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Bheron (भेरों)[1], Bhenron (भेंरों)[2] Bhairav, Bharon (भरों)[3], Bherwa/ Bherava (भेरवा), Bharwana (भरवाना), Bharwania (भरवानिया) Bahru/Bharu (भरु) is gotra of Jats found in Rajasthan, Haryana and Madhya Pradesh. Bharwana (भरवाना) Bharwan (भरवान) is (1) a Muhammadan Jat clan is found in Montgomery ; (2) a clan of the Sials, descended from Bhairo. [4] Bharwana is same as Bharwania found in Madhya Pradesh. They were supporters of Bhati Confederacy. [5] [6][7]


This gotra is said to be started from their ancestral Nagavanshi King named Bhairava/Bhairav (भैरव). [8]


Bhairogarh near Ujjain is main site of ancient Ujjain, containing the remains of structures which are dated to 3rd -2nd Century B.C.[9]

Dr Naval Viyogi [10] writes that .... Ancient Naga[11] culture has very deep roots in the cultural and religious life of the people of Maharashtra, which can be seen even today, from the intensive stud of their traditional gods and goddesses.

The original symbol of Mātangi is Valmiki (white-ant hill): Renuka, Enammna and Mātangi are worshipped in the form of Valmiki at different places in south. Santeri is worshipped in the form Bambi or serpent dwelling. This Valmiki is Yoni or vulva of earth and the serpent, who lives in, is representative of manhood or Linga. The meaning of the word Renuka, in origin, is earth (Renu+ka = like Renu) that is why she is called "of Kori Bhumi" or "Kumari Bhumi". Santeri is also known by the synonymous name of "Bhumi-ka" in Gomantaka. Similarly local gods like Marugan, Subrahmani, Khandova, Jyotiva, Khalnath and Bheron, which are worshipped in the form of Valmiki, are considered to be Kshetra-pati or Kshetra-pala (protector or keeper) Nagas.

Dr Naval Viyogi [12] writes that ....Maharashtra is one of the well known centres of Naga-worship Matangi, Renuka, Santeri, Marugan, Subrahmani, Khandowa, Jyotiva, Khalnath and Bheron are deities related to Naga-worship. Similarly images of serpent or Nagas like Kartikeya, Basuki, Skand Nag, Murugan, Subrahmanya, are also worshipped in every corner of Maharashtra. [13]

The Khokhars of Nadhagarh and Bhairon were an influencial clan in the early days of Jhang history. [14]

The Bharwanas trace their descent to Bhairo, sixth in desent from Mahni. [15]

Kal Bhairava temple Ujjain

Kalabhairava Temple Ujjain

The worship of the eight Bhairavas is a part of Saivite tradition, and the chief among them is Kala Bhairava. The Kal Bhairava temple is believed to have been built by King Bhadrasen, on the banks of the Shipra. Mentioned in the Avanti Khanda of the Skanda Purana. Important for the Tantric Kapalika and Aghora sects, of which Ujjain was a prominent centre. Beautiful paintings in the Malwa style once decorated the temple walls, only traces of which are visible. The village of Bhairogarh, famous for its printing, takes its name from the temple, and is located very near.

Sub divisions of Bhati Confederacy

According to H.A. Rose[16] Jat clans derived from Bhatti are: Lahar, Sara, Bharon, Makar, Mond, Kohar, Saharan, Isharwal, Khetalan, Jatai, Khodma, Bloda, Batho and Dhokia.[17]

H.A. Rose[18] writes that Sipra, subdivision of Gill tribe, only give daughters to the Bharwan clan of the latter tribe or within their own circle.

In Mahabharata

Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 52 gives the names of all those Nagas that fell into the fire of this snake-sacrifice. Bhairava was one of them and is mentioned in verse (I.52.15). Bhairava was born in the race of Dhritarashtra naga.[19]

Bharwana clan in Pakistan

The Bharwanas are a sub-caste of Sial (tribe) of Jats who came to this part of the subcontinent (Pakistan) in the 14th century from Rajasthan, India. They embraced Islam at the hands of Sufi poet Baba Farid Ganj Shakar. Bharwanas are settled along river Chenab in villages like Satiana, Mukhiana, Khewa, Sultanpur, Chund Bharwana, Qaim Bharwana, Kot Mirza and Chianwala in the Jhang and Chiniot tehsils. They have been a political force in the district for a long time. One of their elders, Mehr Zafarullah( Nasir Abad ) became chairman of Jhang District Council in 1987 and 1991. He also became MPA for three times and he also was the Advisor to Chief Minister.Mehr Ghulam Haider returned as MNA on several occasions. Mehr Akhtar Abbas became chairman of Jhang District Council in 1991.

