ghorad, Ghuikhed, Golai, Gondwadi, Goregaon, Govindpur, Gurudeonagar, Hanawatkheda, Hantoda, Haram, Harisal, Hartala, Hatkheda, Hatru, Haturna, Haturna, Hingangaon, Hipur, Hirabambai, Hirapur, Hirpur, Hiwara Bk, Hiwarkhed, Husenpur Khodgaon, Indhala, Isambari, Itki, Ittamgaon, Jainpur, Jalgaon, Jalgaon Arvi, Jalka, Jalka Jagtap, Jalka Patache, Jambli, Jamgaon, Jamthi Ganeshpur, Januna, Jarud, Jasapur, Jawala, Jawara, Jawla, Jawra, Juna Dhamangaon , Kajaldoh, Kajali, Kajana, Kakda, Kalamgaon, Kalamjapur, Kalamkhar, Kalashi, Kalgavhan, Kamunj, Kandali, Kanzara, Kapustalani, Kapustalni, Kara, Karajgaon, Karajgaon, Karala, Karanja Bahiram, Karla, Kasampur, Kasampur, Kasbegavhan, Kathora, Katkumbh, Katpur, Katsur, Kawali, Kawathal, Kawitha, Kawtha, Kawtha Kadu, Kekatpur, Khadka, Khalar, Khanampur, Khanapur, Khanjamanagar, Khaparkheda, Kharala, Khari, Kharpi, Khartalegaon, Kharwadi, Kharya Tembru, Khed , Khel Chaudhar, Khel Januji, Khel Mahal, Khel Nagawe, Kheldeomali, Kholapur , Khopada , Kokarda, Kolha, Kolvihir , Kondwardha, Kothoda, | Kovhala Jateshwar, Kumbhargaon, Kumbhi, Kund Kurad, Kund Sarjapur, Kural, Kurali, Kurha, Kushta, Kusumkot, Kutanga, Ladki Bk, Lakhad, Lakhanwadi, Lakhanwadi, Lalkhed, Lashnapur, Lawada, Lehegaon, Lihida, Linga, Lohogaon, Loni, Loni, Lontek, Lotwada, Madhan, Maholi Chor, Mahuli Jahangir, Malegaon, Malhara, Malkapur, Malkhed, Malkhed, Mamdapur, Mamrabad, Mandwa, Mangrul, Mangrul Chawala, Mangruli, Manjarkhed, Marda, Mardi, Marki, Masod, Mhasala, Mhasona, Mogarda, Mokhad, Morangna, Morchund, Morgad, Morshi, Mowad, Mozari, Mund Nilkanth Sakharam, Mund Nishankrao, Murha, Murtijapur, Nagapur, Nagazira, Naigaon, Nalwada, Nanded, Nandgaon, Nandgaon Peth, Nandrun , Nandsawangi, Nandura, Nanduri, Nanori, Nardoda, Naya Akola, Nayawathoda, Nerpingalai, Nimbara Buzurq , Nimbha, Nimbha, Nimbhari, Nimbhi , Nimbhora Bodkha, Nimbhora Delwadi, Nimboli, Nimgavhan, Nimkhed Bajar, Nirul Gangamai, Ojharkhed, Onkar, Pala, Palas Mandal, Palaskhed, Pandhari, Panora, Papal, Parasapur, Pardi, Pardi, Parlam, Pathrot, Patiya, Pawani, Peth