Aror

From Jatland Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Alor (अलोर) or Aror (अरोर) is the medieval name of the city of Rohri (Sindh, Pakistan). Aror once served as the capital of Sindh.[1][2]

Variants

  • Alor (अलोर) (सिंध) = Aror आरोर = Rori रोरी (AS, p.43)
  • Alor (Sindhi: اروهڙ)
  • Arorkot (Sindhi: اروهڙ ڪوٽ)

Jat clans

Aror (अरोर) Arora (अरोरा) [3]gotra of Bhapa Sikhs found in Pakistan and in Uttar Pradesh. It get its name from an ancient place in Sindh named Alor, which was capital of King Musaksen.[4]

History

Alor (or Aror, Sukkur) held the status of capital under the reign of Musikanos, when Alexander invaded India in 326 BCE. The ruins of this ancient town still exist, 8 km east of Rohri, in Sukkur district. The Rai Dynasty built a huge temple of Shiva (Shankar), hence 'Sukkur'. In 711 CE, the Arabs invaded Sindh, led by 17 year old Muhammad bin Qasim, and Sukkur (including all of Sindh and lower Punjab) became part of the Umayyad Caliphate.

Sukkur or Sakharu (Hindi : सुक्कुर, Urdu: سکھر [səkʰəru], Sindhi: سکر), is a city and district in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Formerly it was known a Aror (अरोड, Urdu: اروڑ [əroːɽ]). During Alexander's invasion it was known as Poros ruled by Raja Poros.

According to Bhim Singh Dahiya Alor was capital of Rai Dynasty. Rai Diwaij was a powerful chief whose rule extended up to Kashmir and Kannauj kingdoms in the East, Makran and the Arabian sea in the West, Saurashtra in the South and Kandhar and Seistan and the hills of Sulaiman on the North. He formed alliances with most of the rulers of Hind, i.e. India and throughout his territories caravans travelled in perfect security. Rai Diwaij's son was Rai Siharas, and Siharas's son was Rai Sahasi. They were the kings of Rai dynasty and as is well known Rai is one of the Jat clans and the name of the dynasty is based on a title, viz., Rai meaning king. They are also given the title of Shahi by the Muslim historians. [5]

अलोर

विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[6] ने लेख किया है ...अलोर (AS, p.43): पाकिस्तान के सिंध में सक्खर से छ: मील पूर्व छोटा-सा क़स्बा था। यह 'हकरा नदी' के [p.44] पश्चिमी तट पर बसा हुआ था। इस प्राचीन नगर के खंडहर रोरी से पाँच मील दक्षिण-पूर्व की ओर स्थित हैं।

यह नगर अलक्षेंद्र के भारत पर आक्रमण करने के समय मुचुकर्ण या मूषिकों की राजधानी था[7] यूनानी लेखकों ने इन्हें 'मौसीकानोज' लिखा है। यूनानी लेखकों के वर्णन के अनुसार मूषिकों की आयु 130 वर्ष होती थी। 712 ई. में अरब सेनापति मुहम्मद बिन क़ासिम ने इस नगर को राजा दाहिर से युद्ध करने के पश्चात् जीत लिया था। यहाँ ब्राह्मण राजा दाहिर की राजधानी थी। दाहिर इस युद्ध में मारा गया और सतीत्व की रक्षा के लिए नगर की कुलवधुएँ चिताओं में जलकर भस्म हो गईं।

एक प्राचीन दन्तकथा के अनुसार 800 ई. के लगभग यह नगर सिंध नदी की बाढ़ में नष्ट हो गया था। कहा जाता है कि सेफ़ुलमुल्क नामक व्यापारी ने एक सुन्दर युवती की एक क्रूर सरदार से रक्षा करने के लिए नदी का जल नगर की ओर प्रवाहित कर दिया था, जिससे नगर तबाह हो गया।[8]

In the History of Herodotus

Bhim Singh Dahiya[9] writes that the in the period from ninth century B.C. to the fourth century B.C., roughly the time between the Manda and Van empires and Alexander's invasion, we find numerous tribes of the Jats finding a name in the history of Herodotus and others. Among the tribes of the Medians, we find:

The ruling people are called Arizanti or Arizatoi. The word Ari is a form of Arya and Zanti/Zatoi are of course the Jats, the Djati of ancient Egypt and the Guti of Sumer and China.

Arrah or Arora

Ram Sarup Joon[10] writes that ...Arora is a business community which is found from Punjab to Afghanistan.They are the descendants of Raja Ar who has been described in the account of Jat Gotras. Ar was the son of Raja Seth Chandravanshi and was the ruler of Afghanistan. His son Gandhar founded Gandhar or Qandhar. Todd has described his name as Arvis. In spite of being businessmen they are a brave and hardy people and always stuck to their religion in spite of living under Muslim pressure.

Distribution in Pakistan

About 500 years ago in the era of Sikandar Lodhi in the year 1488, Hindus belonging to the Aror tribe of District Multan embraced Islam in the hands of Habibullah Shah, a saint of the area. Nar Singh of the said tribe met Shah Shamash Tabraiz as per direction of the said saint.


History

Distribution in Uttar Pradesh

Notable persons

External links

References

  1. Malhotra, Anshu (2002). Gender, Caste, and Religious Identities: Restructuring Class in Colonial Punjab. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195656480.
  2. Handbook of the Punjab, Western Rajputana, Kashmir, and Upper Sindh. John Murray. 1883. p. 293.
  3. Jat History Dalip Singh Ahlawat/Parishisht-I, s.n. अ-13
  4. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p.219,s.n. 13
  5. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Harsha Vardhana : Linkage and Identity, pp.212-13
  6. Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, p.43-44
  7. कैंब्रिज हिस्ट्री ऑफ इंडिया, पृ. 377
  8. स्मिथ- अर्ली हिस्ट्री ऑफ इंडिया, चतुर्थ संस्करण, पृ. 369
  9. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/The Antiquity of the Jats,p.300-301
  10. Ram Sarup Joon,p.122

Back to Jat Gotras