The former went on to become provincial minister for industries. Mehr Aslam was an adviser to the Punjab chief minister in 1990.Mehr Amjad Nawaz Bharwana chairman of union council. Mehr Liaqat Ali Bharwana chairman of union council Dhoi Head Trimmo. Sultanpur in 1992. Akhtar Abbas Bharwana II is the General Manager of TEVTA(2009-present)(Grade 21). Babar Hassan Bharwana ( Nasir Abad )is a very successful and hard working bureaucrat.

Bharwanas were traditionally very strict about their women. But now literacy rate among Bharwana women is improving day by day. that some women are playing important role in the politics of Pakistan nowadays, these renowned personalities are, Ghulam Bibi and Saima Akhtar.

Ghulam Bibi belongs to Satiana village, situated in the heart of the constituency, and is a granddaughter of former MNA the late Ghulam Haider Bharwana.

Saima Akhtar belongs to Kot Mirza, Jhang.She is facing a very strong candidate in Sahibzada Nazir Sultan of the Millat party. Saima came into politics when her father Akhtar Bharwana.

The Bharwana clan are a landlord, horse loving, pet loving, breaucratic & political clan in Pakistan and even now in all over the world, popular because the men from Bharwana Family are brave, fighter and respective and women too.

Distribution in Rajasthan

Villages in Hanumangarh district

Bhairuchhani, Bhairusari, Bharwana Hanumangarh,

Villages in Jhunjhunu district

Bharu Ka Bas,

Distribution in Haryana

Villages in Fatehabad district

Jandli Kalan,

Villages in Hissar district

Panihar Chak, Hasangarh, Majra, Sarsod,

Distribution in Madhya Pradesh

Bherwa (भेरवा) Gotra of Jats found in Ratlam district in Madhya Pradesh.

Villages in Ratlam district

Ratlam, Sikhedi (1),

Villages in Mandsaur district

Bharwania (भरवानिया) gotra Jats live in Mandsaur district in Madhya Pradesh. Same as Bharwana (भरवाना).

Their main village is Molyakheri. Also found in Ralayta (Multanpura).

Notable persons



  • Ghulam Bibi Bharwana Politician
  • Saima Akhtar Bharwana Politician
  • Sarah Bharwana, Wife Of Atif Aslam
  • Fakhar Abbas Bharwana CSP (Audit & Accounts Group) 38 Common

External links

See also


  1. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma,p. 57
  2. O.S.Tugania:Jat Samuday ke Pramukh Adhar Bindu, p.55, s.n. 1949
  3. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I, p.316
  4. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/B , p.90
  5. Jat Varna Mimansa (1910) by Pandit Amichandra Sharma,p. 57
  6. Bhim Singh Dahiya: Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I, p.316
  7. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  8. Mahendra Singh Arya et al: Adhunik Jat Itihas, p. 273
  10. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas the Ancient Rulers of India, p.29-30
  11. Dr. Dhere R. C. "Lajjagauri" P-65 cited by Kosare H. L. P-215
  12. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas the Ancient Rulers of India, p.30,34
  13. Dr Naval Viyogi: Nagas the Ancient Rulers of India, p.34
  14. Gazetteer of the Jhanq District, p. 59
  15. Punjab District Gazetteers: Ibbetson series, 1883-1884.,p.62
  16. A glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province By H.A. Rose Vol II/J,p.376
  17. Jats the Ancient Rulers (A clan study)/Appendices/Appendix I,p.316
  18. A Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North-West ..., Volume 3,p.427
  19. आमाहठः कॊमठकः शवसनॊ मानवॊ वटः, भैरवॊ मुण्डवेदाङ्गः पिशङ्गश चॊद्र पारगः Mahabharata (I.52.15)
  20. Rajeev Bharwan on Facebook

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