Raghunathpur, Pethmangruli, Phubgaon, Pimpal Khuta, Pimpalgaon, Pimpalgaon Nipani, Pimpalkhuta, Pimpalkhuta Motha, Pimplod, Pimpri, Pimpri, Pimpri Nipani, Pimpri Thugaon, Pohara, Porgavhan, Pralhadpur, Pusada, Pusla, Raipur, Raipur, Rajna, Rajura, Rajura Bajar, Rajurwadi, Ramapur, Ramtirtha , Ranapisa, Ranigaon, Ranitamboli, Rasegaon, Rashidpur, Rasulpur, Ratnapur, Rawala, Revsa, Rithpur, Roshankheda, Sadrabardi,, Sakhari, Salepur, Salod , Salona, Salora Kh, Samada, Sangkud, Sarfabad, Sarfapur, Sarsi, Sasan, Sasan Ramapur, Satargaon, Satargaon, Satefal, Sategaon, Satnoor, Saur, Savarkhed, Sawalapur, Sawali Datura, Sawalikheda, Sawaner, Sawanga, Sawanga Vithoba, Sawangi, Sawangi Magrapur, Sawarkhed, Sawla, Sayat, Semadoh, Shahapur, Shelu Natwa, Shelugund, Shendola, Shendola Kh., Shendurjana, Shendurjana, Shendurjana Kh., Shevati, Shingnapur, Shingori, Shirajgaon, Shirajgaon, Shirajgaon Korde, Shirajgaon Mozari, Shirala, Shiralas, Shirkhed, Shirpur, Shivara, Shiwangaon, Shiwani, Shiwar, Shiwar Kh., Simbhora, Sindi, Sirajgaon Band , Sonapur, Sonegaon Kharda, Songaon, Sonori, Sukali, Sultanpur, Surali, Surli, Susarda, Takali, Takarkheda, Takarkheda, Takarkheda More, Takli , Takli Jaha, Talai, Talani, Talegaon Dashasar, Talegaon Mohna, Talegaon Thakur, Talvel, Taroda, Tatarpur, Tawalar, Tembhrusonda, Tembhurkheda, Tembli, Teosa, Thilori, Thugaon, Thugaon Pimpri, Titamba, Tiwra, Tiwsa Ghat, Tondgaon, Tongala Bad, Tujapur, Tuljapur Gadhi, Turkheda, Udapur, Udkhed, Umari Itbarpur, Umari Mamdabad, Uparai, Usalgavhan, Uttamsara, Vaknath, Varvad, Vasad, Vastapur, Veni Ganeshpur, Vichori, Vihigaon, Virshi, Virul, Virul Ronghe, Vishnora, Vishroli, Vitala, Wadala, Wadegaon, Wadgaon, Wadgaon Fattepur, Wadhona, Wadhona Ramnath, Wadner Gangai, Wadura, Wadura, Waghal, Waghoda, Wagholi, Wai Kh, Waigaon, Walgaon, Wanarshi, Wani, Wanoja, Warha, Warkhed, Warud, Warud, Warud Bagaji, Wathoda, Wathoda Kh, Wathoda Shukleshwar, Watpur, Wazzar, Yawali, Yawali, Yenas, Yeoda, Yeoti, Yerad, Yerla, Yesurna, Yevata, Zada, Zadgaon, Zilpi,

