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Author: Laxman Burdak

Bhagala (भगल) is a place name mentioned by Panini under Arihanadi (अरीहणादि) ( group. [1] Bhaga (भग) as God finds mention in Mahabharata (I.59.15), (IX.44.5).

Variants of name


Jat clans

Jat History

Bhim Singh Dahiya [2] Bharangurs in Punjab are called Bhangu. [3]This clan finds mention by the Greeks, at the time of Alexander’s Invasion and it is mentioned under the name, Phegelas or Phegeus. It is well known that the Indian “B” was termed into “P” by the Greeks and the suffix “S” is to be ignored as a Greek peculiarity. Keeping these facts in mind the name that remains is Bhagal or Bhagu. Under both these forms, this clan is known even today. Panini mentions them under the name Bhagala. They were a self governing clan, ruled by an aristocracy, with justice and moderation [4] Kaka, son of Kotal, grandson of Bhandargu Bhangu was ruling at Siwistan when the Arabs attacked Sindh. [5] Bhangu is given as the name of a demon, as well as the name of a mountain. Monier-Wlliams also mentions a Bhangasura. [6] [7]

H.A. Rose writes that Bhangu (भंगू), Bhanggu (भंग्गु), a Jat tribe which does not claim Rajput origin. The Bhangu and Nol were among the earliest inhabitants of the Jhang District and held the country about Shorkot, the Nol holding that round Jhang itself before the advent of the Sials, by whom both tribes were overthrown. Probably the same as the Bhango, supra. [8]

In Mahabharata

Bhaga (भग) finds mention in Mahabharata (I.59.15), (IX.44.5),

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 59 mentions Genealogy of Danavas, Gandharvas, Apsaras, Yakshas, Rakshasas: From Aditi have sprung the twelve Adityas who are the lords of the universe.[9] They are Dhatri, Mitra, Aryaman, Sakra, Varuna, Ansa, Bhaga, Vivaswat, Usha, Savitri, Tvashtri, and Vishnu. [10]

Shalya Parva, Mahabharata/Book IX Chapter 44 mentions the ceremony for investing Kartikeya with the status of generalissimo (सेनागणाध्यक्ष), the diverse gods, various clans who joined it: The diverse gods mentioned include Bhaga in verse (IX.44.5)..... "Dhata, and Vidhata, and Vayu, and Agni, and Pushan, and Bhaga, and Aryaman, and Ansa, and Vivaswat, and Rudra of great intelligence, and Mitra...." [11]


  1. V. S. Agrawala: India as Known to Panini, 1953, p.500
  2. Bhim Singh Dahiya, Jats the Ancient Rulers ( A clan study), p. 279
  3. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 272
  4. Mc Crindle, op. cit., p. 121
  5. Elliot and Dowson , Vol. I
  6. Monier-Wlliams, A Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Oxford, 1960, p.744
  7. See also Levi, in Journal Asiatque, 1890 , p.239
  8. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.84
  9. अदित्यां दवादशादित्याः संभूता भुवनेश्वराः, ये राजन नामतस तांस ते कीर्तयिष्यामि भारत (I.59.14)
  10. धाता मित्रॊ ऽरयमा शक्रॊ वरुणश चांश एव च, भगॊ विवस्वान पूषा च सविता दशमस तथा (I.59.15)
  11. पूष्णा भगेनार्यम्णा च अंशेन च विवस्वता, रुद्रश च सहितॊ धीमान मित्रेण वरुणेन च (IX.44.5)

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