History

Amravati, in Sanskrit, literally means ‘abode of immortals’. Amravati was the capital of Berar, which was part of present-day Vidharbha. Berar was part of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka's empire. In 1833, Berar was handed over to the British East India Company. It was divided into two districts, South Berar or Balaghat and North Berar. In 1956, due to the reorganisation of the states, Amravati was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state. Later in 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Amravati became one of its districts. Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh was hiding for 3 days in Amravati during his underground tenure and he frequently visited Hanuman Akhada (Gym) during that time.

Visit by Xuanzang in 639 AD

Alexander Cunningham[2] writes that From Kalinga the Chinese pilgrim Xuanzang proceeded about 1800 or 1900 li, or from 300 to 317 miles,[3] to the


[p.520]: north-west to the kingdom of Kiao-sa-lo, or Kosala. The bearing and distance take us to the ancient province of Vidarbha, or Berar, of which the present capital is Nagpur. This agrees exactly with the position of Kosala as described in the Ratnavali, and in the Vishnu Purana.[4] In the former, the king of Kosala is surrounded in the Vindhyan mountains, and in the latter it is stated that Kusa the son of Rama, ruled over Kosala, at his capital of Kusasthali, or Kusavati, built upon the Vindhyan precipices.

All these concurring data enable us to identify the ancient Kosala with the modern province of Berar, or Gondwana. The position of the capital is more difficult to fix, as Hwen Thsang does not mention its name ; but as it was 40 li, or nearly 7 miles, in circuit, it is most probably represented by one of the larger cities of the present day. These are Chanda, Nagpur, Amaravati, and Elichpur.

Chanda is a walled town, 6 miles in circuit, with a citadel. It is situated just below the junction of the Pain Ganga and Warda rivers, at a distance of 290 miles to the north-west of Rajamahendri, on the Godavari, and of 280 miles from Dharanikota, on the Kistna. Its position, therefore, corresponds almost exactly with the bearing and distance of Hwen Thsang.

Nagpur is a large straggling town, about 7 miles in circuit ; but as it is 85 miles to the north of Chanda, its distance from Rajamahendri is about 70 miles in excess of the number stated by the Chinese pilgrim.

Amaravati is about the same distance from


[p.521]: Rajamahendri, and Elichpur is 30 miles still further to the north. Chanda is therefore the only place of consequence that has a strong claim to be identified with the capital of Kosala in the seventh century. The recorded distance of 1800 or 1900 li from Rajamahendri is further supported by the subsequent distance of 1900 li, or 900 plus 1000 li, to Dhanakakata, which was almost certainly the same place as Dharanikota, or Amaravati, on the Kistna river. Now, the road distance of Chanda from Dharanikota is 280 miles, or 1680 li, by the direct route; but as Hwen Thsang first proceeded for 900li to the south-west, and then for 1000 li to the south, the direct distance between the two places would not have been more than 1700 li.

For more details see Dhanakakata.

In Mahabharata

Vana Parva, Mahabharata/Book III Chapter 164 describes Amaravati as Indra's abode, Amaravati:....And Sakra's charioteer, Matali, at once showed me Nandana and other gardens and groves belonging to the celestials. Next I beheld Indra's abode, Amaravati, adorned with jewels and trees yielding any sort of fruit that is desired. There the Sun doth not shed heat; nor doth heat or cold or fatigue there affect (one), O king. And, O great monarch, the celestials feel neither sorrow nor poverty of spirit, nor weakness, nor lassitude, O grinder of foes. And, O ruler of men, the celestials and the others have neither anger nor covetousness. And, O king, in the abodes of the celestials, the beings are ever contented. And there the trees ever bear verdant foliage, and fruits, and flowers; and the various lakes are embalmed with the fragrance of lotuses. And there the breeze is cool, and delicious, and fragrant, and pure, and inspiring. And the ground is variegated with all kinds of gems, and adorned with blossoms. And there were seen innumerable beautiful beasts and in the air innumerable rangers of the sky.

40 इत्य उक्त्वाकाशम आविश्य मातलिर विबुधालयान
    थर्शयाम आस मे राजन विमानानि च भारत
41 नन्थनाथीनि थेवानां वनानि बहुलान्य उत
    थर्शयाम आस मे परीत्या मातलिः शक्रसारदिः
42 ततः शक्रस्य भवनम अपश्यम अमरावतीम
    थिव्यैः कामफलैर वृक्षै रत्नैश च समलंकृताम
43 न तां भासयते सूर्यॊ न शीतॊष्णे न च कलमः
    रजः पङ्कॊ न च तमस तत्रास्ति न जरा नृप
44 न तत्र शॊकॊ थैन्यं वा वैवर्ण्यं चॊपलक्ष्यते
    थिवौकसां महाराज न च गलानिर अरिंथम
45 न करॊधलॊभौ तत्रास्ताम अशुभं च विशां पते
    नित्यतुष्टाश च हृष्टाश च पराणिनः सुरवेश्मनि
46 नित्यपुष्पफलास तत्र पाथपा हरितछथाः
    पुष्करिण्यश च विविधाः पथ्मसौगन्धिकायुताः
47 शीतस तत्र ववौ वायुः सुगन्धॊ जीवनः शुचिः
    सर्वरत्नविचित्रा च भूमिः पुष्पविभूषिता
48 मृगथ्विजाश च बहवॊ रुचिरा मधुरस्वराः
    विमानयायिनश चात्र थृश्यन्ते बहवॊ ऽमराः

Udyoga Parva/Mahabharata Book V Chapter 101

"Narada said, 'This foremost of cities that thou beholdest and which resembles the Amaravati of the chief of the celestials himself, is known by the name of Bhogavati.

  • That Shesha dwelleth here, who, in consequence of his ascetic austerities of the foremost order, is able to support this earth with all her vastness
इयं भॊगवती नाम पुरी वासुकिपालिता
यादृशी देवराजस्य पुरी वर्यामरावती (Mbt:V.101.1)
एष शेषः सथितॊ नागॊ येनेयं धार्यते सदा
तपसा लॊकमुख्येन परभावमहता मही (Mbt:V.101.2)

महाराष्ट्र के जाटों का इतिहास

320 वर्ष पूर्व जाटों के दल राजस्थान, हरयाणा, दिल्ली व उत्तर प्रदेश के विभिन्न भागों से ग्वालियर, झांसी व सागर के मार्ग से नरसिंहपुर जिले के क्षेत्र में प्रविष्ट हुए थे। इस काल में पिंडारियों का आतंक था। जाटों ने उनसे संघर्ष किया और खदेड़ दिया। जाटों के उस समय तीन दल आये थे। एक दल सागर के आसपास रुका और वहाँ के निवासी हो गए। इनमें से प्रमुख राजनेता श्री रघु ठाकुर हैं। सागर से आगे जाटों का दल गया उसने नरसिंहपुर के आसपास के गाँवों पर कब्ज़ा किया और वहाँ बस गए। जाटों के आगमन के पूर्व नरसिंहपुर का नाम 'गडरिया खेड़ा' था 'गडरिया खेड़ा' पर निवास करते हुए जाटों ने एक विशाल नरसिंह भगवान के मंदिर का निर्माण प्रारम्भ किया। साथ ही एक किलेनुमा गढ़ी का निर्माण कराया। यह गढ़ी वर्त्तमान में राव साहब की बाखर कहलाती है। इस बखर से दो भूमिगत सुरंगों का निर्माण करवाया जो 'श्री देव नरसिंह भगवान' के मंदिर से जुड़ती हैं। एक सुरंग से जाट राजा, जाट सरदार तथा दूसरी सुरंग से संभ्रांत महिलायें आकर नरसिंह भगवान के दर्शन करती थी, शिव भगवान को अभिषेक करती थी। नरसिंह भगवान का मंदिर 28 वर्षों में पूर्ण हुआ। इस मंदिर के पीछे 18 एकड़ में एक विशाल सरोवर बनाया गया जिसे 'नरसिंह तालाब' के नाम से जाना जाता है। ये सभी निर्माण कार्य पूर्ण होने पर लगभग 285 वर्ष पूर्व नरसिंह भगवान की प्रतिमा विधि-विधान से स्थापित की। इसी दिवस पर गडरिया खेड़ा का नाम नरसिंह भगवान के नाम पर नरसिंहपुर रखा गया।

जाटों का आखिरी दल महाराष्ट्र के बरार क्षेत्र के जिला अकोला, अमरावती, यवतमाल आदि पहुंचे इन जिलों के अनेक गाँवों में जाटों का निवास है। नागपुर नगर निगम में चौधरी देशराज कई वर्षों महापौर के पद पर आसीन रहे हैं।

सन्दर्भ - जाट-शक्ति, रतलाम, दिनांक 7 मार्च 2014, लेखक: ठाकुर सत्येन्द्र सिंह, तलापर स्कूल के पास, संजयवार्ड, नरसिंहपुर, मो. 09425169149

Notable persons

References


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